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[ADV] AFV Evaluation and Implementation Program


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Advocatian Armed Forces + Advocation Armaments Group: Armoured Fighting Vehicle Evaluation and Implementation Program - Post-Shfakien War

The 'Advocatian Armed Forces + Advocation Armaments Group: Armoured Fighting Vehicle Evaluation and Implementation Program - Post-Shfakien¬†War', details the future optimisation of the Advocatian Ground Forces and Advocatian National Guard's armoured fighting vehicles that are/will be operated by said branches - Now focusing on the experience and knowledge earned through the 'Shfakien War' conflicted that Advocatius was involved in from¬†4th December 2022 ‚ÄĒ 25th September 2023. The Program will involve two primary operations, which are:

Evaluation:

Evaluation aims to detail all existing Armoured Fighting Vehicles and how successfully they operated within the conflict, taking attention as well to their variants and evaluate if their role has been sufficiently sufficed by the existing model produced and operated. Analysing key battles and campaigns through the war to fully grade the specific variant on how much modification they require; by the end taking into account all the gradings of their variants to give an overall grade to be used by Ground Force command, to be given to the Advocatian Armaments Groups to either maintain initial production with perhaps a few modifications, or replace the vehicle.

Implementation:

Implementation aims to utilise what was gained from the conflict in order to modify any Armoured Fighting Vehicles still within development stages, in this case two, comparing the current model with their existing equivalent on the battlefield in order to properly use the lessons taught from said existing vehicles experience to improve and adapt the developmental model for the ever changing scope of warfare. All data will be approved by Ground Force Command, and given to the Advocatian Armaments Group to modify or maintain the model that they have created.

Grading System

The Grading System established here will take effect on both Evaluation and Implementation; Evaluation will use it to grade the individual variants and how they suit their role, then being used overall to decide the fate of a vehicle; Implementation will use it to grade the existing developmental design and it's proposed variants if it possesses any.

[G] -- Green details a design which requires little to no modification and is near completely fine in it's current state.

[Y] -- Yellow details a design that requires some modification as soon as is convenient but is still be acceptable in it's current state.

[O] -- Orange details a design that requires extensive modification in its current state but can otherwise still operate within the Ground Forces or National Guard.

[R] -- Red details a design that requires extensive and immediate modification and is in no way acceptable to the Ground Forces or National Guard in its current state, with perhaps the design being removed from active service/development.

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AFV Evaluation - VBCI-35 Renard/Renarde - VBCI/VBTT/EBRC/TMA/VEM/VCM

Designer: Advocatian Armaments Group, New Worthing East Bureau
Place of Origin: Socialist Federal Republic of Advocatius
Operators: Socialist Federal Republic of Advocatius
Type: Wheeled Infantry Fighting Vehicle (+variants)
Cost Per Unit: 5-5.5 Million Adapton Solidus ($)
Number of Units: 436 (Majority IFV's/APC's)


Basic Tactical Technical Data

Length: 7.50 m
Height (not incl. mounts; radar, weapons): 2.08 m
Width: 2.67 m
Weight: 22 tonnes
Engine: 6 cylinder 455 HP/335 kW
Max. speed: 105 KPH
Operation range: 700 km
Acceleration: 0 ‚Äď 30 KPH - 6.5 sec, 0 ‚Äď 50 KPH -¬†14 sec
Crew: 3, commander, gunner, driver (2 in VBTT-35B,VEM-35D,VCM-35F)
Passengers: 6 (12 in VBTT-35B, VEM-35D, VCM-35F)
Floating speed: 10 KMH
Max. climbing: 70 %
Fording: 1.5 m

Variants Grading

VBCI-35A Renard - Infantry Fighting Vehicle - [G]

The VBCI-35A Renard is the Infantry Fighting vehicle variant, it's armament is comprised of a 30mm gun with a 7.62 mm machine gun as a secondary gun, with the option of equipping an Anti-Tank Guided Missile and a grenade thrower for smoke grenades. The crew is comprised of 3, a commander, gunner and driver, and able to carry 6 additional passengers with a payload capacity of 8,500 kg. The IFV variant comprises the majority of Renard's in service and is the baseline for the vehicle's design, acting as Advocatius' primary IFV since it's introduction to service in 2004 and being one of its most successful in enabling Advocatius' arms manufacturing industry the capability to properly design and mass produce it's own vehicles, acting as the standard for the later introduced VBTT-40 Tortue to achieve.

In the Shfakien War the IFV acted perfectly in it's role, able to quickly traverse the hazardous environment's such as the semi-mountainous region of the south in which it positioned itself along the mountains supporting infantry below, the smoke-ridden fields of Hovd and Montpellier providing fire support for infantry, as well as the later Basin encounters during the counter-invasion of Tengrolhan using amphibious capabilities to cross the many rivers and outperform enemy vehicles. The armament abled the vehicle to encounter and surpass against it's Tengrolhan counterparts with tactics employed by the crews taking out many invading tank forces. Reports from passengers and crews say that the vehicle had relative comfort for both parties and rarely experienced severe mechanical issues, with however this variant occasionally struggling in amphibious operating due to the gun occasionally getting damaged. Rating: [G]

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VBTT-35B Renarde - Armoured Personnel Carrier - [G]

The VBTT-35B Renarde is the Armoured Personnel Carrier Variant, it's armament replaces the 30 mm gun in favour for a 12.7 mm machine gun. This greatly increases the internal space within the vehicle, which removes the gunner reducing the crew count to 2 (commander, driver) and doubles the passenger load to 12, with a passenger operating the 12.7 mm machine gun. The APC variant is second in number only to the IFV variant, unlike the IFV variant it is not the primary vehicle in it's role, instead acting as a better protected and higher infantry capacity VBTT-40A Tortue Armoured Personnel Carrier.

In the Shfakien War the APC variant had similar success to the IFV variant, infantrymen generally preferred the Renarde due to it's relative size to the Tortue and thus increased comfort. The vehicle was outperformed by the Tortue in the semi-mountainous environment due to more being active. However during large scale battles such as Hovd or Montpellier the better protection offered by the Renarde made it far more preferable and successful in these theatres, which has removed the notion among analysts that the APC variant is null compared to the Guarani, as such it's training environment will be altered to prefer urban scenarios. Both parties, have reported the vehicle comfortable and are the least likely variant to experience mechanical issues. Rating: [G]

EBRC-35C Renard - Fire Support Vehicle - [Y]

The EBRC-35C Renarde is the Fire Support Vehicle variant, it's armament drastically changes from the prior models, replacing the 30 mm gun of the IFV and 12.7 mm machine gun of the APC is replaced by a 105 mm rifled gun equipped with an autoloader. The tank has 3 crew (commander, gunner, driver) and has no space for passengers. This variant acts less of the other designs and more closely relates in purpose to the C-44 Mangouste Light Tank, acting as a more mobile and infantry support focused version of it. It is the 3rd most produced variant of the Renard and is focused on the destruction of smaller armoured vehicles such as APC's and IFV's in order to aid advancing infantry with heavy fire, acting as a complement to the IFV variant if it's own firepower does not suffice the current situation.

In the Shfakien War, the FSV variant was one of the most successful armoured fighting vehicles in the Ground Forces, properly attained to the semi-mountainous environment pinpointing and destroying armoured vehicles on the terrain below aiding other units using it's range and superior firepower to secure it's front. Later in the war during the assault on the Bana river basin due to the terrain changing drastically it was able to act in the role of the C-44 where it couldn't during the offensive, however it had shared it's struggling in amphibious operation with the VBCI-35A and even to a worse extent with of damage to the gun and barrel, most thankfully not dragging down the overall performance in the theatre due to the efforts of the Air Force and infantry, this is needs to be worked on for future scenarios. Rating: [Y]

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TMA-35D  Renard - Mortar Carrier - [Y]

The TMA-35E Renard is the Mortar Carrier variant, this variant lacks a traditional armament compared to the prior three. In place of a main gun it has equipped a 120 mm mortar in it's stead, the vehicle was intended to use the post-2022 production models as pre-2022 models had lackluster performance and often struggled with proper trajectory and hitting it's models, but due in part to the war, only 3 have received this model. This has led to the performance overall being lackluster, the vehicle prior to the introduction of the Iverican UCAG I 'Elefante' was the only form of mobile artillery in service, now it stands as a rapid response version of the Elefante providing support to dug in infantry and other armoured fighting vehicle units.

In the Shfakien War, due to the use of the pre-2022 production units of the 120mm mortar units the performance was degraded, but still the vehicle had similar use cases in all terrains faced within the war alongside the IFV, APC and FSV variants. Crew had reported that the overall vehicle was reliable and comfortable and response times were exceeding the average for most units, the vehicles issues are mostly a case of inaccuracy, since the end of the war they have actually begun to be equipped with post-2022 production models but the process has been slow, these units need upgrading as soon as feasible. Rating: [Y]

VEM-35E Renarde - Medical Evacuation Vehicle - [G]

The VEM-35D Renarde is the Medical Evacuation vehicle variant, lacking any in all armament prioritising the evacuation of wounded soldiers of which it has a modified back compartment in order to properly provide medical care and aid for multiple soldiers. As the vehicle lacks armament and thus issues with said armament it means that the vehicle is statistically the least often vehicle to have a mechanical issue, and performance in this regard is similar to that of the VBTT-35B Renarde and is an exceedingly reliable vehicle.

In the Shfakien War, the vehicle was capable of operating under the pressure of an open battlefield with great performance and crews were properly able to respond to MEDVAC calls rapidly and in most conditions. Reports from crew indicate that the vehicle had relative comfort and had been properly kitted with medical staff, overall the vehicle is one of the most successful in it's role and is fitted well. Rating: [G]

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VCM-35F Renarde - Command Vehicle - [G]

The VCM-35F Renarde is the Command and Control variant, having the same armament as the VBTT-35B being a 12.7 mm machine gun, the vehicle however unlike the APC variant is focused on mission control. The vehicle is intended to coordinate combat units in order to complete an objective, fully acquitted with more advanced communication technology to be used for datalink. The vehicle is the least produced variant of the Renarde.

In the Shfakien War, the vehicles operational capabilities did meet the expectations and intentions of how the vehicle should conduct and operate, able to coordinate detachments of both infantry and armoured fighting vehicle units. Able to keep the Ground Forces connected as well as in the rare time they would rarely come under fire have the capabilities of properly defending itself and protecting the crew. Rating: [G]

Overall Rating of the VBCI-35A Renard/Renarde and variants: [G]

Edited by Advocatius (see edit history)
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AFV Evaluation - VBTT-40 Tortue - VBTT/VBCI/TMA/VEM/VCM/VBD/VBAA/VBI/VBCT/EBRC

Designer: Advocatian Armaments Group, New Worthing East Bureau
Place of Origin: Socialist Federal Republic of Advocatius
Operators: Socialist Federal Republic of Advocatius
Type: Wheeled Armoured Personnel Carrier (+variants)
Cost Per Unit: 1.4 Million Adapton Solidus ($)
Number of Units: 798 (Majority APC's/IFV's)

Basic Tactical Technical Data

Length: 6.91 m
Height (not incl. mounts; radar, weapons): 2.34 m
Width: 2.70 m
Weight: 16.7 tonnes
Engine: 6 cylinder 383 HP/279 kW
Max. speed: 90 KPH
Operational Range: 600 km
Acceleration:¬†0 ‚Äď 30 KPH - 6.5 sec, 0 ‚Äď 50 KPH -¬†14 sec
Crew: 3, commander, gunner, driver (2 in VBTT-40A, VEM-40E,  VCM-40F, VBD-40G, VBI-40J, VBCT-40K)
Passengers: 8
Floating Speed: 9 KPH
Max. Climbing: 60%
Fording: 0.45 m

Variants Grading

VBTT-40A Tortue - Armoured Personnel Carrier - [G]

The VBTT-40A Tortue is the Armoured Personnel Carrier variant, it's armament is comprised of a 12.7 mm machine gun, with the option of equipping it with a grenade thrower for smoke grenades. It's crew is comprised of 2 (commander, driver) with the ability to carry 8 passengers. It is the baseline variant for the vehicles design acting as Advocatius' primary APC since its introduction in 2016, acting as a more cost-efficient variant of the VBTT-35B Renarde which costs roughly five times as much. Whilst the Tortue only is able to equip 8 passengers compared to the Renarde's 12, its ability to be produced on far larger scale and not making crew concessions to the armament of other variants as the Renarde did often reducing its passenger hold to 6, makes the Tortue one of the most efficient and capable vehicles in Advocatian service.

In the Shfakien War, the VBTT-40A Tortue was proficient in its role, whilst slower than the Renarde, it was able to transport the vast majority of infantry efficiently and generally had better combat performance per unit than the VBTT-35B. It was able to operate efficiently in the semi-mountainous environment, able to operate within the major battles such as Hovd and Montpellier, and later was often preferred in the Basin environment encountered later during the invasion of Tengrolhan in more muddy, and river based terrain. Both parties, the crew and passengers, reported relative comfort for the vehicle, and managed to proficiently operate with the vehicle. Rating: [G]

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VBCI-40B Tortue - Infantry Fighting Vehicle - [G]

The VBCI-40B Tortue is the Infantry Fighting Vehicle variant, it's armament is comprised of a 30 mm main gun with a 7.62 mm machine gun as a secondary gun with the option of equipping a grenade thrower for smoke grenades, essentially the same armament as the VBCI-35A Renard however lacking the Anti-Tank Guided Missile, and as well equipping an infrared/thermal/night vision electronic sight. The crew is comprised of 3 (commander, gunner, driver), and able to carry 8 passengers. The vehicle is designed to be a complement to the Renard IFV variant, like the previous variant being higher in number due to low cost and overall similar in firepower, having an advantage in the higher number of infantry that it can carry without sacrificing any of them by the space that the main gun takes up.

In the Shfakien War, the IFV was able to keep up pace with it's 8x8 counterpart, deviating from the standard of the Renard operating either alone or alongside other types of vehicles the Tortue on the other hand often moved in packs of the IFV variant. Which helped negate what makes it slightly worse than the Renard in regards to speed, protection and the lack of an ATGM, instead rathering the strategy of pincer attacks in which the 30 mm guns could bear down on and shred incoming enemy vehicles, often acting defensively rather than the Renard's offensive use. The vehicle was operating just find in it's environments and operated far better in amphibious operation in the Bana River Basin than the Renard due to the latter's higher risk of malfunction. Both parties, the crew and infantry inside, reported the vehicle relatively comfortable and no major mechanical issues reported. Rating: [G]

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TMA-40C Tortue - Mortar Carrier - [Y]

The TMA-40C Tortue is the Mortar Carrier variant, this variant lacks a traditional armament, such as the Renard variant is has the same 120 mm mortar equipped. Due tot this it shares the same issues that the vehicle instead of using the post-2022 production models it instead uses the pre-2022 production models which had lackluster performance with proper trajectory and struggle hitting it's targets, it does have the benefit of having more units with post-2022 production models but this issue remains. This has led to same situation in which the performance overall is lackluster, prior to the introduction of the Iverican 'UCAG I Elefante' it acted as a light variant to the only other form of mobile artillery in service that was the TMA-35D it now acts as a light form of that new rapid response role.

In the Shfakien War, the vehicle had similar performance to that of the TMA-35D, suffering the same inaccuracy and same issues that degraded the performance of the tank, and it most certainly did not help that the Tortue is slower than the Renard, meaning these issues were exasperated worse than the Renard's. However, due to the larger number of vehicles that had the post-2022 production models it did aid in establishing a sample that concluded the effectiveness of these modern production models. The vehicle otherwise had good performance in the terrain it operated in and it's crew reported that the vehicle was relatively comfortable, as such with the TMA-35D it is crucial that all models in service lacking the modern armament, that their mortars are replaced with the post-2022 production models. Rating: [Y]

VEM-40D Tortue - Medical Evacuation Vehicle - [G]

The VEM-40D Tortue is the Medical Evacuation vehicle variant, lacking any in all armament prioritising the evacuation of wounded soldiers of which it has a modified back compartment in order to properly provide medical care and aid for multiple soldiers. As the vehicle lacks armament and thus issues with said armament it means that the vehicle is statistically the least often variant to suffer a mechanical issue, while it cannot fit as many wounded men as the VEM-35D Renarde does, it's still efficient in it's actions.

In the Shfakien War, the vehicle was capable of operating under the pressure of an open battlefield with great performance and crews were properly able to respond to MEDVAC calls rapidly and in most conditions. Reports from crew indicate that the vehicle had relative comfort and had been properly kitted with medical staff, overall the vehicle is one of the most successful in it's role and is fitted well. Rating: [G]

VCM-40E Tortue - Command Vehicle - [G]

The VCM-40E Renarde is the Command and Control variant, having the same armament as the VBTT-40A being a 12.7 mm machine gun, the vehicle however unlike the APC variant is focused on mission control. The vehicle is intended to coordinate combat units in order to complete an objective, fully acquitted with more advanced communication technology to be used for datalink. The vehicle is the least produced variant of the Renarde.

In the Shfakien War, the vehicles operational capabilities did meet the expectations and intentions of how the vehicle should conduct and operate, able to coordinate detachments of both infantry and armoured fighting vehicle units. Able to keep the Ground Forces connected as well as in the rare time they would rarely come under fire have the capabilities of properly defending itself and protecting the crew. Rating: [G]

VBD-40F Tortue - Armoured Recovery Vehicle - [Y]

The VBD-40F Tortue is the Armoured Recovery Vehicle variant, armoured recovery vehicles are used for towing vehicles stuck on obstacles, those that are battle-damaged, and/or inoperable vehicles outside of combat scenarios to safety or repair depots, such as Tanks, IFV's, etc. The vehicle aside from certain modifications has equipped an armament of a single 12.7 mm machine gun for self defense as it is expect to enter battlefield scenarios in which enemy AFV's operate. The crew is comprised of 3 (commander, gunner, driver) and features no passengers.

In the Shfakien War, the vehicle was able to operate under the stress of large battlefield scenarios such as Montpellier, Hovd, etc. However the vehicles large profile led to them coming under overwhelming fire, it's advisable that the vehicle may need a larger armour pack in order to cope with the fire that it would come under. The main advantage of the Tortue variant compared to dedicated ARV's in service is it's capability to operate in rougher terrain such as the semi-mountainous environment of the south and the amphibious operations of the Bana River Basin. The vehicle was reported as relatively comfortable for crew and reported minor mechanical issues but nothing too significant, it just needs a new armour package and minor mechanical fixes. Rating: [Y]

VBAA-40G Tortue - Anti-Air Vehicle - [G]

The VBAA-40G Tortue is the Anti-Aircraft variant, it's armament is comprised of three SHORAD (Short-range Air Defense) laser guided SAM (surface-to-air missile) launchers, utilising the same MANPADS (Man-Portable air-defense system) that is used by infantry. The crew is comprised of three (commander, gunner, driver) and lacks any passengers. The vehicle is intended as a missile-based complement to the VBAA-23K Taureau Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft gun built by Tagmatium that uses a 20 mm rotary cannon. The vehicle is often apart of "SHORAD Groups" in which a small network of anti-aircraft vehicles located near combat zones, particularly on high positions in the southern mountains.

In the Shfakien War, the VBAA-40G was proficient in it's role and proved as a valuable asset alongside the Taureau Self-Propelled Anti-Air gun, which disproved a belief amongst certain military strategists in Advocatius that the Tortue variant had eliminated the need for the Taureau. The Tortue lacks sufficient self-defense and is reliant on other vehicles for defending itself, which was an already known aspect of the design so it won't be counted towards the overall grading as the total cost of extra vehicles defending SHORAD groups was already accounted for. The vehicle managed to successfully take down numerous Tengrolhan aircraft, and the crew reported that the vehicle was relatively comfortable and no significant mechanical issues were reported. Rating: [G]

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VBI-40H Tortue - Engineering Vehicle - [G]

The VBI-40H Tortue is the Engineering vehicle variant, and it's dedicated to a wide-variety of battlefield engineering roles, infrastructure and support roles including but not limited to minefield breaching, route denial, dozing and digging tasks, and the erection or demolition of obstacles. The vehicle's armament aside from certain modifications is comprised of a single 12.7 mm machine for self defense for similar reasons to that of the VBD-40F. The crew is comprised of 2 or 3 (commander, gunner, driver) sometimes excluding the gunner.

In the Shfakien War, the vehicle was reported as proficient in it's allocated role being able to operate in all environments encountered in the war comprising of the semi-mountainous south, urban and large battles like Montpellier and Hovd, and the later war Bana River Basin. The armament was capable of defending itself well enough in the few times it did end up in a combat scenario, and was often successful in providing engineering support to vehicles. The crew reported that the vehicle was relatively comfortable and no significant mechanical issues were reported. Rating: [G]

VBCT-40I Tortue - Fire Control Vehicle - [G]

The VBCT-40I Tortue is the Fire Control variant, a fire control vehicle is a vehicle dedicated to using a collection of computers and sensors that directs a weapon where to fire, such as artillery or anti-aircraft equipment control. The vehicle has a light armament of a single 12.7 mm machine gun for self defense. The crew is comprised of 3 (commander, gunner, driver) with space for 8 passengers in order to utilise the technology to direct focus fire.

In the Shfakien War, the vehicle was capable of a directing fire accurately and suffered a relatively low miss rate, data accumulated concluded that artillery and anti-air battery's were often found far more efficient with the VBCT-40I directing them. The vehicle was often not in difficult to reach terrain as artillery often wasn't able to be stationed in those positions, but given the vehicle is very similar to that of the VBTT we're able to say it operated fine in those environments. Both parties reported relative comfort and little to no major mechanical issues. Rating: [G]

EBRC-40J Tortue - Fire Support Vehicle [VERSION FOR EXPORT, NEVER SAW COMBAT]

Overall Rating of the VBTT-40 Tortue and variants: [G]

Edited by Advocatius
Adding the Fire Control Variant (sussyngl) (see edit history)
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AFV Evaluation - VBTT-23 Taureau - VBTT/VBCI/VBAA/PMGA/VCM

Designer: Matapon Harvester Company
Place of Origin: Greater Holy Empire of Arome/Tagmatium
Operators: Socialist Federal Republic of Advocatius, Greater Holy Empire of Arome/Tagmatium
Type: Tracked Armoured Personnel Carrier (+variants)
Cost Per Unit: 300,000 Adapton Solidus ($)
Number of Units: 470 (Majority APC's/IFV's)

Basic Tactical Technical Data:

Length: 4.863 m
Height (not incl. mounts; radar, weapons): 2.5 m
Width: 2.686 m
Weight: 12.3 tonnes
Engine: 6 cylinder 275 HP/205 kW
Max. speed: 67.6 KPH
Operational Range: 480 km
Acceleration:¬†0 ‚Äď 35 KPH - 27 sec
Crew: 3, commander, gunner, driver (2 in VBTT-23A, VCM-23E)
Passengers: 11
Floating Speed: 5.8 KPH
Max. Climbing: 60%
Fording: 1.016 m

Variants Grading

VBTT-23A Taureau - Armoured Personnel Carrier - [Y]

The VBTT-23A Taureau is the Armoured Personnel Carrier variant, the baseline variant originally produced by Tagmatium called the TOMP-IV Diokles purchase in the 70's upgraded by Advocatius to a modern standard. The armament is comprised of a single 12.7 mm machine gun with the option of equipping it with a grenade thrower for smoke grenades. The crew is comprised of 2 (commander, driver) and can carry 11 passengers in it's back compartment, making it capable of carrying more than the VBTT-40A Tortue (8 passengers) and lower than the VBTT-35B Renarde (12 Passengers). The vehicle was originally intended to serve the purpose of dropping of infantry into combat zones and then leaving, however due to the direction armoured warfare took Armoured Personnel Carrier's were required to stay in battlefield scenarios and engage enemy units, as such the vehicle has increased armour on the chassis and a shield around the turret.

In the Shfakien War, the VBTT-23A Taureau served a similar role to the VBTT-40A, given that the Tortue is intended to replace the Taureau in many of it's supportive roles, this was expected, the advantage of the VBTT-23A was that it has a far lower profile and more protection for the infantry manning the machine gun. This made it marginally more efficient for offensive roles where the Taureau managed a first strike, however the armour in place was still far less protective than the Tortue, which concludes that the Taureau needs an updated armour package. It has been reported that many units have been reported to suffer mechanical issues with the engine which degraded performance over the duration of the conflict. The vehicle was capable of operating in all terrains encountered in the war aside from decrease performance in the Bana River Basin, but this was expected. Both parties had reported the vehicle relatively comfortable and aside from the engine no other major mechanical issues were reported, the engine needs to be inspected and a new armour package must be installed. Rating: [Y]

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VBCI-23B Taureau - Infantry Fighting Vehicle - [R]

The VBCI-23B Taureau is the Infantry Fighting Vehicle variant, an Advocatian modified variant of the original VBTT-23A. The armament is comprised of a 100 mm main gun that can fire HE-FRAG (High-explosive fragmentation) projectiles or an ATGM (Anti-Tank Guided Missile), the same gun as that of a Rusic BMP-3, with a 7.62 mm machine gun as a secondary gun. It has a reduced back compartment that can fit 6 passengers and has increased armour plating. The vehicle was created after Volscian-produced BMP-3's were deemed too expensive for Advocatian purchase, and instead the gun was purchased to be placed on a Taureau to meet the requirements of an infantry fighting vehicle. The vehicle has been jokingly nicknamed the 'Travesty' by crews die to it's kit-bashed design and design features that many modern military analysts deem 'terrifying'.

In the Shfakien War, the VBCI-23B Taureau served as the primary tracked infantry fighting vehicle of the war, often being used outside of the semi-mountainous environment of the south that the VBCI-35A and VBCI-40B are used instead being placed in more flatter terrain in large battles like Montpellier or Hovd. The vehicle suffers the same mechanical issues with the engine failures as the VBTT-23A, however because of combat conditions that this variant is more likely to face makes them far more dangerous and more degrading on the overall performance. Alongside needing a far larger modern armour package than the VBTT in order to cope with the more powerful rounds that IFV's are more likely to face that the current model fails to withstand. The vehicle suffers from high vulnerability and mechanical issues, the vehicle needs substantial modifications to keep up on a modern battlefield, it is highly recommendable that we accelerate procedures to purchase the Gallambrian M7A1 Huntsman Infantry Fighting Vehicle, and the VBCI-23B's role should be reduced to minor service in low priority areas and for use in Opposing Forces training. Rating: [R]

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VBAA-23C Taureau - Anti-Aircraft Vehicle - [G]

The VBAA-23C Taureau is the Anti-Aircraft Vehicle variant, rather than VBAA-40G Tortue which uses 3 laser-guided SAM (Surface-to-air missile) launchers, the VBAA-23C is classified as a Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft gun, a Tagmatine built variant purchased by Advocatius in the 70's. It's armament is comprised of a single 20 mm rotary cannon, using a short-range radar and optical lead calculating sight. The vehicle is used for SHORAD (Short-range air-defense) and was the primary anti-aircraft vehicle used by Advocatius until the implementation of the VBAA-40G and the gun now serves as a complement to the missile systems used by the Tortue, both are apart of 'SHORAD Groups' used to defend aerial superiority in high-intensity conflict zones. The crew is comprised of 4 (commander, gunner, driver, loader) being one of the only Advocatian Armoured Fighting Vehicle's with a designated loader.

In the Shfakien War, the VBAA-23C Taureau was successful in it's role, acting similar in efficiency to that of the VBAA-40G, it's main advantage over the Tortue variant is it's better capability for self defense as the gun can be used against light armoured fighting vehicles or infantry whilst the Tortue relies on other vehicles for defense or surrounding infantry, because of this they are more likely to be found operating outside of 'SHORAD Groups' rather than it's contemporary Tortue. The vehicle was less likely to report the similar cases of mechanical issues in relation to the engine presumably because they did not have the same mobility roles. The crew reported the vehicle relatively comfortable and other cases of mechanical issue were found few and far between, overall the vehicle is a far improvement from the previous two vehicle, and it was capable of proficiently achieving it's purpose. Rating: [G]

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PMGA-23D Taureau - Tank Destroyer/ATGM Carrier - [G]

The PMGA-23D Taureau is the Tank Destroyer/ATGM Carrier variant of the Taureau, it is an Advocatian modified variant of the original VBTT-23A built by Tagmatium. It's primary armament is comprised of dual 152 mm wire-guided Anti-Tank Guided Missile's and a secondary armament is a single 7.62 mm machine gun mounted on the back for self-defense against infantry and light armoured fighting vehicles, with the option of equipping it with a grenade thrower for smoke grenades. The vehicle is used for anti-tank warfare, offensively used for reconnaissance and engaging heavy armoured fighting vehicles to clear the way for other vehicle units and infantry and defensively being dug into heavily defended positions used for sniping incoming enemy units. The crew is comprised of 4 (commander, gunner, driver, loader), making it one of the other AFV's in Advocatian service that have a designated loader.

In the Shfakien War, the vehicle acted proficiently in it's role as a tank destroyer, destroying over 40 T-54/55 and 15 T-62 Main Battle Tanks, alongside other AFV's like the BMP-1, BMP-2, BMP-3 and various vehicles apart of the BTR series. The vehicle was capable of operating independently and suffered few losses over the duration of the war, since the VBTT-23A is receiving a new armour package it's likely that the PMGA-23D will require one too for any future conflict despite it not having a severe degrading factor here. Strangely, unlike it's contemporary's the VBTT-23A and VBCI-23B the vehicle lacks any major mechanical defect in the engine since they have similar movement requirements, this is likely because it's latest update package was implemented far more recently and whatever the engine issues are it's likely they were ironed out during when the vehicles were upgraded and refitted. The crew reported the vehicle relatively comfortable and no major mechanical issues were reported. Rating: [G]

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VCM-23E Taureau - Command Vehicle - [G]

The VCM-23E Taureau is the Command and Control variant, a variant built by Tagmatium purchased in the 70's by Advocatius upgraded to a modern standard, It's armament unlike the VCM-35F Renarde and VCM-40E Tortue which use 12.7 mm machine guns the VCM-23E's armament is comprised of a 7.62 mm machine gun. This is because the vehicle is expected more to operate further away from the frontlines than the Renarde and Tortue. The vehicle is focused on mission control, however more often on a much larger scale than the other two units. The vehicle is intended to coordinate combat units in order to complete an objective, fully acquitted with more advanced communication technology to be used for datalink. The vehicle is the least produced variant of the Renarde.

In the Shfakien War, the vehicles operational capabilities did meet the expectations and intentions of how the vehicle should conduct and operate, able to coordinate detachments of both infantry and armoured fighting vehicle units. Able to successfully command large groups on a high-intensity battlefield situation, it often held many fairly high-ranking officers that reported success with the vehicle. It rarely came under fire over the duration of the war and the 7.62 mm machine gun was enough to defend itself for other units to deal with the threat. The crew is comprised of two (commander, driver) and 3 operators, one of which who can mount the 7.62 mm, who reported the vehicle relatively comfortable and few mechanical issues. Rating: [G]

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Overall Rating of the VBTT-23 Taureau and variants: [Y]

Edited by Advocatius (see edit history)
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AFV Evaluation - C-30 Chacal - Main Battle Tank

Designer: Advocatian Armaments Group, Orléans Bureau
Place of Origin: Socialist Federal Republic of Advocatius
Operators: Socialist Federal Republic of Advocatius, Stedorian People's Republic
Type: Main Battle Tank

Cost Per Unit: 4.8 million Adapton Solidus ($)
Number of Units: 194

Basic Tactical Technical Data:

Length: 7.075 m
Height (incl. mounts; turret, weapons): 2.800 m
Width: 3.400 m
Weight: 51 tonnes
Engine: 6 cylinder 1500 HP/1118.55 kW
Max. speed: 70 KPH On Road/45 KPH Off Road
Operational Range: 500 km
Acceleration:¬†0 ‚Äď 30 KPH - 10 sec
Crew: 3, commander, gunner, driver
Passengers: N/A
Floating Speed: N/A
Max. Climbing: 60%
Fording: 5 m

Development History:

The C-30 Chacal Main Battle Tank is based off of the Rusic T-80 Main Battle Tank design produced by the Volsci Republic in the 1970's, the tank was purchased by Advocatius in the late 1980's to replace the aging T-54/55 MBT's in service for the prior decades, supposing a technological leap from the previous few decades of dictatorship post-Advocatian Revolution of 1984. The T-80 was based off of it's predecessors, the T-64 and incorporating some components of the T-72 MBT's, with the primary change being the shift to a gas turbine engine rather than a diesel one. However, the designs purchased by Advocatius was the T-80UD variant, which instead of the gas turbine engine had a diesel one. The T-80UD brought key design features of the C-30 Chacal such as the 125 mm gun, the chassis, the engine, etc.

In the 1990's the Advocatian Government decided to build up it's own native defense industry, in order to mitigate the cost and any lackluster design features in later more advanced developments the Advocatian Armaments Group (AAG) decided to produce it's own MBT based off of the few T-80UD's in service with Advocatius. In 1995 AAG, New Orléans Bureau introduced the first C-30 model prototype, featuring a welded turret instead of cast, as well as improved night sight and fire control systems. Prototypes would evolve into the first mass produced variant in 1999, the C-30A, taking aspects from the prototypes of the preceding half-decade capable of firing laser-beam riding anti-tank guided missiles, reloading mechanism, blowout panels, an automatic transmission and new machine gun. The C-30A was followed by the C-30B which instead of the 125 mm main gun featured a 120 mm main gun in order to fire more modern rounds used by other nations, the variant wasn't successful domestically and was offered for export, and the C-30E was a cheaper variant closer to the original T-80.

In 2009 AAG, New Orléans Bureau unveiled a new upgrade package for the C-30 , due to its substantial improvement and changes and modifications to the design it has been dubbed the C-30 Chacal II. Two variants were made the C-30M which stands as the most advanced modification of the design and the C-30S which is similar however slightly worse due to the fact that it's for export. The new C-30M/S features more advanced armour including new, far more advanced ERA units, new electronic countermeasure systems, alongside updated fire control systems such as thermal imaging sights and anti-aircraft sight and anti-aircraft machine gun control. The tank also features a new style autoloader replacing the previous Rusic carousel autoloader which was reported to have issues with the turret flying off the tank if it exploded resulting in the deaths of the crew and making it far more dangerous, instead the tank features a cassette-style autoloader which allows all ammunition in the bustle storage to be separated from the crew with blowout panels similar to that of the Great Anglian L96 Lionheart MBT.

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(Early XC-30 Prototype undergoing trials in 1998, similar in appearance to that of the original T-80UD.)

Armament/Optics:

The C-30 Chacal uses a smoothbore 125 mm main gun, 7.62 mm coaxial machine gun and 12.7 mm anti-aircraft machine gun. The main gun is fed by an automatic loading system, equipped with conveyor, automatic loader, and control system. The main gun includes a variety of ammunition types including a high explosive fragmentation (HE-FRAG), armour-piercing fin-stabilized discarding sabot (APFSDS) kinetic energy penetrator (KEP), and high-explosive anti-tank (HEAT) rounds. The Chacal II variants (M/S) and the C-30A and C-30B also capable of equipping a laser guided missile against armoured ground vehicles and hovering helicopters within a range of 5,000 m/5 km. The C-30B is only capable of using ATGM's due to the fact that it uses foreign 120 mm ammunition, with 125 mm missiles Advocatius had access to not meeting the standards of the time and thus the capability on the A and E was removed, but it was added on the upgraded A2 in 2015 which comprises all A's in service currently. The missile is capable of firing-on-the-move against moving targets, and the missile features a tandem-charge warhead fitted on the missile capable of defeating enemy tanks equipped with explosive reactive armour (ERA) and advanced spaced armour.

C-30A1 Chacal - 125 mm Main Gun (HE-FRAG, APFSDS, KEP, HEAT), 7.62 mm Coaxial machine gun, 12.7 mm Anti-Aircraft machine gun
C-30A2 Chacal - 125 mm Main Gun (HE-FRAG, APFSDS, KEP, HEAT, 125 mm ATGM), 7.62 mm Coaxial machine gun, 12.7 mm Anti-Aircraft machine gun
C-30B Chacal - 120 mm Main Gun (HE-FRAG, APFSDS, KEP, HEAT, 120 mm ATGM), 7.62 mm Coaxial machine gun, 12.7 mm Anti-Aircraft machine gun
C-30E Chacal - 125 mm Main Gun (HE-FRAG, APFSDS, KEP, HEAT), 7.62 mm Coaxial machine gun, 12.7 mm Anti-Aircraft machine gun
C-30M Chacal II - 125 mm Main Gun (HE-FRAG, APFSDS, KEP, HEAT, 125 mm ATGM), 7.62 mm Coaxial machine gun, 12.7 mm Anti-Aircraft machine gun
C-30S Chacal II - 125 mm Main Gun (HE-FRAG, APFSDS, KEP, HEAT, 125 mm ATGM), 7.62 mm Coaxial machine gun, 12.7 mm Anti-Aircraft machine gun

The vehicle has three forward-facing periscopes in front of the driver's cupola that can be retracted into the hull during combat and the centre periscope can be replaced with a night driving device. The C-30M/S features features an updated fire control system including a gunner's day sight, a VPK-4 commander's panoramic sighting system, thermal imaging sights with a range up to 8 km as well as anti-aircraft sight and machine gun control system. It is also equipped with a ballistic computer, armament stabiliser and various other systems. The advanced fire control system enables the gunner to lay and fire the main gun whilst moving, and against stationary and moving targets can be hit with high first round hit probability. The C-30A1/B/E use last-generation optics whilst the A2 was upgraded to M/S standard.

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(C-30A1 firing a High Explosive Anti-Tank round during a training exercise in 2014.)

Armour/Protection:

As the C-30 is built upon Rusic T-80 tanks, the armour on the C-30A1/B/E variants is comprised of improved similar modular composite on the turret and hull, with the glacis made of laminate armour, the turret made of armoured steel with cavities in the turret cheeks containing a ceramic filling and rubber flaps and side-skirts protect the sides and lower hull. The C-30 initially used Kontakt-5 Explosive Reactive Armour bought from Volsci during T-80UD purchases and throughout the 1990's, these were used for study for the creation of native-built ERA's, in 2011 the Advocatian Armaments Group revealed a natively developed Reactive Armour designated 'Machette' anti-tandem-charge warhead ERA, greatly improving on Kontakt-5 used prior. Before 2011 the all C-30 variants used Kontakt-5 as their primary ERA defence, the C-30M/S use the more advanced Machette-2, whilst the C-30A2 uses Machette-2 only for it's front-side ERA array with the rest being Machette-1, and the A1/B/E used Machette-1 primary.

Alongside the upgraded Explosive Reactive Armour, the C-30 features the Typhoon hard-kill Active Protection System (APS), the system instantaneously destroys enemy incoming Anti-Tank Guide Missiles or rocket projectiles targeted at a tank by counter-firing a munition and destroy/impede the projectile using the systems detection and tracking data, and also improves protection from conventional rounds such as HEAT, HESH and HE-FRAG. This significantly improves the survivability of the tank, it consists of two IR trackers, one fire control computer, two grenade launchers and four interceptor grenades. The tank also features an optronic countermeasures system for deceiving incoming missiles and anti-tank guided weapons. The system integrates laser warning sensors, DIRCM infra-red jammer, and smoke or aerosol screen laying system. The C-30B/E does not use the Typhoon APS whilst the C-30A1/A2/M/S all use the system, the APS on the A1 was added later in it's life prior to the introduction of the A2 design.

C-30A1 Chacal - Kontakt-5 Explosive Reactive Armour (Early), Machette-1 Explosive Reactive Armour
C-30A2 Chacal - Machette-1 Explosive Reactive Armour, Machette-2 Explosive Reactive Armour front-side
C-30B Chacal - Kontakt-5 Explosive Reactive Armour (Early), Machette-1 Explosive Reactive Armour
C-30E Chacal - Kontakt-5 Explosive Reactive Armour (Early), Machette-1 Explosive Reactive Armour
C-30M Chacal II - Machette-2 Explosive Reactive Armour, Typhoon hard-kill Active Protection System
C-30S Chacal II - Machette-2 Explosive Reactive Armour, Typhoon hard-kill Active Protection System

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('Machette-1' and 'Machette-2' Explosive Reactive Armour blocks, replacing the Rusic Kontakt-5.)

Variants:

C-30A1 Chacal - The C-30A1 Chacal, originally designated just C-30A, was the first major production variant and is considered the baseline variant, the tank features a smoothbore 125 mm main gun which uses HE-FRAG, APFSDS, KEP and HEAT munitions, 7.62 mm machine gun and 12.6 mm anti-aircraft machine gun, as well as originally featuring Kontakt-5 ERA that was replaced with Machette-1 ERA and also features Typhoon APS. The tank featured an upgrade in 2015 and as of 2019 all C-30A1 have been upgraded to A2 standard.

C-30A2 Chacal - The C-30A2 Chacal is an upgraded A1 variant, using the same 125 mm main gun which uses HE-FRAG, APFSDS, KEP, HEAT and 125 mm ATGM's which the original A1 does not, 7.62 mm machine gun and 12.6 mm anti-aircraft machine gun, it never featured Kontakt-5 ERA and instead uses Machette-1 ERA primarily and Machette-2 ERA on the front-side and features the same Typhoon APS. The tank was introduced as an upgrade to the A1 in 2015 in order to modernise the tank to M/S standard.

C-30B Chacal - The C-30B Chacal was a prototype tank that never entered major service with Advocatius and instead was offered the export, the main difference was instead of a smoothbore 125 mm main gun, the tank featured a smoothbore 120 mm main gun that uses HE-FRAG, APFSDS, KEP, HEAT and 120 mm ATGM's similar to many tanks in service in nations such as Gaellicia, Gallambria, Iverica, etc, as well as a 7.62 machine gun and 12.6 mm anti-aircraft machine gun.

C-30E Chacal -  The C-30E Chacal was the second major production variant of the C-30, it was intended as a cheaper variant of the C-30A1, it features the same smoothbore 125 mm main gun which uses HE-FRAG, APFSDS, KEP and HEAT munitions, 7.62 mm machine gun and 12.6 mm anti-aircraft machine gun, it featured Kontakt-5 ERA originally and was replaced with Machette-1 ERA later in service, the most notable differences were the fact that the E never received an update like the A1 and the lack of an APS. The tank is now offered as an extremely cheap export, exiting service in 2019.

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(C-30A2 at Advocatian Armaments Group, Hovd Palace Bureau in 2023 driving to the 'Fallback line' during the Defense of Hovd.)

C-30M Chacal II - The C-30M Chacal II was introduced in 2011 as a major upgrade to the original A1/B/E variants, it features the same 125 mm main gun which uses HE-FRAG, APFSDS, KEP, HEAT and 125 mm ATGM's which previous variants could not, 7.62 mm machine gun and 12.6 mm anti-aircraft machine gun, it uses Machette-2 ERA and an improved Typhoon APS upgraded with better sensors and trackers, the tank is considered on par with other modern MBT's and considered more advanced than the Rusic T-90M and T-90M/S variants, which many consider it's main competition.

C-30S Chacal II - The C-30S Chacal II was introduced in 2011 as well and serves as the export variant of the C-30M, it has the same armament a 125 mm main gun which uses HE-FRAG, APFSDS, KEP, HEAT and 125 mm ATGM's, 7.62 mm machine gun and 12.6 mm anti-aircraft machine gun using Advocatian-produced ammunition, it features many of the same systems such as Machette-2 ERA, the improved Typhoon APS, and the same fire control systems, it mainly differs with features such as radio, air conditioning, gun shield, etc, it's main operator is Stedoria.

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(C-30M Chacal II on display in 2019 during an Arms convention in New Worthing.)

Shfakien War Performance:

In the Shfakien War, the C-30 Chacal served at the main battle tank Advocatius used during the war, during the initial stages of the conflict the C-30 was stationed at border posts which saw it enter some of the first combat situations of the war, the tank held up to defensive standard allowing time for civilians to be evacuated and other Ground Forces units to flee to posts further within the country, it managed to easily dominate combat against T-62's and T-64's employed by Tengrolhan and held up well against Great Anglian L96 Lionheart's exceeding projected performance. However the later terrain faced during the stalemate in the southern semi-mountainous environment left the C-30 far less useful, it's role was super-ceded by the C-44 Mangouste Light Tank only operating in flatter environments mostly found in defensive positions, since the T-series design is noticeably faulty at high altitudes and it lacks gun depression possessed by many other tanks in order to shoot downward upon enemy positions.

In urban environments the tank operated well under pressure, it was part of the reinforcements that took back the city of Tasun after the 21st Aerial Drop Shock Troopers seized defensive positions and airfields, it's defensive allowed it to function under the stress of urban combat in the city. In Montpellier where the C-30 saw the majority of it's service and it's most iconic, the tank served as the primary defensive purpose in the battle in both the urban and the fields environment, managing to successfully protect numerous infantry units and light armoured fighting vehicles that were caught in the high intensity combat situations and defeat enemy BMP and T-series tank units. During the Defense of Hovd the tank saw itself on the front of all combat, serving along the first line of defense in holdout boxes as more mobile rapid response units arrived in support, the C-30 was chosen for this role due to it's superior armour that allowed it to proficiently operate during the length of the battle, holding out far longer than any other unit could, although the vehicle fell behind during the later stages of Operation: Kotov Syndrome and the reclamation of land.

During Operation: Papercut and the invasion of Tengrolhan the tank saw newfound relevance, however the successful performance here has to be considered slightly less so than other periods of the war as at this point total air, ground and naval air superiority was achieved, which means other than major battles such as Henin and Kahram, the fronts were more Advocatian dominated. In the inland the tank was capable anti-guerrilla operations since Tengrolhan had employed said tactic's in an attempt to counter Advocatian forces. In major battles such as the assault on Henin the tank had unfortunate performance due to the amphibious operations that were required to properly operate in this environment, this led to the tank falling behind even worse so than during the offensive to reclaim Advocatian southern territory. The tank saw combat in Kahram being incredibly successful in the short-lived siege of the city, due to the environment being far flatter than the rest of the conflict theatre, and the break taken before the assault allowing units to be transported more efficiently and catch up with the rest of the Ground Forces.

Final Rating: [Y]
-
Due to the nature of the environments possessed during the war, a number of mechanical issues were found and the the general features of the tank are undesirable for Advocatius, but the tank
   is otherwise suitable for high intensity combat, and thus export will maintain.

Edited by Advocatius
lui yang (see edit history)
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AFV Evaluation - C-44 Mangouste - Light Tank

Designer: Advocatian Armaments Group, Hovd Palace Bureau and Advocatian Armaments Group, Orléans Bureau
Place of Origin: Socialist Federal Republic of Advocatius
Operators: Socialist Federal Republic of Advocatius, Stedorian People's Republic
Type: Light Tank
Cost Per Unit: 3.9 Million Adapton Solidus ($)
Number of Units: 272

Basic Tactical Technical Data:

Length: 7.5 m
Height (incl. mounts; turret, weapons): 2.5 m
Width: 3.3 m
Weight: 33 tonnes (36 Additional Armour Package)
Engine: 6 cylinder 1000 HP/746 kW
Max. speed: 70 KPH
Operational Range: 469 km (without external fuel drums)
Acceleration:¬†0 ‚Äď 30 KPH - 5 sec
Crew: 3, commander, gunner, driver
Passengers: N/A
Floating Speed: N/A
Max. Climbing: 60%
Fording: 1.1 m

Development History:

The C-44 Mangouste Light Tank was created as a successor to the Rusic design PT-76 Amphibious Light Tank purchased from Volsci in the 1960's, the PT-76 was an aging design that was not viable for service during the modern period, as the original design was from the 1950's and the 76.2 mm gun was outdated. A new Light Tank design was required for operations in the southern semi-mountainous region where Main Battle Tanks like the C-30 Chacal could not operate sufficiently, which due to the antagonistic behaviour of the Imperial State of Tengrolhan to the south was considered extremely important for any future conflict. Key design features would be the implementation of a 105 mm main gun which had been the standard for light tanks since the 1960's and a far heavier design for better protection than the only 14.6 tonne PT-76. In 2005, Hovd Palace Design Bureau was created for improved designs based in southern Advocatius that would be suited to the environment, particularly a new Light Tank design was considered to be a priority amongst the Bureau to replace the PT-76 that left service in the year 2000.

In 2011, Hovd Palace Bureau collaborated with engineer teams as Orléans Bureau in order design a new Light Tank, Orléans was called in for aid with the design process as they are considered the primary tank designers within AAG and this was the first vehicle that Hovd Palace Bureau was designing. The XC-44 prototypes seen prior to 2014 notably featured a different smaller turret, curved upper-front hull, and the drivers hatch was located in the centre of the tank, rather than the left. Unlike the C-30 the C-44 was not based on any pre-existing design, the tank can operate in high altitude's using it's powerful engine and oxygen generators, and the engine gives it a high power-to-weight ratio making it far more mobile than most modern main battle tanks. In 2020 the tank received an upgrade in the form of the C-44A2 and C-44E2, which included improved electronic systems and featuring an active protection system. The tank entered mass production in 2016.

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(XC-44 Mangouste Prototype on trial at Hovd Palace Proving Grounds in 2013.)

Armament/Optics:

The C-44 Mangouste uses a rifled 105 mm main gun, 7.62 mm coaxial machine gun and 12.7 mm remote controlled weapon station (RCWS) machine gun. The main gun is fed by an automatic loading system, equipped with conveyor, automatic loader, and control system, utilising a similar cassette-style autoloader to the C-30M/S Chacal II which is located in the bustle. The tank features a variety of ammunition types such as armour-piercing fin-stabilised discarding sabot (APFSDS), high explosive anti tank (HEAT) and high explosive (HE). It is also capable of using anti-tank guide missiles with tandem high-explosive anti-tank (HEAT) warheads, with a range of 5 km and is capable of engaging low-flying helicopters, in order to engage enemy main battle tanks that 105 mm APFSDS and HEAT rounds have difficulty penetrating the armour of. The high explosive (HE) round is used against enemy infantry positions, light/non-armored vehicles, buildings, and field fortifications mostly for support, the tank is capable of carrying a total of 38 rounds.

C-44A1 Mangouste - 105 mm Main Gun (APFSDS, HEAT, HE, 105 mm ATGM), 7.62 mm Coaxial machine gun, Remote Control Weapon Station with a 40 mm AGL and 12.7 mm machine gun
C-44A2 Mangouste - 105 mm Main Gun (APFSDS, HEAT, HE, 105 mm ATGM), 7.62 mm Coaxial machine gun, Remote Control Weapon Station with a 40 mm AGL and 12.7 mm machine gun
C-44E1 Mangouste - 105 mm Main Gun (APFSDS, HEAT, HE, 105 mm ATGM), 7.62 mm Coaxial machine gun, Remote Control Weapon Station with a 40 mm AGL and 12.7 mm machine gun
C-44E2 Mangouste - 105 mm Main Gun (APFSDS, HEAT, HE, 105 mm ATGM), 7.62 mm Coaxial machine gun, Remote Control Weapon Station with a 40 mm AGL and 12.7 mm machine gun

The vehicle has three forward facing periscopes in front of the drivers cupola that can be retracted into the hull during combat and the centre periscope can be replaced with a night driving device. The C-44A1 and C-44E1 features a similar fire control system to the C-30M/S, the C-44's includes a gunner's day sight, a VPK commander's panoramic sighting system, thermal imaging sights with a range up to 8km as well. With the C-44A2 and C-44E2 adding a laser rangefinder, advanced ballistic computer, meteorological sensors, gunner thermal imaging sight, millimeter-wave radar, which support automatic target tracking, hunter-killer capabilities, and commander takeover. The advanced fire control system enables the gunner to lay and fire the main gun whilst moving, and against stationary and moving targets can be hit with high first round hit probability.

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(C-44A1 (Standard Armour) firing an Armour-Piercing Fin-Stabilised Discarding Sabot round during an exercise in 2022.)

Armour/Protection:

The C-44 features two sets of armour packages mainly providing different tactical purposes. The standard armour package features steel armour with additional layers of advanced composite armour panels that cover the turret, hull, and both sides of the tank, with additional lightweight Machette-1 Explosive Reactive Armour blocks that protect the front side. The additional armour package alongside some Machette-1 Explosive Reactive Armour features the thicker and heavier Machette-2 Explosive Reactive Armour, in additional to composite armour panels layered underneath, covering the whole tank turret and hull, the purpose of this is that it is designed for open area battle under heavy defensive conditions and urban combat.. Machette -1 Explosive Reactive Armour can also be mounted on the armour skirt, and slat armour can be mounted onto the side and rear of the tank for additional protection.

The tank is fitted with a laser warning sensor system in order to detect incoming range finding and anti-tank guided missiles, and this allows the tank to automatically deploy smoke grenades in dischargers should the tank be illuminated by an enemy laser beam, and the tank also features a DIRCM infa-red jammer. The C-44A2/E2 feature the same Typhoon hard-kill Active Protection System as the C-30M/S Chacal II main battle tanks, the system consists of two IR trackers, one fire control computer, two grenade launchers and four interceptor grenades, which allows the tank to instantaneously destroy enemy incoming Anti-Tank Guided Missiles or rocket projectiles, and also improves protection from conventional rounds such as HEAT, HESH and HE-FRAG. The vehicle also features oxygen generators for operations in high altitudes.

C-44A1 Mangouste - Composite Armour Panels, Machette-1 Explosive Reactive Armour (standard) + Machette-2 Explosive Reactive Armour (additional)
C-44A2 Mangouste - Composite Armour Panels, Machette-1 Explosive Reactive Armour (standard) + Machette-2 Explosive Reactive Armour (additional), Typhoon hard-kill Active Protection System
C-44E1 Mangouste - Composite Armour Panels, Machette-1 Explosive Reactive Armour (standard) + Machette-2 Explosive Reactive Armour (additional)
C-44E2 Mangouste - Composite Armour Panels, Machette-1 Explosive Reactive Armour (standard) + Machette-2 Explosive Reactive Armour (additional), Typhoon hard-kill Active Protection System

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(C-44A2 Mangouste (Additional Armour) being transported to the south, displaying Machette-1+2 ERA and Typhoon APS.)

Variants:

C-44A1 Mangouste - The C-44A1 Mangouste is the first major production variant after the XC-44 prototypes, the tank was introduced in 2016, it's armament is comprised of a 105 mm main gun which uses APFSDS, HEAT, and HE munitions, a coaxial 7.62 mm machine gun and RCWS with a 35 mm AGL and 12.6 mm machine gun, the tank features composite armour panels, and only Machette-1 ERA for the standard armour, with the addition of Machette-2 ERA and more composite armour panels for the additional armour. The tank was upgraded in 2020 to the C-44A2.

C-44A2 Mangouste - The C-44A2 Mangouste is the upgraded variant of the C-44A1, it armament is comprised of the same 105 mm main gun which uses APFSDS, HEAT, and HE munitions, a coaxial 7.62 mm machine gun and RCWS with a 35 mm AGL and 12.6 mm machine gun, and composite armour panels, and only Machette-1 ERA for the standard armour, with the addition of Machette-2 ERA and more composite armour panels for the additional armour, with the A2 adding Typhoon APS. The tank was also upgraded with a laser rangefinder, advanced ballistic computer, meteorological sensors, gunner thermal imaging sight, millimeter-wave radar.

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(C-44A2 (Additional Armour) in active deployment in Morokh in 2023 during the Shfakien War.)

C-44E1 Mangouste - The C-44E1 is the export variant of the C-44A1, it's armament is comprised of the same 105 mm main gun which uses APFSDS, HEAT, and HE munitions, a coaxial 7.62 mm machine gun and RCWS with a 35 mm AGL and 12.6 mm machine gun, the tank features composite armour panels, and only Machette-1 ERA for the standard armour, with the addition of Machette-2 ERA and more composite armour panels for the additional armour. It mainly differs with features such as radio, air conditioning, gun shield, and certain systems, etc. It's main operator is Stedoria.

C-44E2 Mangouste - The C-44E2 is the upgraded version of the C-44E2 intended for export, it's armament is comprised of the same 105 mm main gun which uses APFSDS, HEAT, and HE munitions, a coaxial 7.62 mm machine gun and RCWS with a 35 mm AGL and 12.6 mm machine gun, the tank features composite armour panels, and only Machette-1 ERA for the standard armour, with the addition of Machette-2 ERA and more composite armour panels for the additional armour, with the E-2 adding Typhoon APS. It also adds a laser rangefinder, advanced ballistic computer, meteorological sensors, gunner thermal imaging sight, millimeter-wave radar. It mainly differs with features such as radio, air conditioning, gun shield, and certain systems, etc. It's main operator is Stedoria.

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(C-44E1 (Additional Armour) on display outside of Hovd Palace Bureau during an Arms Convention in 2017.)

Shfakien War Performance:

In the Shfakien War, the C-44 was arguably the most successful armoured fighting vehicle that saw service, due to the nature of the environments encountered during the war that resulted in the C-30 Chacal not being able to operate in the majority of battlefield conditions, the Mangouste acted as the primary tank of the Advocatian Armed Forces, in which the 105 mm cannon was not an issue and it could penetrate most of the outdated tanks used by Tengrolhan, and anything it couldn't with conventional rounds proved vulnerable to modern Advocatian 105 mm Anti-Tank Guided Missiles. The Southern Semi-Mountainous terrain proved not an issue for the tank as it was primarily designed for the environment, of which the tank suffered little-to-no mechanical issues due to the environment, and was capable of securing many enemy kills of a variety of units such as T-series Main Battle Tanks, BMP-series, BMD-series and BTR-series vehicles.

The Light Tank operated proficiently in major urban battles such as Hovd and Montpellier. Using it's HE rounds for infantry support against light armoured fighting vehicles and heavily fortified positions such as bunkers and trenches, with the C-44A2's Typhoon APS allowing it to directly engage certain enemy main battle tanks and destroy them using APFSDS and HEAT munitions. The additional armour package significantly increased survivability for the tank in urban zones, but the standard was sufficient for survival as seen in the 21st Aerial Drop Shock Trooper battalions action during the Battle of Tasun early in the war (because the additional armour package is too heavy to airdrop). The tank's mobility of 70 km per hour also allowed the vehicle to easily outmaneuver many enemy tanks and able to reverse out of situations quickly.

The tank was present during Operation: Papercut and the invasion of Tengrolhan, the tank mostly saw action amongst the early front's of the invasion where the southern mountain's levelled into flatter terrain, in which the tank would support more powerful using and give fire support for infantry and other armoured fighting vehicles such as the Renarde or Tortue that they couldn't deal with. The tank also saw action in the rural mountains mostly acting with mobile Renard and Tortue units to kill of Tengrolhan holdout's in order to prevent enemy guerrilla operations during the occupation. The tank saw combat in Henin and the wider assault on the basin, whilst it fell behind due to the swampish environment, it's role was easily filled by the EBRC-35C Renard. In Kahram, it mostly played a similar role to how it did during the initial stages of the invasion, which meant that it operated capably in it's role.

Final Rating: [G]
- The tank was easily capable of operating in all environments that it saw during the conflict, and no major mechanical issues were pronounced, the likely conclusion is that this was the best tank fielded.

Edited by Advocatius (see edit history)
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AFV Implementation - C-56 Panthère - Main Battle Tank

This document will detail the introduction of the new Main Battle Tank C-56 Panthére, the technology implemented into the vehicle, and what the role of the C-30 Chacal Main Battle Tank in the Shfakien War alongside other vehicles during the conflict can be used to improve the doctrine that the new Main Battle Tank will bring to the Advocatian Ground Forces. Considerations such as terrain were considered for it's development, and flatter terrain introduced after the annexation of Tengrolhan should improve the tanks performance than expected. This document will offer details and specifications of the tank, it's armament, optics, active and passive protection, etc.

Designer: Advocatian Armaments Group, Orléans Bureau and (Partly) Krieger Industries
Place of Origin: Socialist Federal Republic of Advocatius and (Partly) Kingdom of @Rhodellia
Future Operators: Socialist Federal Republic of Advocatius, (@Ionio? ), (@Anatea ?)
Type: Main Battle Tank
Estimated Cost Per Unit: 6.75 Million Adapton Solidus ($)
Number of Units on Order: 450

Basic Tactical Technical Data:

Length: 9.71 m (gun forward)
Height (incl. mounts; turret, weapons): 2.25 m
Width: 3.60 m
Weight: 55 tonnes
Engine: 6 cylinder 1500 HP/1118.55 kW Diesel
Max. speed: 70 KPH
Operational Range: 500 km (cruise)
Acceleration:¬†0 ‚Äď 30 KPH - 5 sec
Crew: 3, commander, gunner, driver
Passengers: N/A
Floating Speed: N/A
Max. Climbing: 60%
Fording: 1.2 m (without snorkel), 2.2 m (with snorkel)

Development History:

Main Battle Tanks in Advocatius

Throughout the history of Advocatius, the nation had not invested into the development of it's own native Main Battle Tanks, rathering instead to purchase cheap yet modern vehicles which can be upgraded for longevity. From the early 1960's during the Republic of Advocatius throughout the Civil War during the Fascist Regime of Charles Beaumont and upwards into the late 1980's Advocatius had used the second generation T-54/55 as it's primary Main Battle Tank. The T-54/55 was consistently reliable and effective, the weight allowed the tank to be used in the hilly terrain encountered during the Advocatian Civil War, and the robust suspension enabled the tank to carry a lot of extra weight which had given it great upgrade opportunity. However the Tank was an aging design and was unable to counter enemy tanks as proven during the Advocatian-Parvaquiléen War of 1980, in which the tank was beaten almost effortlessly by superior T-72 units employed by the Parvaquiléen's.

Because of this, the Stratocratic Dictator Charles Beaumont and his cabinet of Generals responded by investing in an upgraded Advocatian variant of the T-54/55, and more importantly and relevantly, they purchased 50 Rusic-designed T-80UD third generation Main Battle Tank units from Volsci. The T-80UD was the variant of the T-80U which used a diesel engine instead of a gas turbine one which allowed for better fuel economy, and the T-80U was further an upgraded T-80 tank. The T-80UD's used in Advocatius also possessed Kontakt-5 Explosive Reactive Armour which offered greater protection from High-Explosive Anti-Tank rounds which were particularly employed by the Parvaquiléen's. The transfer was originally for 75 T-80UD's but the Advocatian Revolution of 1984 which led to the creation of the Socialist Federal Republic of Advocatius had cancelled the purchase.

In the 1990's as Advocatius was currently undergoing an economic and population boom, alongside integrating economically with the rest of Aurelia, this increased the need for newer, more modern main battle tanks, and the increased military spending allowed this an as opportunity. Whilst Advocatian Armaments Group (AAG) were attempting to build Advocatius' own natively produced Main Battle Tanks, the government purchased 60 units of the Anatean BA-40 Mk.1 'Chimera' Main Battle Tanks from Anatea. The tank had roughly similar capabilities to the T-80UD in terms of technology, but had a smaller 105 mm gun than the T-80UD's 125 mm. The Tank was useful for the period, but the overall design lacked modularity that could improve the tanks longevity in service, which meant that the design would be rapidly aging so they were later replaced.

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(BA-40 Mk.I 'Chimera' Anatean Main Battle Tank of Advocatius during 1996.)

The C-30 Chacal

After close to half a decade of design works and various prototypes, Advocatian Armaments Group (AAG) unveiled the C-30 Chacal Main Battle Tank, based on the chassis of the T-80UD tanks purchased in the early 1980's natively produced by Advocatius. The tank was the first native tank development and were mass produced from 1999 onwards, the initial variants the C-30A1 and C-30E were essentially improved T-80UD units that featured various Advocatian systems alongside Anatean ones that were also used in the BA-40 Mk.1 'Chimera'. In 2011, AAG introduced the C-30M variant which featured vastly improved systems including the Typhoon hard-kill Active Protection System, Machette-2 Explosive Reactive Armour, ATGM capabilities, Cassette-style autoloader and bustle, optronic countermeasures suite, etc. The original C-30A1 was upgraded to the C-30A2 in 2015, mainly adding Machette-2 ERA to the frontal arc, various countermeasures and fire control systems of the C-30M and received a bustle-mounted cassette-style autoloader. The tank suffered from issues relating particularly to it's environment in the Shfakien War, which have been a key point of criticism of the tank and one of the main features of the C-56's improvement over it. The tank is expected to leave service for Advocatius but will maintain export available for countries such as Stedoria.

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(C-30M Chacal II at an Arms Expo in 2017.)

Grizzly-Löwe Rhodellian MBT Competition

In 2014, the Rhodellian Armed Forces began a program to replace it's rapidly aging third generation Main Battle Tanks, and were accepting bids from various for a new Rhodellian MBT. Krieger Industries, the primary arms manufacturer of Rhodellia, decided to work with Advocatian Armaments Group, specifically Orléans Bureau, in order to design their contender for the competition. AAG joined the project in the hope that the technology designed during the Prototype stages could later be appropriated for use in an Advocation MBT to replace the C-30, or even using the Rhodellian MBT itself. The C-30 lacked various features that made it undesirable for many instances of future conflicts in unfavourable terrain, particularly in the Southern Semi-Mountainous region, and the T-80 platform while good for general modularity, the profile restrictions made the tank extremely cramped so technology had to be minimized for small chassis and turret, so top of the line equipment could not be integrated as well or had to be integrated on a smaller scale.

After 2 years of a designing period, Krieger and AAG unveiled a prototype in 2017 for the design of the 'Grizzly' Main Battle Tank, the tank weighed 65 tonnes and featured a Rhodellian 120 mm smoothbore main gun. The tank, even though as a prototype was widely considered the most advanced MBT in Aurelia, Krieger and AAG tested the tanks features and combat capabilities to the Rhodellian 3rd Generation MBT and the C-30M Chacal II, and found that even with a less experienced crew the Grizzly operated far more efficiently than both and defeated both in combat testing situations roughly 80% of the time. The Tank was unveiled outside of the Krieger Industries building in Friedrichstadt to a crowd of roughly 10,000 Rhodellians, under the observation of top Rhodellian Army Generals, with Krieger and AAG engineers recording the performance of the tank.

The tank introduced various features, using both Rhodellian and Advocatian built systems for the basis of electronics used for the Prototype. The 120 mm gun featured a thermal sleeve on the barrel equipped with a gun stabilizer configured with a static muzzle reference system (SMRS) to measure the bending of the gun due to heat, gravity, etc. The armour was a newly designed Rhodellian Composite Armour package, the armour had higher ballistic protection than previous Rhodellian composites and features CBRN defensive elements, to protect it from chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear weaponry with sensors to detect them, it also featured advanced add-on Explosive Reactive Armour. Electronics included a newly designed Fire Control system, electric gun and Turret Engagement System, Command and Control Communications and Information System, a Driver Vision System, a Laser Warning System, Remote Controlled Weapon System with a 12.6 mm machine gun, Battlefield Recognition and Identification System, Close Range Surveillance System, and an Active Protection System with both soft-kill and hard-kill system capabilities.

The Grizzly emerged as the primary rival to the contender of the second largest Rhodellian Arms manufacturer, Janbourg Heavy Industries GmbH, who designed the Löwe, which had featured similar armour features and electronic systems with similar capabilities. As other Rhodellian Arms Manufacturers were knocked out from the competition, only the Grizzly and Löwe remained for the final years betwixt 2018 and 2019, due to Rhodellian militaristic culture, 'Grizzly v Löwe' emerged as an extremely divisive topic between each tanks 'fanboys'. 'Grizzly v Löwe' culminated through various internet memes, arguments and some violent attacks in various Rhodellian cities in local pubs as arguments divided many people. In 2019, the Rhodellian Army chose the Löwe as it's primary MBT, which resulted in a riot in Friedrichstadt were 2,000 people were arrested, the Löwe was chosen due to cheaper design with less 'over-engineered' features, but many of the superior features on the Grizzly were added onto the production variant of the Löwe, and Krieger + AAG designed systems were brought back to Advocatius for future use.

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(Grizzly Main Battle Tank undergoing testing for the Rhodellian Army in 2017.)

XC-56

Despite the Grizzly MBT failing the bid to the Rhodellian Army, Advocatian Armaments Group (AAG) still decided to go through with the concept of using the technology developed for the Grizzly in order to design a new Advocatian Main Battle Tank to replace the C-30 for aforementioned reasons in the above section relating to this environment. The basis for the tank would be an Adapton EI Praetor Main Battle Tank unit designed by the manufacturer Tinavallis Defence Industries, which is reflected in the visual resemblance to an early El Praetor prototype designed in the late 1970's by Tinavallis. The El Praetor was used as the base for the design of the XC-56 Prototypes whilst the technology developed from Krieger's joint-venture from AAG was brought back to multiple design bureaus in order for further improvement and restructuring to meet Advocatian specifications.

Various Prototypes were built by AAG, Orléans used for the testing process throughout 2019-2020 in order for estimations on various features such as the composite armour, mobility, etc. Alongside this AAG also built modified C-30 demonstrators that were used to test features that were less due to the design of the tank and more due to factors that would go into the design of the tank, features such as the Explosive Reactive Armour, Active Protection System, Fire Control System's, etc. This allowed AAG to nail down the core design of the tank whilst also saving costs by using pre-existing C-30 units that would've needed more speculative design choices in order to gage their positioning and integration into the tank, allowing the new features to be tested without risk damaging the actual prototypes and being able to build them into the core design of future prototypes.

Eventually, AAG landed on the design of the XC-56 Prototype designated as 'Hooker' for the basis of the production variant of the main battle tank, in which case further Prototypes were built integrating all features into each design alongside fine-tuning for the duration of the rest of the experimental period. By early 2022 the final design was settled on for the full scale production variant of the tank, the tank was estimated to have a cost of around 6.5-7 million Adapton Solidus ($) and was far more advanced than not only the C-30 but most Main Battle Tanks in Aurelia aside from the Rhodellian Löwe and many other modernised MBT's from the rest of the wurld, the XC-56 was designated as the C-56 Panthére (Panther). The assembly line was funded and built to fit a far larger scale production than the C-30 Chacal, and cost far more due to more expensive technology used for the final design, the project was delayed due to the Shfakien War diverting spending to maintaining existing units, building more vehicles already in service, and raising new divisions, however the assembly line is all prepped for mass scale production scheduled for the end of February.

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(XC-56 Panthére Prototype 'Hooker' driving through Orléans on a test, which set the precedent design for future prototypes.)

Armament/Optics:

Armament

The C-56 Panthére uses a smoothbore 125 mm main gun, 7.62 mm Coaxial machine gun and a Remote Control Weapon Station (RCWS) that features a 12.7 mm machine gun and a 40 mm Automatic Grenade Launcher (AGL). The tank features a variety of ammunition types such as including a high explosive fragmentation (HE-FRAG), armour-piercing fin-stabilized discarding sabot (APFSDS) kinetic energy penetrator (KEP), high-explosive anti-tank (HEAT) rounds and Anti-Tank Guided Missiles (ATGM's). The tank fires the new Flèche-24HLT Anti-Tank Guided Missiles which have an effective range up to 12 km, alongside the ability to use further upgraded variants of the ATGM's used in the C-30M Chacal II which with the new gun have an effective range of 100 m to 5 km, and can engage low-flying air targets such as helicopters. The tank's RCWS is operated by the commander and is used for engaging weaker targets that the main gun would've been 'overkill' against, being able to engage enemy units such as infantry and Light Armoured Fighting Vehicles without exposing the commander or sacrificing the ability of the gun.

Instead of the 125 mm main gun used in the C-30 which was in turn based on the Rusic designed 2A46M used on the majority of Rusic tanks such as the T-72, T-80, T-90, etc; the C-56 uses a new Advocatian designed 125 mm gun designated as the CA/11L which has shown to have improved function over the 2A46M gun that Advocatius produced prior. The CA/11L's design has been compared to the Gallambrian 120 mm main gun used on the M3A7 Taipan, this is due to them both using a similarly designed fume extractor to stop fumes from the gun from entering the breach whilst it is open and like the prototype Grizzly MBT, the thermal sleeve of the gun barrel is equipped with a gun stabilizer configured with a static muzzle reference system (SMRS). The APFSDS rounds used has a penetrator that is 900 mm long, and is estimated to be capable of penetrating 1000 mm of Rolled Homogeneous Armor (RHA) equivalent at a distance of 2 km, and uses new controlled-detonation A1282 HE-FRAG munitions. The C-56B1 platform uses a variant of the CA/11L called the CA/09B with a 120 mm cannon.

The main gun is fed by an automatic loading system, equipped with conveyor, automatic loader, and control system, utilising a similar cassette-style autoloader to the C-30M/S Chacal II and C-44 Mangouste which is located in the bustle. The autoloader design was based off of Great Anglian L96 Lionheart Main Battle Tanks captured during the invasion of Suverina and Great Anglia by TRIDENT + Coalition Forces, the autoloader design of the Lionheart was used to improve the reliability of the C-56's autoloader because the autoloader used in the C-30A2/M/S variants suffered from reliability issues which the Lionheart did not possess. The Laser barcode identifier of the autoloader recognizes the classification of pre-barcoded ammunition and selects a type of munition for loading based on mission need. The ammunition is loaded in a 16-shell magazine for ready-to-use, and 24 rounds at frontal hull, carrying a total of 40 rounds for its main armament, which it can fire 10 rounds per minute. In case of ammunition cooking off, the deflagration is vented by two blow-out panels.

C-56A1 Panthére - 125 mm Main Gun (HE-FRAG, APFSDS, KEP, HEAT, 125 mm ATGM), 7.62 mm Coaxial machine gun, Remote Control Weapon Station with a 40 mm AGL and 12.7 mm machine gun
C-56B1 Panthére - 120 mm Main Gun (HE-FRAG, APFSDS, KEP, HEAT, 120 mm ATGM), 7.62 mm Coaxial machine gun, Remote Control Weapon Station with a 40 mm AGL and 12.7 mm machine gun
C-56E1 Panthére - 125 mm Main Gun (HE-FRAG, APFSDS, KEP, HEAT, 125 mm ATGM), 7.62 mm Coaxial machine gun, Remote Control Weapon Station with a 40 mm AGL and 12.7 mm machine gun

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(The C-56 Panthére final production model testing an APFSDS munition at Orléans proving grounds.)

Optics and Electronics

The vehicle has three forward-facing periscopes in front of the driver's cupola that can be retracted into the hull during combat and the centre periscope can be replaced with a night driving device. The Fire Control System (FCS) is comprised of the technology developed from the joint venture of Krieger and AAG for the development of the Grizzly MBT that was improved during the stages between the 2019-2024, it includes AGPS (Advocatian Gunners Primary Sight) which adopts a thermographic camera, and the sight provides 4x and 15x magnifications using the optical system, and 30x and 60x magnifications using a digital image processor, as well as ACPS (Advocatian Commanders Panoramic Sight) which has 360 degrees panoramic, stabilised line of sight, that can also be used for commander-takeover. Which support a lock-on mode, which can acquire and track specific targets up to a range of 9.8 km (6.1 mi) using the thermographic camera, allowing the crew to fire accurately while moving as well as engage low-flying aircraft.

The FCS is also linked to an Extremely High Frequency (EHF) L-band Pulsed Doppler Radar system deployed on the frontal arc of the turret, along with a raman laser rangefinder and crosswind sensor. It also uses an advanced gun stabilizer and trigger-delay mechanism to optimize accuracy while moving in uneven terrain. The system also offers an advanced ballistic computer which provides a real time ballistic solution for 125 mm ballistic ammunition using a 32-bit DSP processor, meteorological sensors to accurately measure and predict climate or weather conditions, a battlefield control system which is used to integrate information acquisition and processing to enhance command and control operations as apart of a wider mission coordinating with VCM-40E Tortue and VCM-35F Renarde command units, an identification friend or foe (IFF) system also used for command and control being able to identify either friendly or enemy units, front and rear surveillance cameras and navigation system, and possesses hunter-killer capabilities.

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(Gunners seat of the C-56 Panthére.)

Armour/Protection:

Passive Protection

The C-56 Panthére utilises a different form of composite armour to the C-30 which was based on the T-80's, which was a composite design with cavities in the turret cheeks containing an ultra-ceramic filling in the shape of balls used in the T-80 and T-64 tanks. The composite design used in the C-56 is a ceramic matrix, which uses a number of carbon ceramic plates clamped together at varying angles specific angles encased in a hollow steel frame, additionally equipped with a fibre-resin spall liner with a layer of Kevlar to protect the crew from spall fragments. Although more expensive than composite used in the C-30, the advantages of ceramic matrix composite over it consist of it's modularity which makes armour easy to replace and can be used as applique blocks, the armour is rigid and has good capabilities in shattering certain kinetic energy penetrator (KEP) munitions, and can deflect shaped charges effectively. However, the armour is still vulnerable to tandem HEAT munitions or very high velocity 'super sabots' and cannot survive multiple hits in the same place.

The C-56 Panthére also features a newly designed Explosive Reactive Armour (ERA), which was designed to cover the weaknesses of the ceramic matrix composite design. Whilst Machette-1 and Machette-2 ERA designs were extremely economical being cheap, modular and replaceable yet more effective than Rusic Kontakt-5 used on the majority of later T-series tanks, they lacked qualities which would cover the weaknesses of the ceramic matrix chosen of the C-56. AAG used the development of Rhodellian ERA designs they had access to during their collaboration with Krieger, alongside additional testing on Machette and Kontakt-5 designs. This led to the development of Kukri Explosive Reactive Armour, the design features large flyer plates and explosive filler placed at varying angles which complement the varying angles of the ceramic in the composite; testing shows that Kukri is proficient in defending against tandem warheads such as HEAT and ATGM munitions, and show a 50% decrease in penetrative ability in APFSDS rounds used in testing which should show a significant decrease in stronger, more modern sabots; and these aspects of Kukri directly cover the weakness of the ceramic composite. Kukri is far more effective than Machette, however the design is tailored specifically to the C-56, which makes it extremely difficult to modify onto the C-30 and C-44 platforms. Kukri is also far more integrated into the hull design, which makes it difficult to spot when not applique armour, lowering the profile and revealing less weak spots.

C-56A1 Panthére - Composite Armour Panels, Kukri Explosive Reactive Armour (+Additional applique armour contains more add on Composite and ERA)
C-56B1 Panthére - Composite Armour Panels, Kukri Explosive Reactive Armour (+Additional applique armour contains more add on Composite and ERA)
C-56E1 Panthére - Composite Armour Panels, Kukri Explosive Reactive Armour (+Additional applique armour contains more add on Composite and ERA)

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(Modified C-30 Chacal demonstrator using Kukri Explosive Reactive Armour, used to test the new equipment.)

Active Protection

The C-56 Panthére utilises an improved variant of the Typhoon APS used in the C-30M/S Chacal II Main Battle Tank and C-44A2/E2 Mangouste Light Tank, designated as the Typhoon-M hard-kill Active Protection System. Typhoon-M utilises the same technology consisting of two search and tracking radars, two IR trackers, one fire control computer, two grenade launchers and four interceptor grenades. The primary differences between Typhoon and Typhoon-M would be the factors of integration and detection; whilst the C-30 was modified to hold the system, the C-56 has the system far more integrated into the tanks design and systems, offering protection for the systems components and not raising the profile significantly; the search and tracking radars have also been significantly improved, being able to detect faster moving projectiles making the system more capable against modern munitions, as well as the grenade launchers having a faster turning and firing rate, making them more responsive and reliable. It uses a Frequency-Modulated Continuous Wave radar which can detect rockets and AGTM's flying 100 to 150 meters from the tank when the projectile approaches the range of 10 to 15 meters near the tank, it fires a 100 mm interceptor grenade from the grenade launcher which neutralizes the projectile. The system is extremely capable against rockets and ATGM's, as well as being capable of intercepting HEAT, HESH and HE-FRAG munitions, the system is also in the early stages of intercepting lower speed sabots, whilst likely not very combat relevant provides the technological capability of Advocatius to develop an APS that can utilise that capability fully.

The C-56 Panthére is also additionally equipped with a Radar Warning Receiver (RWR) and Laser Warning Receiver (LWR), which is capable of detecting homing radar or homing laser aimed at the tank which notifies the crew of the specific direction of the incoming radar or laser, enabling the crew to respond; and also the system is also capable of automatically notifying friendly units of the position via the networking and IFF system. The C-56's laser warning sensors system can also detect ATGM's, as well as additionally automatically deploys smoke grenades in dischargers should the tank be illuminated by an enemy laser beam, the smoke grenades blocks visible and infrared view of the tank from enemy units. The tank alongside this features a Directional Infrared Counter Measure (DIRCM) dazzler unit, the unit acts as an electro-optical disruptor against range-finders, designators, and ATGMs reliant on laser guidance or infrared homing, often described as an 'infrared-jammer' on previous units that used the system such as the C-30A2/M/S and C-44A1/A2/E1/E2; although however the system on the C-56 is improved due to the fact that it is more integrated into the tank resulting in better awareness for the system to counter enemy units and the system has more space to operate rather than the C-30's design based off the T-80.

C-56A1 Panthére - Typhoon-M hard-kill Active Protection System, Directional Infrared Counter Measure dazzler unit, 12 (6 on each side of the turret) Screening Smoke Grenades
C-56B1 Panthére - Typhoon-M hard-kill Active Protection System, Directional Infrared Counter Measure dazzler unit, 12 (6 on each side of the turret) Screening Smoke Grenades
C-56E1 Panthére - Typhoon-M hard-kill Active Protection System, Directional Infrared Counter Measure dazzler unit, 12 (6 on each side of the turret) Screening Smoke Grenades


(Typhoon-M hard-kill Active Protection System unveiled at an Arms Expo in Victoires.)

Miscellaneous Features:

The C-56 is equipped with a suite of systems for operating in mountainous and semi-mountainous regions, as well as other potentially hazardous conditions. The tank features positive pressure device and air conditioning equipment which alongside being beneficial to crew comfort, protect the tank crew from chemical and biological weaponry and conditions; additionally an automatic fire suppression system is programmed to detect and put out any internal fires that may occur, and atmospheric sensors are able to alert the crew and other friendly units in the region should the tank enter a hazardous environment. Oxygen generators release oxygen via a chemical reaction which allow the tank to operate in high altitudes which typically have low atmospheric pressure which result in low oxygen saturation levels or desaturation of a crew members blood.

The C-56, similar to the Main Battle Tank of Great Anglia, Tagmatium and Gaellicia, features a boiling vessel, which is used for preparing food and drinks for the crew without having to leave the tank. The reason this done is because unlike most other Main Battle Tanks concurrently in service with other nations, the C-56 is excepted to be capable of operating alone, particularly in mountainous regions for long periods of time, which means a method serving the crew with heated commodities without having to exit the tank. The reason this wasn't used on the C-30 Main Battle Tanks is due to them lacking sufficient space without cramming the crew any further, because the C-56 is based off of the El Praetor from Adaptus which prioritises crew comfort, this is no longer and issue; as for the C-44, there is talk of a minor upgrade package to fit boiling vessels to existing C-44A2/E2 units.

The C-56 also features gravel emplaced vertically on the outside surface of the tanks armour as well as it's applique ERA and composite blocks. The gravel is used for enhanced grip which allows tank crews to climb into the tank far more easily without slipping in wet scenarios such as heavy rain and mud and allows for more efficient Tank desant; a combined arms tactic in which infantry travel into battle on the top of tanks, which is important for operations in rural-mountainous areas and situations where there are no infantry fighting vehicles or armoured personnel carriers to transport infantry. The gravel also technically counts as a form of protection but is only remotely effective against small arms fire, which isn't very significant in the first place as the armour is near-completely immune to such small fire, but it's still technically a benefactor to defense.

One of the C-56's most significant improvements over the C-30 is the hydro-pneumatic suspension, which allows for superior ride quality on a variety of surfaces, combining the advantages of hydraulic systems and pneumatic systems so that gas absorbs excessive force and liquid in hydraulics directly transfers force. The primary advantage of a hydro-pneumatic suspension is the control that it offers over it's tracks, which allows the tank to "sit", "stand" and "kneel", as well as "lean" towards one side; by sitting the tank lowers it's profile which allows additional safety for the crew when in cover, and by kneeling or leaning the tank is able to fire lower, allowing more effective gun depression which is significant for high altitude operations where most engagements involve firing at targets below or above.

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(XC-56 Panthére demonstrates it's Hydro-pneumatic Suspension Unit, kneeling forward.)

Variants/Foreign Interest:

Variants

C-56A1 Panthére - The C-56A1 Panthére is the variant of the tank chosen for primary production for service in Advocatius, the tank features a 125 mm smoothbore main gun which uses HE-FRAG, APFSDS, KEP and HEAT munitions, as a secondary armament it features a 7.62 mm coaxial machine gun and Remote Controlled Weapon Station (RCWS) with a 12.7 mm machine and and 40 mm Automatic Grenade Launcher operated by the Commander; the tank features ceramic matrix composite armour and Kukri Explosive Reactive Armour that can both be applied in Applique form, as well as featuring Typhoon-M hard-kill Active Protection System, Directional Infrared Counter Measure dazzler unit, 12 (6 on each side of the turret) Screening Smoke Grenades.

C-56B1 Panthére - The C-56B1 Panthére is an export variant of the tank, the tank instead of a 125 mm gun features a 120 mm smoothbore main gun which uses HE-FRAG, APFSDS, KEP and HEAT munitions, as a secondary armament it features a 7.62 mm coaxial machine gun and Remote Controlled Weapon Station (RCWS) with a 12.7 mm machine and and 40 mm Automatic Grenade Launcher operated by the Commander; the tank features ceramic matrix composite armour and Kukri Explosive Reactive Armour that can both be applied in Applique form, as well as featuring Typhoon-M hard-kill Active Protection System, Directional Infrared Counter Measure dazzler unit, 12 (6 on each side of the turret) Screening Smoke Grenades. It's mainly directed towards allies that already use the 120 mm gun. It's features worse systems but is not significant to the overall performance to the tank and it is capable to be modified by the nations buyer.

C-56E1 Panthére - The C-56E1 Panthére is an export variant of the tank, the tank features the same 125 mm smoothbore main gun as the A1 which uses HE-FRAG, APFSDS, KEP and HEAT munitions, as a secondary armament it features a 7.62 mm coaxial machine gun and Remote Controlled Weapon Station (RCWS) with a 12.7 mm machine and and 40 mm Automatic Grenade Launcher operated by the Commander; the tank features ceramic matrix composite armour and Kukri Explosive Reactive Armour that can both be applied in Applique form, as well as featuring Typhoon-M hard-kill Active Protection System, Directional Infrared Counter Measure dazzler unit, 12 (6 on each side of the turret) Screening Smoke Grenades. It's mainly directed towards allies that already use the 125 mm gun. It's features worse systems but is not significant to the overall performance to the tank and it is capable to be modified by the nations buyer.

Foreign Interest

The C-56 has already received foreign interest from two nations as of currently, specifically the C-56B1 variant which uses the 120 mm cannon, which makes it more successful than the C-30B variant which hasn't yet received major foreign interest throughout it's lifetime. The 120 mm of the C-56B1 is mainly directed towards allies that already support the infrastructure to use 120 mm ammunition, whilst many nations derive their munitions from 125 mm Rusic equipment the 120 is still predominant in many developed nations. The two countries that have expressed foreign interest are the Federal Republic of Ionio and Republic of Anatea; Ionio is interested in the C-56 either replacing or conjoining in service with their current Main Battle Tank the Luce, the primary fault of the Luce is it's lack of significant protection, it only features a steel and composite blend as it's armour, lacking an active protection system and many other technological protection features, alongside the ceramic matrix composite and Kukri ERA of the C-56 offering objectively more protection for the tank and it's crew. Anatea is interested in the tank replacing it's existing BA-40 Mk.III Chimera, and complementing their existing GA-VI Tauros Main Battle Tanks produced by Tagmatium, which has only remained in service out of necessity, as the tanks design has been outdated compared to other MBT's for decade, the C-56 is less definitive than Ionio on whether it will be exported, with the Anatean military still considering the option. Many have referred to Stedoria as a potential buyer as they purchase the export variants of the C-30 Chacal and C-44 Mangouste, but as of currently, no official interest has been expressed.

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(C-56E1 Panthére demonstrator on display at an Arms Convention in Victoires advertising to foreign nations.)

Shfakien War Applications:

The Shfakien War that plagued Advocatius from¬†4th December 2022 ‚ÄĒ 25th September 2023, lasting 295¬†days is extremely applicable and vital to how the C-56 Panth√©re should be implemented into the Advocatian Ground Forces, as it can inform us of the role of Main Battles Tanks in the Ground Forces and what improvements can be made to doctrine and the improvements that the C-56 has to performance, this section of the document will directly describe that. The C-30A2/M Chacals were the primary MBT's used by Advocatius for the duration of the war, which notoriously suffered from design, relative to environment, the semi-mountainous environment of the south represented a reasonable challenge to the Chacal; the Chacal is based off of the Rusic T-80UD tank of which T-series tanks are notorious in their faults when operating at high altitudes, and the low mobility of the C-30 relative to most other Armoured Fighting Vehicles in use with the Ground Forces led to the tank failing to support other vehicles in which a tank would be vital to tactical success and not being able to keep up with other units in strategic operations.

Because of this, the C-44 Mangouste Light Tank often took precedence over the C-30 during the war, the C-44 was far more efficient in the semi-mountainous environment as mentioned prior mainly due to it's intention to operate in that environment; rather than being based off of a pre-existing design the C-44 was built by and for Advocatius and thus was more appropriate be used in the wide variety of terrain in many of Advocatius' territories which are challenging to operate in. The C-44 was roughly 20 tonnes lighter than the C-30, which alongside other features such as positive pressure and air conditioning devices, allowed the tank to perform combat roles at high altitudes, which gave the tank a range advantage against many of Tengrolhan's T-series tanks that they used. The Mangouste was extremely successful in other theatres as well performing fire support roles and successfully pushing well above it's weight eliminating many enemy Main Battle Tanks.

The C-56 Panthére was primarily designed prior to the war in Advocatius, but many of the factors in play that led to the downfalls of the C-30 Chacal in the environment and the success of the C-44 Mangouste were already well known even before they were deployed for the war. As such AAG was already well aware of the capabilities, features and technology that would be required for a successful Advocatian Main Battle Tank, features such as a hydro-pneumatic suspension, boiling vessel, gravel, high altitude equipment were implemented, as well as defensive and offensive features such as improved weapon systems and ammunition, and improved composite and explosive reactive armour coupled with an improved APS system. C-56A1 units set for Advocatian production have been tested in battlefield conditions reenacting Shfakien War scenarios such as the Battle of Montpellier, Tasun, Hovd, Henin, Kahram, etc, and have shown 80% improved operational capabilities even with lesser trained crews.

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(Two C-56A1 Panthére's firing during an exercise replicating the Defense of Hovd in place of C-30 Chacal's.)

Final Overview:

Overall, the C-56 Panthére has various improved features over the C-30 Chacal that allow it to operate in a wide range of hazardous environments both inside and outside of Advocatius. The tank has by far more protection than it's predecessors and outclasses many other modern main battle tanks in service with various aggressive and even friendly nations. The tank has by far one of the most effective 125 mm ammunition and it's new fire control systems give the tank supremacy in networking, targeting and other general systems. The tank has received far more successful export interest than the C-30, and has the capacity to unite the militaries of Aurelia under one Advocatian tank. Overall Rating: [G]

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(First 10 C-56A1 Panthére units preparing to enter service for the Advocatian Ground Forces by 01/03/2024.)

Edited by Advocatius (see edit history)
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