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[FACTBOOK] Politics in Florentia


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Political parties (1/2)

Nation-sized parties

Constitutionalist Union (Union Constitutionnelle)

Founded: 19 March 1804
Ideologies: liberal-conservatism, parliamentarism, moderate monarchism
Factions: free-market (majority), anti-slavery (majority), industrialism (minority), conservatism (minority)
Important members/affiliated:
- Désiré de Belleville, Senator of Javiosia and Confederal Chancellor
- Charles Brisquet, Secretary of State of Foreign Affairs

The Constitutionalist Union is the biggest party in Florentia, but also the first, founded by the constitutionalist militants – composed of merchants, manufacturers and intellectuals – when they obtained from the King of Javiosia the writing of a constitution, and the creation of a local parliament. Since, almost all the Javiosian Prime Ministers were from the Constitutionalist Union.
The party is also present in Lasoda (leading party, in a coalition with the Stillian Legitimist Party), Rivière de Juillet (leading party) and Coayard (opposition party, in a monarchist coalition). Finally, the party was also leading Tyronie before the local military did a coup d’Etat, in the 2000’s.

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People's Action (Action Populaire)

Founded: 8 November 1896
Ideologies: Christian socialism, left-wing populism, progressivism, anti-communism, anti-slavery
Factions: centralism (majority), republicanism (minority)
Important members/affiliated:
- Hugo Dellague, Senator of Bayave and de facto dictator of Bayave (despite not being the official governor)
- Rosie de Varelle, wife of second Prince Ambroise-Alexandre de Varelle

The People's Action is the only left-wing party of Florentia (except the Liberty Union in Coayard). The goal of the party is to fight poverty, advocating that everybody is equal in front of God and the all the rich should share their wealth. They also do that to avoid any socialist uprising. Indeed, if there is no poverty anymore, there is also no red danger. They are very popular amongst the little folks.

They are present in Bayave (leading party), Javiosia (main opposition party), Rivière de Juillet (main opposition party) and Yalme (main opposition party).

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State-sized parties

Free Lysian Action (Action Libre Lysienne)

Founded: 29 May 1958
Ideologies: white supremacism, republicanism, pro-slavery, right-wing populism, authoritarianism
Factions: state-capitalism (majority), chauvinism (majority)
Important members/affiliated:
- King Ursule VI of Abalavier support of party (even if not being a member)

The Free Lysian Action was founded in reaction of the ban of slavery in Narizonia. Profiting of the terrible economic situation of Florentia, they got power in Narizonia in 1963. They re-established slavery in the State, instituted censor-ship of medias and began harassing political opposition. Since, they always managed to keep power, acting de facto as a vanguard party. Even if free elections are still hold, all the candidates are from the party because it is just too dangerous to oppose them in Narizonia. They are supported by the reactionary little bourgeoisie and the land-owners.

They are present only in Narizonia, even if they have support from the King of Abalavier.

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Stillian Legitimist Party (Parti Légitimiste Stillien / Partido Legitimista Stilliano)

Founded: 02 August 1846
Ideologies: Stillian nationalism, protectionism, moderated monarchism, conservatism
Factions: absolute monarchism (minority), pro-slavery (minority)
Important members/affiliated:
- Duke Eduardo II of Lasoda

The party was created by Stillian nationalists to obtain independence. After a revolt in 1849 and negotiations, the Duchy of Lasoda, corresponding to the former colony bought to Iverica, was released from the Kingdom of Nouvelle-Creuse and is since considered as a state. They have always been very popular but, recently, began to decline because of a youth tired of their conservatism, which forced them to do an alliance with the Constitutionalist Union to stay in power.

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Edited by Florentia (see edit history)
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Political parties (2/2)

  • State-sized parties

          1. Parti Républicain (Republican Party)

Founded: 18 September 1912
Ideologies: libertarianism, laissez-faire, social conservatism, republicanism
Factions: pro-segregation (majority), anti-slavery (majority), nationalism (minority)
 
The Republican Party is born during the Wild Revolution, from a liberal movement called "Les Fils de la Liberté" (The Sons of Liberty). The Wild Revolution happened in the three northern states of Coayard, Narizonia and Saint-Isidore, all part of the "Wild North", and led to the end of the three northern monarchies. 
 
At it's birth, the Republican Party was a classical liberal party. However, as a reaction to the politics of its neighboors (socialists in Coayard and far-right in Narizonia), they slowly adopted a socially conservative, libertarian and neoliberal agenda. Because of them, Saint-Isidore is the only Florentian state to experience 20th century capitalism and mass consumerism, while the rest of the country always had a more or less paternalistic economy.
 
Even if they always achieved to stay in power because of their legitimacy, as fathers of the Saint-Isidorean republic, the Republican Party is also the source of several minor financial crisis which became worse because of them. 
 
They hold a fragile majority in Saint-Isidore. 
 
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          2. Alternative pour Saint-Isidore (Alternative for Saint-Isidore)
 
Founded: 2 January 2011
Ideologies: libertarian socialism, left-wing populism, anti-segregation, mutualism (aka Proudhon's theory)
Factions: Syndicalism (majority), direct democracy (majority)
 
The APSI is the newest major party in Florentia. It was created after the collapse of a major magnesium mine - which led to numerous dead or injured miners -, when the government refused to enforce security measures on local exploitations.
 
Thanks to a populist and social agenda, and a respect for the regional taste for freedom, the party grew extremly rapidly. Despite a massive repression by the local lobbys, the party can count on the support of the Coayardard and Bayavian governments. 
 
They are currently in the opposition in Saint-Isidore.
 
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          3. Union de la Liberté (Liberty Union)
 
Founded : 22 August 1912
Ideologies : Social-democracy, republicanism, anti-slavery
Factions : Syndicalism (majority), social-liberalism (majority), socialism (minority), social christianism (minority), statism (minority), keynesianism (minority), environmentalism (minority), libertarian socialism (minority), radicalism (minority), left-wing populism (minority), agrarianism (minority), industrialism (minority)
 
The Liberty Union has been created at the beginning of the Wild Revolution, from the merger of the Syndicat des Mineurs de Transborrie Occidentale (Trade Union of the Miners of Western Transborria), the Union Agraire Indépendante (Independant Agrarian Union) and the Mouvement Social et Orthodoxe pour les Travailleurs de Coayard (Social and Orthodox Movement for the Workers of Coayard). 
 
Thanks to his historical diversity, the party always dominated the Coayardard political landscape. However, disputes are common within the party, which affect its capacity to act with efficiency.
 
It is also the only party of Florentia to consider itself as socialist because of its syndicalist origin, even if most of the party isn't socialist anymore. However, it means that he is seen with mistrust by most Florentians.
 
The Liberty Union is currently in power in Coayard, against a monarchist coalition.
 
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  • When there isn't democracy
          1. Tyronie's military junta
 
Founded: 11 september 2003
Factions:
- Auguste Makharture's clique (currently in power) : nationalism, regionalism, laissez-faire, social conservatism, pro-slavery
- Hugues Longuet's clique (minority) : nationalism, statism, populism
 
In 2003, the Constitutionalist Union obtained for the first time a majority in Tyronie. Afraid by this liberal majority, the state army toppled the Tyronian democracy and installed a military junta. What was supposed to be (and is officially still) a temporary government never went away. However, as the regime seems to deepen its roots, a minority in the state army has rallied around the general Hugues Longuet, a corporatism sympathizer.
 
 
          2. Abalavier's absolute monarchy
 
Founded : 1789, during the Florentian war of independance
Factions :
- King Ursule VI of Abalavier : pro-slavery, regionalism, traditionalism, absolute monarchism, white supremacy
- Prince Ursule-Théodore of Abalavier : anti-slavery, prussian monarchism, populism, keynesianism
 
The situation of Javiosia and Abalavier could be compared to Vienna and Budapest under Austria-Hungary. The first one is the nation's heart of liberalism, while the other one is led by reactionnaries. Indeed. Abalavier has always been the heart of Florentian traditionalism and racism, encouraged by the local dynasty.
 
Since the beginning of his reign, Ursule VI tightened his grip, constantly fearing a revolution. The Abalavians feel it, and they don't like it. Plus, the promises of democracy from the young Prince didn't help stabilizing the King's rule, because now they prefere the son.
 
 
  • The typical Florentian party
 
The governing parties of Yalme (National-Liberal Party of Yalme), Nouvelle-Vendée (New-Vendean Party) and Nouvelle-Creuse (Legitimist Party of Nouvelle-Creuse), but also most of the minor regional parties, have all a similar profile.
 
Founded : 1810s-1910s, when the state installed democracy for the first time
Ideologies : pro-slavery, regionalism, paternalism, social conservatism, right-wing populism
 
All of them are founded by landowners (i.e. nobility) and, usually, supported by a reactionnary petty bourgeoisie. Most of them had for a very long time a de facto political supremacy on their respective states, until relativly recently. 
Edited by Florentia (see edit history)
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