22 June 2020
For several days on the regional news and on Solisea News the government had announced a referendum about the reduction of fuel use to modernize the country with clean energy.
Since 2005 Anatea tried to obtain renewable energy so as not to spend too much money on the import of petrol and raw materials, trying to avoid the use of nuclear energy which, according to a referendum and a law that later became reality, was prohibited in energy and military field in 1990.
Now, on June 22, the Set party (center-right and supporter of the continued use of oil) and the Lucet party (center-left and supporters of the use of renewable energy) had to convince members of the Senate to obtain a majority to prevent or put into practice the development of renewable energy for the country.
The first blow was given by the minister of the Lucet party, Lucas Fisher, highlighting the advantages to the ecosystem, very dear to Anatea, and the reduction of waste of primary resources such as gasoline or mantain the continuous disuse of nuclear energy which Anatea has always tried to avoid to use. This move would also be able to help industries and businesses to spend less money on the import and use of oil, removing a net 10% of expenses to give more income to improve businesses or hire other workers to increase the efficiency.
All was received very well by most of the senators, finding many of them applauding, but Fulvio Silani, current prime minister and head of the Set party, had to reply to the last proposal: if on one hand the use of renewable energy would have reduced emissions and given a 10% profit percentage to companies, on the other it would have required heavy expenses to convert energy suppliers or build / connect their plants to already built energy sources.
Along with that huge expenditure, it should have even been noticed that many kind of jobs where the use of primary energy sources had priority would have been closed, causing many citizens to lose countless jobs.
The Senate actually calculated that the timing was not yet too ripe for such a change, welcoming Mr. Silani's criticism with uncertain applauses, but Mr. Fisher managed to reply to everyone's surprise: if this change would have given problems to the current industries, even closing some of them, on the other hand this would have intensified the formation of new IT jobs or through the use of the web, in which Anatea had gaps. This would have led Anatea to develop the tertiary sector, being able to create more jobs with very low maintenance costs, and give a lot of competition to foreign companies outside the territory.
The unexpected intervention was greeted by other applauses from the Senate, who seemed increasingly convinced of knowing which way Anatea would have taken, which was then followed by the vote which lasted about twenty minutes. After 3 hours of debate and voting the results were elaborated and counted: 45 in favor of the introduction of renewable energy at national level, 41 against and 14 abstentions.
Despite the victory, however, this reform would have taken years to be introduced and completed, as Anatea's economic status would have struggled to renew the national industry in very short times and costs. It was a bitter victory but full of future promises.
Nation Name: The Most Serene Republic of Mauridiviah
Indigenous Nation Name: La Serenísima República de Mauridiviah
Government Type: Constitutional Unitary Presidential Republic (The government can also be described as Liberal Social Democracy).
Head of State & Government: President Diego Polo
Branches of Government:
Executive- The President, the Vice President, and the Cabinet form the executive branch.
-The President of the Republic: This office is elected every 5 years by citizens capable of exercising civil and political rights (see Electoral Branch) in a first-past-the-post single national constituency election by recieving at least a plurality of votes. The President must be a citizen of the Republic, at least 18 years of age, be capable of exercising civil and political rights, and have resided within the Republic's borders for at least 5 consecutive years. The President acts as the Speaker of the Senate as well as leading the executive branch. The President has both full veto and line-item veto power, can cast a vote in the legislature regarding the creation of new laws, break ties in the Senate, appoint members of the Cabinet, call referendums on matters of the state, answer petitions on behalf of the state, meet with representatives of other nations as the representative of the Republic, and enforce laws to their discretion. The President serves as both the Head of Government and the Head of State for the Republic.
-The Vice President of the Republic: This office is to be elected in tandem with the President, the holder of this office being the person who recieved the second most votes. The Vice President shall succeed the President if he is impeached, incapacitated, or otherwise absent. The Vice President officially heads the Cabinet. The requirements to be Vice President are identical to those of being President. The Vice President, alongside the Cabinet, advice the President.
-The Cabinet: Members of the Cabinet vary in number and in composition throught a President's term. A Cabinet member's title is simply "Secretary of (Power)", for example a Cabinet member could be the "Secretary of Foreign Relations". A Cabinet member is someone who the President has bestowed upon a certain amount of his executive power in a certain area to accomplish certain things. A Cabinet member must be a citizen of the Republic, and at least 18 years of age upon being appointed. The Senate has to approve all Cabinet appointments that are made of citizens who are not currently serving members of the Senate. The Cabinet can vote to force the impeachment process of any sitting member of the executive, including the President and Vice President, to begin.
Legislature- The legislature is a unicameral chamber of representatives called the Senate.
-The Senate of the Republic: This is the legislative body of the Republic. It is in charge of passing, revising, repealing, and examining the laws of the Republic. In order to pass a law, a majority of votes must be cast in its favor. In order to repeal a previous law, a majority of votes must be cast in favor of repealing said law. In order to overturn a presidential full veto, 2/3 of the legislature must vote in favor of passing the vetoed bill. In order to overturn a presidential line-item veto, 3/5 of the legislature must vote in favor of passing the vetoed bill. Members of the Senate are elected through a proportional single transferable vote election from many multi-member constituencies. The Senate is composed of 1,049 members. The Senate is subdivided into Ministries that focus on certain issues. Members choose what ministries they join, and from its membership members elect a leader, who then becomes the Minister of that Ministry.
-Senators: In order to be a Senator, a candidate must be a citizen capable of exercising civil and political rights, at least 18 years of age, and be elected through a fair election by fellow citizens capable of exercising civil and political rights.
Judicial- The Judicial Branch is composed of the Supreme Court.
-The Supreme Court: The Supreme Court, acting as the highest court of appeals and lording over all other courts in the nation, as well as having the power of judicial review (the power to determine the constitutionality of laws or executive actions), is composed of 33 elected/appointed judges serving 10 year terms. The judges are elected in thirds, each having their own means of election.
First Third: This third is directly elected by the people through ranked pairs in a single national constituency election every 10 years. Second Third: This third is appointed by the Senate of the Republic through a vote. Third Third: This third is chosen by a first-past-the-post election conducted by the College of Lawyers. -The College of Lawyers: An institution composed of all persons certified in law or a related practice by a reputable institution.
-Supreme Court Justices: In order to be a Supreme Court Justice, a candidate must be capable of exercising civil and political rights, at least 25 years of age, certified by a reputable institution in law or a related subject, and be appointed or elected.
Electoral- The Electoral Branch is composed of the Elections Comission and headed by the two Censors.
-The Elections Commission: The Elections Commission is the organization that handles elections and censuses within the Republic. It is composed by various administrative officials and volunteers, with positions of importance being appointed by the Censors and subject to impeachement by the Senate. The Censors together oversee the functioning of this institution.
-The Censors: The Censors are officials elected by citizens capable of exercising civil and political rights in a free, first-past-the-post election every ten years. The same person can serve as a Censor an unlimited amount of terms, however these terms cannot be consecutive. The Second Censor is the runner-up winner of the election to the First Censor. They both have equal power in the Elections Commission, and can veto any action within it. In order to be a Censor, a candidate must fulfill the same requirements as those of a Senator.
-"Capable of Exercising Civil and Political Rights": A citizen capable of exercising civil and political rights is a citizen that has met all the necessary requirements or not been disqualified through criminal activities.
-Basic Requirements to Vote:
Be 14 years of age or older. Be 5-13 years of age and have passed the Literacy and Civics Assessment. Be of sound mind. -Criminals: People that have violated the law may still be able to exercise civil and political rights.
If a citizen has been convicted of a violent offense, an offense of a sexual nature, a fatal offense deemed manslaughter, or an offense of a corrupt or fradulent nature, or treason: The temporary loss of the capability to exercise civil and political rights. If a citizen has been convicted of murder, war crimes, genocide, terrorism, or been placed on the sex offender registry: The loss of the capability to exercise civil and political rights for life, unless otherwised granted said capability by at least three federal judges. Territories: The Republic is composed of 20 non-sovereign States, plus the capital district, which is for all intents and purposes just a really small and local state, that hold administrative powers much like those of a province, except a priviledged few that get a little bit of federal leeway for various reasons.
Official Religion: Mauridiviah is officially a secular nation, but the government often takes an atheistic stance towards issues.
Official Language: The official language of the Republic is Andesian.
Capital City: Maurotopia
-Two Letter Code: MH
-Three Letter Code: MAU
Dial Code: +59
Somewhere in an Imperial Requisition Centre
Random Government Worker: *crunch, crunch, crunch* - Excuse me sir, I believe I have found an *gulp* oversight in one of our reports.
Supervisor: Oh what is it man, shouldn't you be on break?
Random Government Worker: Well sir, according to this report we failed to fulfill a requisition request from the local government. It says here that they requested a total of 500,000 tonnes of fertiliser be made ready and transferred to their care but instead they were only given 115,000 tonnes. I already checked our records, and it would seem that we have more than enough to satisfy their demand.
Supervisor: We are not in the business of playing favourites here. Their requisition would have reduced our current stockpile by a third, and we need to keep some of it back for the other states and emergencies.
Random Government Worker: Should I make a report to the factories sir? We have seen a steady increase of fertiliser production in response to the demands of the agricultural sector in Rukonen & Konn already, so I am certain they will be able to adjust. Projections from their ministry of agriculture show how vitally important this is for their continued growth.
Supervisor: Right, but how are we going to cover for the drop in other areas? The Southern Army's still angry that three of their weapon plants were converted to the production of pesticides and plastics, and a memo came down for us to stop pouring resources into Rukonen. Apparently they have been driving down food prices in the Free Cities in some trade war between them.
Random Government Worker: Excuse me sir, but isn't that a good thing?
Supervisor: Good? Hardly, the damn peasants have been leaving their farms to try and get better jobs in the cities! They are all just criminals in waiting who are too incompetent to hold any real job and live in the meat packing districts or in the slums. It is all a conspiracy by those Goths to ruin the southern lands in my opinion. If the Senate had any sense, they would never have helped rebuild that country.
Now, please go back to your dinner. We will be getting some more reports to deal with soon.
Random Government Worker: Right away then sir... I will be going.
*To put things into perspective, Germany uses roughly 3,577,514 Imperial Tonnes of fertiliser a year. If each of Derthalen's states were turned over to high intensity agriculture like Rukonen und Konn, the total usage would be roughly 3,500,000 Imperial Tonnes.
*This could very well just be a one off, I am not sure how I am going to explore the workings of government or the political issues present within this confederation.