"A people without the knowledge of their past history, origin and culture is like a tree without roots" (Marcus Garvey)
This is the first draft of a possible history of our world. The compilation of our lore into one consistent canon. By canon, we mean writings that are accepted as officially part of the story in our fictional universe. The alternative terms mythology, timeline, universe and continuity are often used, with the former being especially used to refer to a richly detailed fictional canon requiring a large degree of suspension of disbelief (e.g. an entire imaginary world and history), while the latter two typically refer to a single arc where all events are directly connected chronologically.
Our world is set in a fictional universe which differs from RL Earth. It is a self-consistent setting with events that differ from the real world. It may also be called a constructed world (conworld) or fictional realm. One of the earliest examples of a cohesive fictional world with its own rules and functional concepts is Utopia by The Right Honourable Sir Thomas More (1478–1535). While his story comprises only one small island, we have created an entire globe.
Because realism is an important element, we will begin each period by indicating some of the major changes in politics, culture, economy, technology, population. For a full list of RL changes, please consult these lists on Wikipedia.
Our stories take place on the planet Eurth, also called Earth (English), Alemi (Oharic) or Aerta. Eurth is the third planet from the San and the only object in the Universe known to harbour life. According to radiometric dating and other sources of evidence, Eurth formed over 4 billion years ago. The Eurth revolves around the San in 365.26 days, a period known as an Eurth year. The world contains many nations. Many different languages are spoken, such as Anglish, Tagmatine, Adapton, Suverin, Oharic, and Iverican. Tens of thousands of other languages are also spoken. It is home to an estimated 5 billion human beings.
Evolution of humans
Eurth is the homeworld of humanity, the only known intelligent life in the Universe. The earliest humanoids were the Europithecus afropensis. It appeared about two million years ago and, in several early migrations, it spread throughout southwest-Europa. It was likely the first human species to live in a hunter-gatherer society and to control fire. An adaptive and successful species, Europithecus afropensis persisted for more than a million years, and gradually diverged into new species by around 500.000 years ago, most notably Europithecus saharensis which adapted to live in a savannah-like climate of that time in @Sa Hara.
Archaeological evidence suggests that anatomically modern humans first appeared close to 300.000 to 200.000 years ago, most likely in the area between present-day The @Europa Empire, @Jilderen and @Afropa. These modern humans include the Homo sapiens, and also the Homo meanderthalensis which emerges around the same time. Their outward migration gradually supplemented other archaic humans as the dominant species of the world. These species dispersed in several waves, from possibly as early as 250.000 years ago, and certainly by 130.000 years ago, the so-called Southern Dispersal beginning about 70.000 years ago leading to the lasting colonisation of Europa and Marenesia by 50.000 years ago. All across Europa, the H. sapiens met with and interbred with archaic humans. Separate archaic (non-sapiens) human species are thought to have survived until around 40.000 years ago (Meanderthal extinction), with a possible late survival of hybrid species as late as 12.000 years ago.
Since the beginning of the Holocene period 12.000 years ago which marked the beginning of the Neolithic Revolution and agriculture, human activity has drastically changed the geography and biosphere of Eurth through urbanisation and deforestation.
- add a small map with arrows for migration, locations where skeletons were found, etc.
- make a timeline like this http://annex.exploratorium.edu/evidence/images/timeline_chart.gif including the above species
Ancient history (before 1500 BCE)
1. Stone Age (Prehistory)
Paleolithic (before 15.000 BCE)
- Cave dwellings
- 2,3M-1,8M: Stone tools
- 700K-120K: Fire
- 100K: Language
- 72K-42K: Clothing
- Hunter-gatherers spread north across the continent. Pottery remains found in different styles.
Mesolithic (15000 to 5000 BCE)
- 11.000 BCE: Last Ice Age ends
- 11.000 BCE: Pigs domesticated
- 11.000-9.000 BCE: Sheep domesticated
- 10.000-9.000 BCE: Founder crops of agriculture
- 13.000-8.000 BCE: Rice domesticated
- 8.500 BCE: Cattle domesticated
Neolithic (5000 to 2000 BCE)
- 4500 BCE: Rowing oars
- 3500 BCE: Wheel
- 3200 BCE: Domestication of the horse
- 3000 BCE: Writing
- 3000 BCE: Camels domesticated
- 3000-1000 BCE: Exploration of the Marenesia islands by sailors
- 2500: Sailing. The earliest seaworthy boats may have been developed as early as 4500 years ago.
2. Bronze Age (Protohistory & History)
Around the 4th millennium BCE, the complexity of trade and administration outgrew human memory, and writing became a more dependable method of recording and presenting transactions in a permanent form. The invention of writing coincides in some areas with the early beginnings of the Bronze Age.
- Cradles of civilisation
3. Iron Age
- City-states turn into small local Kingdoms
- Declines, falls and resurgence
Classical Age (1000 BCE to 500 CE)
800-300 BCE: Axial age. New ways of thinking appeared regarding religion and philosophy, in a striking parallel development, without any obvious direct cultural contact between all of the participating cultures. Key thinkers from this age had a profound influence on future philosophies and religions.
Smaller local kingdoms turn into regional Empires. One such empire is formed by the boy-king Alexander of Adthens. He dreamed of conquering the known world. Starting in his home city of Adthens, Alexander conquered the four known corners of the Occident.
The Aroman Empire. The Aroman Empire emerges in NW Europa. Built on top of the Alexandrian empire, they expand into a much larger territory by conquering central Europa. Around 200 CE the Aroman Empire becomes too large to be governed from a single location and it is split into two self-governing halves. Internal mismanagement and external threats cause the Empire to collapse. Its core remains form continued as Tagmatium and Adaptus. The Aroman influences can still be felt by the language ties around the Byzantine Sea, from Byzantium Nova (west) to Pirilao (east).
Anglo-Germano-Celto-Nordic tribes extend from Magnaeus, over Akiiryu to Vocenae and Nan-Gorgwaith.
Great plains people to the east of them, including Mongol-Swedes and Akiiryu.
Asiatic nations on the eastern shores, from Koku to Ide Jima.
Post-Classical Era (500 CE to 1500)
- 500-1500: Middle Ages (Europa)
- 500-1500: Late Byzantine Empire
- 550-700 CE: First Plague
- 750-1250: Pseudo-Islamic Golden Age
- 1250: Pseudo-Mongol invasion
- 1300-1900: Pseudo-Ottoman Empire
- 1315-1317: Great Famine
- 1340-1400: Black Death
- History of other continents?
Modern History (1500 to present)
Early Modern Period (1500-1800)
- 1300-1870: Little Ice Age
- 1400-1550: Age of Discovery (or is it re-discovery?)
- 1550-1850: Age of Sail
- 1300-1600: Renaissance
Late Modern Era (1750-1950)
- 1750-1850: Political Revolutions
- 1760-1830: First industrial revolution including textile, steam, iron, mining, gas
- 1816: Great Famine
- 1850-1900: Second industrial revolution including steel, chemical, automobile, petroleum, rubber
- 1915: Pseudo-Spanish Flu
- 1920-1950: World Wars
- 1940-1975: Atomic Age
Contemporary Era (1950-present)
- 1950: Jet Age
- 1955: Space Age
- 1975: Digital revolution
- 1995: Information age
Edited by Orioni (show revisions)