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Pojački Ministry of National Defense :: Export Directorate


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Pojački Ministry of National Defense
Export Directorate

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Welcome to the Export Directorate of the Pojački Ministry of National Defense (Ministarstvo Narodne Obrane; MNO), the chief point of contact for all foreign military sales from the Konfederacija Poja.  This thread will primarily be for IC material only, chiefly the procurement of Pojački military equipment by foreign states.  Before any post is made, I ask that we iron out the OOC details on our Discord either via DM or through conversation in #the-armoury so that we keep this thread clean and "business only."  It should be of note that the Konfederacija Poja does not have a tremendous number of restrictions for foreign military exports but will draw the line at any nation that is either belligerent to the Konfederacija Poja, has no relations with the Konfederacija Poja, and is considered a "potential enemy" of the Konfederacija Poja.

History
Pojački weapons exports are a relatively "new" business for the country that would have begun in earnest in the late 1970s and a lot of this has to do with the way the Konfederacija Poja was founded and the path it took at the onset of its statehood.  

When the Konfederacija Poja was founded in 1900, the kingdoms did not lose their standing armies nor was any unified military established.  The former kings had become the new premiers and, as such, maintained a great deal of loyalty and control from the armies that had once protected them.  However, by the late 1910s, the premiers were dead, dying, or of such advanced age that their influence had greatly waned.  Thus, in 1922, at the death of the final "former king," the Ministry of National Defense was formed and steps were underway for the unification of the Pojački military.  There was no unified command or procurement structure until this and soldiers fought with a hodgepodge of weapons.  By 1925, the Konfederacija Poja established an almost exclusive procurement relationship with the Volsci Republic, which would last five decades and include air, land, and sea equipment such so that the Pojački military was almost exclusively provided for by the Volsci Republic.

Following the end of the Chernarussian Conflict (1974) and the Pojački Emergency (1976) the Konfederacija Poja not only began to broaden its purchases but also to embark upon a path of self-sufficiency.  In the case of the latter, it was an attempt to procure weaponry that would make up for shortfalls experienced during the six-year Chernarussian Conflict (1968 - 1974) and in the last of the latter, it was an attempt to avoid any export controls that could detrimentally harm the Konfederacija Poja in a future conflict.  One glaring example is the procurement of laser-guided bombs, which were not available from the Volsci Republic at the time but which had proven invaluable in foreign conflicts around the same time.  

As part of the Konfederacija Poja's path towards self-sufficiency was the bolstering of its domestic arms manufacturing sector.  This sector had largely been boosted by the Volsci Republic over the prior five decades and thus was hardly new to the concept.  For example, while fighter aircraft had been procured from the Volsci Republic, they were maintained exclusively by Pojački companies, the same went for helicopters, armored vehicles, small arms, et cetera.  Already self-sufficient, in this regard, the arms industry received its own boosts from the Pojački government in the wake of the Chernarussian Conflict that now allowed it to begin the development, testing, and implementation of domestically-produced weaponry.  Manufacturing standards already applied to the industry meant that the Pojački arms industry would have to develop weapon systems that met Pojački objectives while not sacrificing on reliability or quality to achieve those results.

In an effort to procure additional funding for the Pojački arms industry, the Konfederacija Poja opened up the Export Directorate of the Ministry of National Defense.  Providing a new alternative to the arms exporters in the wurld, the Konfederacija Poja also used this as a way to start the slow grind away from semi-isolationism and protectionist policies that had ruled over the country for more than seven decades.  

Purchase Guidelines

  1. Considering the following purchasing guidelines prior to any official posts.  It is important that we keep this thread clean and use alternate threads or avenues for back-and-forth OOC discussions.  As a reminder, this thread is for IC material only.
  2. Please read all of the pertinent details of each weapon system so that you know you are buying what you need.  As much as I'd love to go ham on military sales, it doesn't make sense to sell you something you wouldn't need or wouldn't fit your nation.
  3. All OOC discussion should be done in Discord via DM or #the-armoury.  Please ask as many questions as you want but I implore you to read the details on the weapon system first.  Do not ask questions that are readily answered (e.g., What is the weight?  How many hardpoints does this plane have?  What caliber is this rifle?).  I'm more than happy to answer questions but please do expend some effort ahead of time.
  4. Timeframe?  That's a tough one.  In contrary to what I just posted above, questions on timeframe are fully reasonable as just because something reaches service in one year doesn't mean it's export-ready that very year.  This will be established over time so if you have an idea when you want this system to be in service, we can work around there.  Though do be realistic.
  5. Costs are also difficult to peg.  If you ever look at the cost of arms sales internationally, they're always hit or miss.  A fighter jet might cost $20 million but in a package deal suddenly you see they're buying 100 warplanes for $10 billion ($100 million each) and that is because there's spare parts, training, logistics, et cetera that's very hard to quantify.  I myself can't even put a reliable figure on this so we'll work through what seems reasonable and leave the rest ambiguous.  Suffice it to say, if something is listed for $20 million, no one is ever paying $20 million.
  6. Resale?  The Konfederacija Poja's end user certifications do not allow for unilateral resale of heavy equipment.  Permission is required from the Export Directorate (i.e., let's discuss offline and make an IC post) for resale.  What is heavy equipment?  That is everything larger than small arms or crew-served weapons (e.g., armored vehicle, aircraft, ships).  Of course, there's nothing to stop under-the-table sales but if the Konfederacija Poja were to find out, it would result in sanctions on future purchases or spare parts for current equipment.
  7. Domestic production rights are available for small arms and crew-served weapons almost without condition.  The condition would be that if you're purchasing one, two, or a small handful that you would not have DPRs.  We'll operate off of the concept that you would place an initial large order and then receive the technical assistance (if you want) to provide domestic maintenance and construction of quantities.  This would be reflective in the price of what you buy so yes there would be additional charges.

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Edited by Poja (see edit history)
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Directory of Systems

  • Aircraft
    • Fixed Wing
      • ZuB-10 Pelikan (Pelican)
        • Manufacturer: Zubareva-Bogolyubova
        • Role: Combat-capable advanced jet trainer; Light attack aircraft
        • Export Timeframe: Late 1970s - Present
        • Unit Cost: $3 million [Pelikan-A]; $10 million [Pelikan-B]; $20 million [Pelikan-C]
      • ZuB-17 Ter'er (Terrier)
        • Manufacturer: Zubareva-Bogolyubova
        • Role: Multirole 4th generation fighter
        • Export Timeframe: Late 1990s - Present
        • Unit Cost: $30 million [Ter'er-B]; $40 million [Ter'er-C]; $60 million [Ter'er-D]
    • Rotary Wing
    • Unmanned Aerial Vehicles
      • Ma-10 Stršljen (Hornet)
        • Manufacturer: Marušić Aviation Corporation
        • Role: MALE UCAV
        • Export Timeframe: Early 2010s - Present
        • Cost: $180 million per system
        • System: 6 UAVs, 2 ground control stations, associated launch & maintenance vehicles, spare parts, training
      • Ma-11 Vilin Konjic (Dragonfly)
        • Manufacturer: Marušić Aviation Corporation
        • Role: Battlefield ISTAR UAV
        • Export Timeframe: Late 2000s - Present
        • Cost: $50 million per system
        • System: 10 UAVs, 1 ground control station, associated launch & maintenance vehicles, spare parts, training
      • Ma-12 Osa (Wasp)
        • Manufacturer: Marušić Aviation Corporation
        • Role: MALE UCAV
        • Export Timeframe: Late 2010s - Present
        • Cost: $81 million per system
        • System: 6 UAVs, 2 ground control stations, associated launch & maintenance vehicles, spare parts, training
Edited by Poja (see edit history)
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ZuB-17 Ter'er (Terrier)


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Aviation :: Fixed-Wing :: Fighter

Basic Information
The ZuB-17 Ter'er is a 4th generation, multi-role fighter that is optimized to compete with the F-16 Falcon, JAS-39 Gripen, and the Mirage 2000C.  Like these aircraft, it is highly maneuverable in a dogfight while maintaining competitive beyond visual range (BVR) capabilities against high threat enemy aircraft.  In the same mission, it can perform air-to-ground duties including, but not limited to: anti-surface warfare (ASuW), combat air support (CAS), strikes, and suppression of enemy air defenses (SEAD).

The Ter'er is also a quick reaction (QRA) focused fighter jet.  In a "warmed up condition," a fighter jet can be ready to taxi is less than five minutes from engine start.  In an interceptor configuration, the aircraft can be airborne in less than 400 meters (1,300 feet).

Also bolstering the Ter'er's reputation is the fact that it was designed with "force dispersal" in mind.  The Ter'er can operate from austere runways (i.e., highway strips and auxiliary airfields) just as easily as main operating bases.  Maintenance procedures have been specifically designed and tailored to minimize the aircraft's logistical footprint allowing for a fully mobile logistical system.  A squadron of twelve aircraft need only seventy-two maintenance personnel to operate at full effectiveness from any base.

Service History
The ZuB-17 Ter'er entered service with the Pojački National Air Force (PNAF) in 1993 as the L-13A Ter'er, replacing outdated - though upgraded - versions of the MiG-21bis Fishbed and the Su-17M Fitter-D.  Introducing multirole capabilities, one fighter replaced both aging platforms.  In 1995, the upgraded L-13C Ter'er entered service providing a significant upgrade over the L-13A Ter'er, which was produced in only limited numbers.  The "C" model Ter'er was produced in significant numbers, the most to date, filling out six fighter squadrons in the PNAF.  By 2001, the Ter'er had fully replaced both the Fitter and the Fishbed in PNAF service.  In service with the PNAF, the L-13A and the L-13C performed air defense patrols and expanded on the PNAF's ability to conduct precision strikes and suppression of enemy air defenses (SEAD) while maintaining a readiness rate in excess of 85%.

Beginning in 2008, production restarted with the L-13D Ter'er, which offered a major upgrade over the L-13C.  It featured improvements to its avionics and self-defense systems, two additional hardpoints for air-to-air missiles (AAMs), a more powerful engine, enhanced weapons capabilities including GPS-guided ordnance, and a helmet-mounted sight (HMS), enabling pilots the ability to fire dogfight missiles at high off-boresight angles, improving the aircraft's capabilities in a dogfight but also during any hard maneuvering where the pilot is unable to look at the head's up display (HUD) such as during surface-to-air missile (SAM) evasion.  The entire fleet of PNAF L-13A and L-13Cs were upgraded o the L-13D standard by 2018.  The only exception is the PNAF Grey Wolves demonstration team, that still operate the L-13C.  

The Ter'er is due to undergo another major upgrade beginning in 2024 with the L-13E and the NL-13F.  The L-13E will be a completely redesigned aircraft featuring major improvements in avionics and self-defense systems, including the adoption of an active electronically-scanned array (AESA) radar.  The aircraft will feature a more powerful engine with thrust-vectoring control, larger wings with increased fuel and carrying capacity, four additional hardpoints, and many other upgrades.  The NL-13F will upgrade the two-seat L-13B operational unit conversion (OCU) trainers in service with fighter and training squadrons.

Avionics & Combat Systems
The Ter'er-C and the Ter'er-D feature a highly capable avionics suite that includes a pulse-Doppler multimode radar capable of searching for air targets out to 300 km (160 nm) and tracking them within 150 km (80 nm).  It features look-down capabilities and can guide both semi-active radar homing (SARH) and active radar homing (ARH) air-to-air missiles, including those that require midcourse updates.  The radar is capable of tracking as many as 24 targets at once while simultaneously engaging up to 4.

Both aircraft also feature a passive infrared search and track (IRST) system with an effective range of up to 50 km (27 nm) against retreating or 15 km (8 nm) against oncoming fighter aircraft.  The IRST is essential on the modern battlefield where one's radar signals give up their presence to enemy fighters.

For self-defenses, the Ter'er-C and the Ter'er-D both come equipped with a wide array of countermeasures dispensing systems (CMDS).  Both feature chaff and flare dispensers in their fuselage (120 chaff/flare) and on their wingtip hardpoints (40 chaff) while the Ter'er-D also features above fuselage dispensers (160 chaff/flare) to complement their existing systems.  The Ter'er-D is also fully compatible with towed decoys and features 2 dispensers, each with 2 decoys.  To complement the aircraft's radar warning receiver (RWR), the Ter'er-D also features a missile approach warning system (MAWS) for detection of incoming missiles, including infrared-guided weapons that would not give an RWR warning.

Capabilities
The Ter'er is a high-performance fighter aircraft.  It is capable of reaching altitudes of 17,000 m (55,775 ft) and it is capable of maneuvering at +9G in subsonic flight or up to +7.33G in supersonic flight.  At sea level, the aircraft has a maximum speed of Mach 1.1 (1,350 km/h; 730 kn) and, at altitude, it has a maximum speed of Mach 2.1 (2,225 km/h; 1,200 kn).  It has a combat radius of 400 km (215 nm) and a ferry range of 3,775 km (2,000 nm).

In an interceptor configuration, a maximum performance takeoff can see the Ter'er airborne in 300 to 400 meters (1,000 to 1,300 feet) and for landing, the Ter'er can utilize either a reverse thruster for maximum braking effort on short runways, especially highway airstrips, or a braking chute.  With a braking chute, the Ter'er will come to a full stop in just 715 meters (2,350 feet).

The aircraft is fully capable of inflight refueling using the probe-and-drogue method and the pilot sits on a recline, zero-zero ejection seat.  The cockpit is fully climate controlled and compatible with night vision goggles.

Ordnance
The Ter'er-C and the Ter'er-D features 9 hardpoints and an internal gun.  The standard gun is a BK.27 Mauser derivative that shoots a 27×145mm round.  The total ammunition load for the 27-millimeter cannon is 250 rounds.  Other gun options are available for export to ensure that the fighter's weapons remain compatible with one's logistics systems.  All hardpoints are built on standard NATO lug spacing of 14 in (35.56 cm) or 30 in (76.2 cm).  The Ter'er can carry a maximum payload of 5,600 kg (12,345 lb) for the Ter'er-C or 7,600 kg (16,755 lb) for the Ter'er-D.

Both aircraft are equipped with a centerline hardpoint rated at 1,500 kg (3,300 lb) for fuel tanks, pods, and even bombs.  There are 2 fuselage hardpoints rated at 300 kg (660 lb) each strictly for medium-range or BVR air-to-air missiles.  There are 2 inner wing hardpoints rated at 1,000 kg (2,200 lb) each on the Ter'er-C or 2,000 kg (4,400 lb) each on the Ter'er-D, which can be used to carry a wide array of A2A or A2G ordnance as well as fuel tanks, ECM pods, and air-launched decoys.  Both aircraft feature 2 center wing hardpoints rated at up to 650 kg (1,425 lb) each for A2A or A2G ordnance along with ECM pods and air-launched decoys.  Lastly, there are 2 wingtip hardpoints each rated for 100 kg (220 lb), strictly for light A2A missiles only.

Some typical loadouts for the Ter'er are as follows:

  • Air Defense: 2 × short-range AAM, 6 × BVR AAM, 3 × drop tank
  • Anti-Ship: 2 × short-range AAM, 2 × BVR AAM, 2 × anti-ship missile, 1 × drop tank
  • Combat Air Support: 2 × short-range AAM, 2 × BVR AAM, 2 × AGM or LGB, 2 × drop tank, 1 × targeting pod
  • SEAD: 2 × short-range AAM, 2 × BVR AAM, 2× anti-radiation missiles, 2 × drop tank, 1 × targeting pod
  • Strike: 2 × short-range AAM, 2 × BVR AAM, 2 × LGB, 2 × drop tank, 1 × targeting pod

Specifications

  • Crew: 1 [ZuB-17VM/VM2] or 2 [ZuB-17S]
  • Length: 16.2 m (53.15 ft)
  • Wingspan: 9.5 m (31.17 ft)
  • Wing Area: 31 m² (334 ft²)
  • Height: 4.82 m (15.81 ft)
  • Empty Weight: 7,800 kg (17,196 lb)
  • Fuel Weight: 3,100 kg (6,835 lb) [ZuB-17S] or 3,500 kg (7,716 lb) [ZuB-17VM/VM2]
  • Payload: 5,600 kg (12,346 lb) [ZuB-17S/VM] or 7,600 kg (16,755 lb) [ZuB-17VM2]
  • Maximum Takeoff Weight: 17,000 kg (37,479 lb) [ZuB-17S/VM] or 19,000 kg (41,887 lb) [ZuB-17VM2]
  • Powerplant: 1 × Lazarev TVD-20A Afterburning Turbofan [ZuB-17S/VM] or 1 × Lazarev TVD-20B Afterburning Turbofan [ZuB-17VM2]
  • Dry Thrust: 7,036 kgf (15,512 lbf) [ZuB-17S/VM] or 7,342 kgf (16,186 lbf) [ZuB-17VM2]
  • Wet Thrust: 9,381 kgf (20,682 lbf) [ZuB-17S/VM] or 10,401 kgf (22,931 lbf) [ZuB-17VM2]
  • Ceiling: 17,000 m (55,775 ft)
  • Maximum Speed
    • Sea Level: Mach 1.1 (1,350 km/h; 730 kn)
    • Altitude: Mach 2.1 (2,225 km/h; 1,200 kn)
  • Rate of Climb: 220 m/s (43,300 ft/min)
  • Range
    • Combat Radius: 400 km (216 nm)
    • Ferry Range: 3,775 km (2,038 nm)
  • Takeoff Distance: 700 m (2,297 ft) [Loaded]
  • Landing Distance: 1,040 m (3,412 ft) [No Chute]

Variants & Costs

  • ZuB-17S Ter'er-B ($30 million) [1999 - Present]
    S = Školski zrakoplov ("trainer")
    Two-seat operational unit conversion (OCU) trainer with dual controls and limited combat capabilities in both A2A and A2G missions.  The fuel load is reduced to fit the second pilot.
  • ZuB-17VM Ter'er-C ($40 million) [1999 - 2008]
    V = Višenamenski ("multirole"), M = Modernizovano ("modernized")
    Single-seat production model with a glass cockpit and improved combat capabilities over the initial Ter'er-A model.  It features the ability to launch active radar AAMs and utilize precision guided munitions (PGM) in A2G missions.  It is fully compatible with targeting pods (TGPs) but not GPS weaponry.  It also adds two hardpoints to the fuselage for AAMs.
  • ZuB-17VM2 Ter'er-D ($60 million) [2008 - Present]
    V = Višenamenski ("multirole"), M = Modernizovano ("modernized"), 2 = Second upgrade
    Single-seat production model improved from the Ter'er-C with upgrades to the self-defense systems and avionics allowing GPS-guided ordnance.  Expansions include additional A2A and A2G weapons capabilities and a helmet-mounted sight (HMS) for off-boresight engagements with dogfight missiles.  Additionally, it features a more powerful engine.  

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  • 1 month later...

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1 July, 1999

To the Export Directorate of the Pojački Ministry of National Defense:

On behalf of the Gaellician people and the Rìogan Aeratorm, I extend warm greetings. I am writing to you today in regards to defense procurement.

Gaellicia's air force has determined a need for the acquisition of a new strike fighter. After extended discussion and investigation, it has been concluded that the ZuB-17VM Ter'er-C is the aircraft best suited for the Aeratorm's needs. 

Gaellicia is looking to acquire enough aircraft to fit out two fourteen-ship squadrons. The Aeratorm seeks to have the first of the two squadrons operational no later than the second quarter of 2004. The outfitting of additional squadrons is a future possibility, contingent on the availability of funds.

I would also like to make a technical inquiry. The ability to fit Link 16 datalink on the aircraft is of great interest to the Aeratorm. Will the Ter'er-C variant be able to accommodate the fitting of this equipment in the future?  Would fitting need to be carried out by Pojački personnel, or would it be a task that could be carried out by Gaellician contractors?

The Confederation extends it's gratitude to the Confederacy in honoring this request. I personally look forward to conducting business and fostering cooperation.

Norma Adeear,

Minister of War, Sceptred Confederation of Gaellicia

Edited by Gaellicia (see edit history)
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Pojački Ministry of National Defense
Export Directorate
9 September 1999

Rìoghachd na Gaellicia
Ministry of War

Dear Minister Norma Adeear of the Rìoghachd na Gaellicia:


The Konfederacija Poja is honored to have such an interest taken by the Rìoghachd na Gaellicia in the Ter'er multirole fighter aircraft.  It goes without saying that the long history of friendly relations between our two nations makes the approval of this sale uncontentious and is thusly approved with the details to follow.

After negotiations between our two parties, your request for payment over an eight-year (8) period is approved for a fixed interest rate of 2%.  The total amount to be paid, with interest, amounts to $2,046,801,491.61 to be paid evenly across eight (8) years.

Details of the package are as follows:

  • Four (4) ZuB-17SK Ter'er-B two-seat trainers
  • Twenty-four (24) ZuB-17VMK Ter'er-C single-seat multirole fighters
  • Initial training for all flight and ground crew personnel in the Konfederacija Poja
  • Support equipment for spare parts and assorted weaponry
  • Turnover training for domestic maintenance and flight operations

Aircraft will be delivered as per the current schedule below:

  • Q1 2002: Two (2) ZuB-17SK and six (6) ZuB-17VMK
  • Q1 2003: Two (2) ZuB-17SK and eight (8) ZuB-17VMK
  • Q1 2004: Ten (10) ZuB-17VMK

Based on the current delivery schedule - which may be subject to change due to changes in capacity, equipment and materials availability, training proficiency, and/or other factors stated in the formal contract, the first squadron of aircraft will be operationally ready per your required timetable of 2Q 2004 with the second squadron available approximately twelve (12) to sixteen (16) months later.  This training will establish self-sufficiency for the Rìoghachd na Gaellicia to operate and to maintain the Ter'er aircraft.  Options for continued, Pojački support can be made available if necessary.

Concerning the upgrade of aircraft with LINK-16 datalink capabilities, this program is currently slated to begin for domestic aircraft between 2004 and 2006.  Upgrades can begin for export aircraft beginning in 2008.  Initial work, testing, and evaluation will be performed by Pojački technicians on site in Rìoghachd na Gaellicia for a future-negotiated cost.  Maintenance and upkeep responsibilities will be that of the Rìoghachd na Gaellicia unless otherwise requested.  Future upgrade programs can be made available in the future as upgrades are made to domestically-built aircraft.  As a Tier One partner, the Rìoghachd na Gaellicia is eligible for priority service and access to future upgrades ahead of other potential export customers.

May this agreement between our two nations continue to expand our defense cooperation between one another and further strengthen our already strong bonds.

Edited by Poja (see edit history)
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