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Minor_Teopac_of_History_Fin.pngTeopantli of History: The Raptor's Claws and the Lion's Jaws Minor_Teopac_of_History_Fin.png

[1200 - 1860]
 

Metztlitlaca is relatively unknown to the modern world. The only countries that ever give the fledgling nation any form of attention are those who had invested into the nation in its younger years. Seylos with it's port city of Kaseka; Fulgistan and Oyus with the League of Alharun and Aurelian Native Nations; Eulycea due to centuries of rivalry and conflicts. This wasn't always the case, there once was a time in Metztlican history where a predecessor nation to Metztlitlaca was one of the many major regional powers of its day. This golden era for southern Palu was under the banners of the Crescent Empire.

The Crescent Empire called itself Īnetztli Tìkuo in the Old Metztlica dialect of Azlo, however it is often called Metztliyōtl (Meƶλiyōλ) in the Central Metaztlitlaca Dialect. It ruled it's territories from 1202 AD up until 1801 AD, spanning much of the southern Palu peninsula and into eastern Mesothalassa.

 

 

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Map of Geographic Locations

 

Formation of the Crescent Empire: 1178 - 1202 AD
The Crescent Empire was not pre-ordained nation that naturally rose up from its surroundings. It was a messy and complicated affair. Before the Crescent Empire there were thirty separate monarch states across modern day Metztlitlaca, each one vying for power and dominance over history. In the late 12th Century, the strongman of southern Palu were the Tepanizo. Found in western modern Metztlitlaca, the Tepanizo were fractured between 3 multicultural hegemonic monarch states with the largest, Azcapoƶinco, dominating the Metztlica ethnic group which at the time was only two thirds its modern geographic size. The reigning Archpriest - the leader of the religion of the Azlo people - had died several years ago and priesthood was in the midst of deciding his successor. The Azcapoƶinco had bribed or threatened any nations who could of been a threat to them from sending any of their own aristocracy to be possibly ordained as Archpriest. Instead Azcapoƶinco's monarch had his son and several of his vassal's send their sons and daughters to the Priesthood, threatening any Metztlica tribe who dared try to win the Archpriest title with burning down their villages. This was by Priesthood law considered illegal, but with no powerful nation to back them like in previous centuries they went along with it. One tribe however did not get the threat as the messenger had died on the way to them. The Atlahuica, the people of the valleys, were unaware of the scheme the Azcapoƶinco had planted and had sent their best to the contests.

The title of Archpriest was earned by being the one to pass the numerous endurance, physical, and intellectual tests with the most success. Those sent must be between the ages of 15 and 19. The archpriest title cannot be worn by a head monarch of a nation, and thus monarch states tend to send high standing aristocrats from their capitals. Tribes did not have aristocracies, therefore most of the Metztlica tribes the Azcapoƶinco ordered to partake sent their most average boys and girls. The candidate the Atlahuica sent was nineteen year old Tapilchuacotl, Tapilchuacotl was born prematurely and missing his left arm from below the elbow so by all accounts and logic should of died, but he somehow persisted. Unable to use the bow and arrow he became proficient at the atlatl, also known as the spear-thrower. His skill was refined to a degree no one his age from his or the neighbouring tribes could match, with only the oldest and most experienced spear-throwers able to hit as consistently as he could. The aristocratic boy was not athletic nor proficient with tools and by the end of the tests had trailed behind Tapil. The Priesthood ordained Tapilchuacotl the new Archpriest.

The Azcapoƶinco were furious at the Atlahuica and within weeks had burned down their villages and taken half of the village population to be killed at the Azcapoƶinco capital's temples. The other half fled to neighbouring tribe villages who pitied the Atlahuica. For over half a decade, the Priesthood and the Atlahuica were forming a coalition of Metztlica and other suppressed ethnic groups to overthrow the Azcapoƶinco monarch state. The resulting civil war took a little over a decade, resulting in the dissolution of the Azcapoƶinco monarch state. 

With the Azcapoƶinco monarch state dissolved, there was no clear successor, and the region would of collapsed back into anarchy as it had done every time a period of subjugation and hegemony ended, but Tapilchuacotl not wishing to further the cycle of violence instead come up with a new solution; a unified Metztlica state. Instead of a single tribe controlling others, all tribes of the Metztlica people would be equals. The Crescent Empire was officially established in 1202 AD with the unifying of the Metztlica tribes through diplomacy, peace-making, and compromises. Tapilchuacotl was ordained the Monarch of Monarchs, only the third individual in Azlo history to be officially crowned the title and the first to both hold the title of Monarch of Monarchs and also to be an Archpriest.

 

Expansion and Wars of the Sun and Moon: 1219 - 1400 AD
Tapilchuacotl died in 1219 AD, the last thing he did was merge the role of Monarch of Monarchs and the role of Archpriest into a single title and role. The merged title remained as Archpriest, but it meant that those who held the title had both religious power but also political power. Since the official formation of the Crescent Empire in 1202, Tapilchuacotl never warred any other nation state except in defending the empire from tribal incursions.

Tapil's successor was not like that.

His successor, Iztacoa II, was named after the legendary White Serpent monarch of the far western Azlo groups. As the grandson of Tapil, many were struck by the stubbornness and ambition of the young Archpriest who made it his life's goal to form the largest Azlo empire in history. By 1240, the Crescent Empire had begun to draw the attention of the much larger Tihuanaco Empire across the Tapatepetli mountains which began the century and a half long Wars of the Sun and Moon, which lasted from 1245 AD - 1395 AD, when influence from the Yellow Empire began to eventually collapse of the Tihuanaco Empire. Most of the conflict in the Wars of the Sun and Moon were within the great valley systems of the Tapatepetli mountains and at the neck of the Palu Peninsula where in joined to Mesothalassa proper. Despite both being large nations, neither side had the technology nor might to fully cross the mountains or make the long trek around them to conquer or subjugate the other. When the Yellow Empire finally arrived and brought instability to Tihuanaco, the Crescent Empire offered itself as a potential ally for the much larger Yellow Empire and great networks of trade were formed by the start of the 15th century.

 

Crescent_Empire2.png

Borders of the Crescent Empire in 1400 AD. Dark Green is where the Metztlica are the majority ethnicity.

 

The Golden Years: 1400 - 1600 AD
From the 15th to 17th centuries, the Crescent Empire was in it's golden age of expansions, commerce, and culture. It's trade of spices and precious jewels and pottery to the Yellow Empire and to other merchants made the coastal cities fabulously wealthy along with the capital of Xinatlahuimiz (modern day Tekaken). The empire, unlike those of Europa or Argis, was a hegemonic empire with vassal states making up much of the empire's territory. Only the core majority-Metztlica populated areas were under the direct rule of the Archpriest, along with the coastal cities and ports, resulting in the empire being rather decentralised compared to the Yellow Empire or imperial Europa-Argis. Each vassal had to send an appropriately large offering to the capital each year or be threatened with destruction.

As the empire grew, larger and larger groups of Metztlica migrated across the empire to economic hotspots. These new majority-Metztlica exclaves would then be promoted from vassals to core territories of the empire. By 1585, the empire had reach it's greatest extent.

Crescent_Empire3.png

Borders of the Crescent Empire in from 1585 - 1690 AD. Dark Green are the majority-Metztlica core territories.

 

The Falling Years: 1600 - 1800 AD
Every empire collapse, the the Crescent Empire's collapse was a slow and gruelling one. The over bloated bureaucracy due to so many vassal states and the gradual movement towards decadence meant that the government often lagged behind on critical information, making the one unstoppable Crescent Army the laughing stock of the region. This first became apparent when Salvian crusaders attempted a takeover of the empire to convert it to Christianity - as they had done to their northern neighbour not too long ago. The Crescent Empire should of been able to push them back to sea almost immediately, but it took over fifty years to resist and forcefully expel the crusaders in 1710. This dramatic failure weakened the credibility of the government significantly and fringe vassal states began to break away - most not even threatened with retribution for their treason - and the government slowly fell to in-fighting. There were numerous attempts as reforms, but most were pushed back by the Priesthood or the government. By the end of the 18th century, the empire was only two thirds its size shown above. In 1798, the growing Shffahkia empire swooped into the decaying corpse of the Crescent Empire and tore it to shreds, unceremoniously annexing it as Shffahkia's first overseas non-island colony.

 

 

The Territory of Mezzaluna: 1800 - 1850 AD
From 1800 AD to 1850 AD, the Shffahkian Empire ruled the region corresponding to modern day Metztlitlaca, named the Territory of Mezzaluna. Regions of the old empire that were not directly annexed soon went off on their own paths, most falling to strife and anarchism. The main use of the colony was for crop plantations in the western savanna - where many Shffahkians settled - and for the exportation of precious gems and metals from the interior. Christianity soon spread from Shffahkia into Mezzaluna, joining up with those who were already converted by the Salvian crusaders and converting much of the coast. Even in modern times, the nation of Metztlitlaca is divided by a Catholic coastline and a Huecatoc (native faith) interior. The eastern jungle fringes were severely deforested and used for more intensive crops such as cotton, with slavery often practised in the area. This relationship of exploitation continued up until  Marianne the First would take the throne in Shffahkia. The Premier, Jean-Patrique Lecerf, and the majority of senators back in the empire's capital did not want a woman on the throne especially when they were dealing with the consequences of a ill-advised war elsewhere in Aurelia. As a result, the Senate abolished the monarchy declaring the beginning of the First Shffahko-Republic on November 15, 1848, with Jean-Patrique Lecerf as its first president ending the Shffahkian Empire. This resulted in Marianne I at the age of 24 along with numerous aristocrats fleeing to Mezzaluna to establish a monarchy in exile.

 

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Flag of the Mezzaluna Territory

 

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Territory of Mezzaluna by 1850.

 

Formation of the Crescent Kingdom and Wars of Independence: 1851 - 1873
Marianne Eugène de Caldofondo-Bouvèron and the aristocrats that followed established the Crescent Kingdom of Shffahkia in 1851. Marianne was never officially crowned queen, as she still believed she was the rightful ruler of Shffahkia and that taking a second crown would be a sign of surrender. From 1852 to 1873 numerous wars were fought between the First Shffahko Republic and the Crescent Kingdom of Shffahkia with both sides as aggressors. In 1872 Marianne I died from malaria at the age of 46, leaving the throne to her son Armand Eugène de Caldofondo-Bouvèron who was 21. Armand I soon began to broker a peace between the Crescent Kingdom of Shffahkia and the First Shffahko-Republic. The Shffahko-Republic and the Crescent Kingdom of Shffahkia both agreed to recognise each other's independence and to not place claims onto one another's land or governments, as well as the Crescent Kingdom of Shffahkia reducing its name to just the Crescent Kingdom. Armand I throughout his time on the throne never fought a war against another nation and was soon named Armand the Peaceful. In 1909 Armand and the Crescent government banned the purchasing and selling of individuals of any race or gender, he died a year later in 1910. In 2010, a hundred years after his death, one of the major coastal cities of Metztlitlaca renamed itself to Xamant - City of Armand - in recognition of his duty to the people of the Crescent Kingdom no matter their race or gender. Armand's successor was his son - Armand II - who's mother was an ex-aristocratic Tlaxcalixe (Azlo) lady. Armand II and his successors there-after were as equally despotic as Marianne or had no care to look after the kingdom, eventually leading to it's downfall...

 

Edited by Metztlitlaca
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  • Metztlitlaca changed the title to The Teopan of Metztlitlaca
  • 2 months later...

“The Handbook for Tourism within Altepetl Tekaken”
By Pr. Māzellos Ƶaqāλi


Publish Year, 2016
Publisher Supervisor, Pr. Qājwā Khiztac
Publisher Supervisory Board, Teopanλi of Cultural and Religious Life
Publisher Company & City, The National Metztlican Tourist Cooperative Council (Altepeλ Azcapoƶinco)

 

Chapter 2: Ce Nāwi Temimilli (Cultural Etiquette of the Azlo)

Section 1, Walking Before Running.
Before we can understand Azlo etiquette and apply it to common situations, we first need to understand a little about the Azlo and the great roots that make up their cultures.

Before 2010 the Azlo were an unknown, insular, people, keeping to themselves in their own countries of Metztlitlaca, Sitallo, and the Triple Commonwealth with minimal interaction beyond Fulgistan and the other major cities from the League of Alharun and Aurelian Native Nations. The majority of these migrants came as refugees of the latter half of the South Paluvian Civil War. Recently with the opening of tourism into the nation for non-LAANN states, and a small rise in emigration from Metztlitlaca, learning the do’s and dont’s of Azlo manners and etiquette may prove useful for the uninformed – especially for one wishing visit the hermit countries. However there are countless different cultural groups of the Azlo, so we will be discussing primarily about Altepetl Tekaken and the Metztlica people – the largest group of the Dominions of Metztlitlaca!

If you ask any well-dressed Metztlica (or any Azlo for that manner!), they will say that to be “true Azlo”, one must understand and follow Ce Nāwi Temimilli, “The Four Columns”. The Four Columns are the main virtues championed by the greater Azlo cultural group and are key tenents to Wēcatoc, the indigenous pagan religion of over 37 million faithful.

These virtues are:-
• Honour
• Modesty
• Politeness
• Honesty
As long as you keep these four virtues in your mind at all times you should be fine in Altepetl Tekaken, but just in case let's go over common situations you might find yourself in!

 

Section 2, Greetings
The most common form of greeting – and one you would be using often when speaking to others – is a simple handshake or nod. They are both considered polite and appropriately formal if you are meeting strangers. Generally physical contact should be prevented if possible past greetings. If someone lowers their head when passing you in the streets, do not be offended! It is expected from unwedded individuals to keep their head down if passing someone they might think will try greet them – the common stereotype of a tourist is one of overly-talkative.
If a police officer, soldier, or someone in a similar level of power greets you, a quick bow is often expected as it is showing honour to those that protect you. You should always address the elders of a group first, and then greet each person in order of seniority.

convenienceshop.jpg    
 

If you’re meeting a close friend or a family member, the most respectful non-PDA (public display of affection) is by putting an arm around and over your friend’s shoulders, them doing the same, and immediately begin talking about what's on your mind. No need for formalities of greetings when you’ve known one another for a long time!

If you’re entering someone’s home or are greeted at the door of a store or a restaurant, the first thing you should say is “Moīxpanƶinco” or “Nipoɥpolwiā“, which translates to “Excuse me” and “I’m Sorry” respectfully. Most likely they will respond with “Ticiammiqīƶ” which roughly means “you have tired yourself in coming”. This is the standard greetings for entering someone’s property. If the greeter is an older man or lady, they might attempt to put your arm around their shoulders and guide you to either your table and seat, or to the register, in both instances asking you what you wish to order/buy. If you don’t know what you wish to buy/order yet, a simple “Niaqīmati” “I don’t know” is sufficient.

Now that we’ve established what to do, let’s see what you shouldn’t do!
Greetings should be modest and short – especially so with a stranger – as a prolonged welcome is a sign that you need to tell someone bad news. Handshakes should also not be too firm, as that could be mistaken as a sign of aggression!. The worst thing you could do is attempt to hug or kiss a stranger or friend in public, as PDA are still quite taboo even within cities. Save your hugs and kisses for Yatotla!

As a foreigner, you will not be held to the same standards of greetings, for example foreigners who attend the annual Festival of the Moon at Altepetl Tekaken will not be expected to λalqālizλi if the Archpriest appears. Λalqālizλi is when you bend the knees and bow with your head remaining close to the ground, scoop up Eurth in the hand and raise it to the mouth (although the dirt doesn’t have to touch your mouth) and imitate a kiss. In some circles it’s even considered impolite for a non-Wēcatoc to perform this. Instead foreigners are expected to bend the knees and bow only, as a sign of respect to the religion and culture of Metztlitlaca.

 

Section 3, Food & Table Manners
Most tourist hotspots in Altepetl Tekaken and other cities in Metztlitlaca and the Triple Commonwealth have been adjusted to the northern style of cuisine and with knives and forks, however if you adventure out of your comfort zone and to more traditional Azlo restaurants, street food, or have been invited into an Azlo home, this section will be important!

The most obvious difference is that the Azlo usually eat during and before sunrise, and during and after sunset. Instead you are more likely to find cafes open that sell coffee and fruit drinks, or vendors selling kebabs with assortments of meats/vegetables/fruits along with mints (both processed and home made). Do remember though that Metztlican Health & Safety standards are much lower than in Argis or Europa! Only eat from vendors that appear clean or have been approved by your tour guides!. One food item almost guaranteed to be safe is Necoλiyoɥ, which are small thumb-sized candy made up of beeswax, honey, and chilli. Necoλiyoɥ is sold almost everywhere in Metztlitlaca, the Triple Commonwealth, and even Sitallo.

A major taboo of all cultures across Metztlitlaca, the Triple Commonwealth, and Sitallo is the chewing of gum in public, which is often associated with solicited adult activity, with the word itself “Ƶicλi” in Naxua a word for solicited adult activity. Most Anglish to Naxua dictionaries wouldn’t tell you this so keep this in mind next time you see a store in Altepetl Tekaken labelled Ƶicλi!

Once you’ve entered a restaurant or cafe and been guided to your table, the waiter might ask “Āc pōxette, nozo qāizi”, which means “knife and fork, or chopsticks and spoon”. Most dishes in Altepetl Tekaken can use either interchangeably (besides soups of course) and understand tourists may not know how to use chopsticks, so do not feel embarrassed to ask for pōxette, knife and fork. Many traditional Azlo restaurants will have a large basket of flat bread and hard tortilla shells along with small bowls of sauces and finely chopped fruit and vegetables on each table. These are free to eat! From here you would order and eat as you would like in Argis or Europa. Enjoy your meal!

TortillaBreadBasket.jpg                  

Bread Baskets like these are were the tortilla shells and flat bread are usually stored!  

Section 4, Religious Matters
Firstly, not all Azlo are Wēcatoc Practitioners! Large groups of Christian Azlo exist within Metztlitlaca, the Triple Commonwealth, and especially in Sitallo! However, we will focus on Wēcatoc because it is a religion not many are aware of. Wēcatoc is a polytheistic religion, meaning they worship many gods and goddess, and each of these gods have their own temples and do’s and dont’s, so whilst we will tell you some of the guidelines for the two gods with the most temples there are countless interpretations of these same gods across the countries with different rules. Always check with your guide before entering an Azlo temple!

The most common deities to have temples of are Coyoxāwauh and Lalteco (these deities also go by other names in other regions of the countries so its best to ask your guide about these as well). Most Coyoxāwauh Temples are off-limits to non-practitioners but the Toteciλi Teōpancalli of Altepetl Tekaken (the largest temple in Metztlitlaca, see chapter 3 for more details) is open to the public at select times when not in use, the areas open to the public double as a national museum of Metztlitlaca. Money raised through the museum is used to maintain the Toteciλi Teōpancalli archives of religious and historic texts (which are often leased to universities) and to its duties as the largest religious centre for Wēcatoc Practitioners. So donate where and when you can!
 

Totecitli_Teopancalli.jpg          

Painting of Toteciλi Teōpancalli dated to 1785            
        

Lalteco Temples are more open to non-practitioners but also have stricter rules. These temples are more used for meditation and passive prayer, over the active worshipping and noise of Coyoxāwauh Temples. Lalteco Temples are kept at a low light level, so if you wish to take photos (if allowed) please turn off flash and turn screen light to as dark as possible, also please remain as quiet as possible otherwise you might be escorted out of the temple. Do not stare or otherwise distract priests who are also in the room unless they speak to you first. Most priests will be performing their own prayers by playing singing bowls. If the singing bowl has water inside of it, please do not disturb the priest unless absolutely necessary!. Blankets made of wool and cotton may be used by anyone to sit down and relax but if you do not plan to use one, please step around and not over them as that is a sign of disrespect. The second room beyond the first is often off limits to non-practitioners as they are where more active worship takes place, but most priests will allow non-practitioners inside if they behave well within the first room.

As long as you show respect and people can see you are trying to show respect, Azlo Temples are nothing to be anxious about entering!

 

Edited by Metztlitlaca
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      In November 1937 and later July 1938, the Aruthean Communist Party attempted several failed uprisings against the kingdom, which prompted the government to completely ban them and execute their leaders. In January 1940, seeing the central government ignorant of their hardships, radical Nuwans formed an armed militia called Free Nuwa Movement (FNM) to free the common Nuwans from the yoke of the unstable government. The FNM saw multiple conflicts against the army, though never decisively defeated. This is because some of the military and the parliament were sympathetic for the FNM’s cause, as the Nuwan made up a significant portion of both the army and the senate. 
       
      Queen Tuluana XII
      Disillusioned by democratic bickering and endless unrest, on 10 December 1942, the Queen of Aruthea, Tuluana XII, launched a surprise coup against democratic institutions and the army using the Kayaran-dominated Aruthean Navy, securing for herself the supreme power to decisively rule Aruthea. The queen’s reign is extremely focused on improving the economy and lowering the poverty with effective policies such as the formation of the Central Bank of Aruthea, nationalisation of vital colonial corporations, redistribution of neglected farmlands and plantations to the common people, and many more. She also successfully negotiated with the FNM to stand down by offering them amnesty and granting autonomy for the Nuwa region. Her impressive administration made her extremely popular with the common Aruthean, be it Kayaran or Nuwan. To this day, she is usually referred to as The Mother of Aruthean Economy. Unfortunately, after almost 3 years since the coup, Queen Tuluana died of illness, caused by breast cancer. Her death came as a shock for the nation, as the illness was kept secret until her death. It is said that she worked hard for the common Aruthean people even though she was fighting her own illness. The queen left no heir, which made her power fall onto the navy’s hand. Leadership was awarded to Admiral Seyal Taka, the Chief of Staff of the Aruthean Navy before the queen’s death.

      Admiral Seyal Taka
      Under Admiral Taka’s reign, the kingdom was effectively changed into the Republic of Aruthea. Unlike the Queen, he had no patience for the Nuwan people. He promoted the idea of Kayaran superiority. While the Kayar Islands were being intensively industrialized, the mainland was generally neglected. Combined with his lavish budget plan biased for the navy, the FNM rose up once more in September 1946 to overthrow the admiral’s tyrannical regime. Taka responded by enlisting more Kayaran for the Naval Army to stamp down the FNM rebellion and intensified discrimination against the Nuwan. He also expelled generations of Nuwan living in the capital city of Aruana Tuli, which has a significant Nuwan minority, replaced by Kayaran immigrants to further the industrialization effort. The FNM continued their guerilla warfare against the Naval Army, easily winning the support of common Nuwan people, though never resulted in anything more than stalemates. While the Kayaran were treated as the highest class and Nuwan the lowest, the Chengzese found themselves in a unique situation, where they can support either the regime or the rebellion. Taka was well-aware of this. He gave them some degree of autonomy and subsidized their economy and welfare. This made them supportive of the regime, and hated by the rebellion, furthering the division between ethnic Nuwan and Chengzese.

      Admiral Kila Yaserat
      In May 1980, Taka died of kidney problems. He was succeeded by his son, Commodore Arul Karisi. His reign was plagued with famines, massive economic downturn, and hyperinflation. This made him completely unpopular, even among the Kayaran and the navy personnel. His incompetence caused the Naval Army to be repeatedly defeated by the FNM, to the point where the rebellion army were approaching the Chengzese province and the capital city of Aruana Tuli. In January 1984, Karisi resigned and escaped to a foreign country to avoid the political fallout, leaving Admiral Kila Yaserat in charge. Yaserat was rather pro-democracy, as he is half-Chengzese himself. He organized the Aruana Tuli Conference, where he invited representatives from the common Kayaran, Chengzese, and Nuwan, while also inviting the high-ranking naval elites, regional leaders, and delegation from the FNM. He proposed a federal nation based on ethnic lines that comprised of 4 states: State of Kayar, State of East Nuwa, State of West Nuwa, and State of Chengzese, with the capital located at the Federal District of Aruana Tuli. After negotiation of several compromises, most notably the exclusivity of the position of head of state only for the Aruthean Admiralty, freedom for each state to raise their own military, and lower taxes levied from each state, a new federation was born.
       
      Government
       

      High Senate Main Building
      Aruthea is a federation with a parliamentary system. The Supreme Admiral of Aruthea is the head of state and the commander-in-chief of the Aruthean Federal Armed Forces, elected democratically by the people, though candidacy is limited only for the members of the Aruthean Admiralty, which mostly consists of high-ranking naval elites.
      The highest representative body on the federal level is simply called the High Senate, a unicameral parliament functioning as the nation’s legislative body and to monitor the executive branch. The senate consists of 135 delegates in total, with each state represented by their own 30 delegates, and additional 15 delegates representing the Federal District of Aruana Tuli.
      The executive power is vested in the Central Cabinet, led by the Prime Minister of Aruthea which acts as its head of government. The prime minister is chosen by the members of the High Senate, of which the prime minister must be a member of. The cabinet is responsible for federal governing, policy-making, decision-making, and foreign affairs.
      The nation is comprised of 4 unitary states: Kayar, East Nuwa, West Nuwa, and Chengzi. The State Governor acts as both head of state and head of government for each state, monitored by their own State Legislative Council. Each state is divided into city/county, which are then divided into municipalities. 
       
      Economy
                                       
      The Aruthean economy is effectively split into two: the agricultural and natural extraction economy concentrated on the mainland; and the industrial economy concentrated on the Kayar Islands. Tourism is also a significant contributor for the whole Aruthean economy, attracting more than 8.5 million tourists annually.
      Aruthea has a low unemployment rate, never exceeding 6% since the 2000s. However, the economical split between the industrial Kayar and the agricultural mainland means that the nation has one of the highest income inequalities in the world. 
      The currency of Aruthea is Aruthean Korm (ARK), issued by the Federal Bank of Aruthea.
       
      Demographics
      Aruthea is demographically diverse in terms of ethnic and religion. In terms of ethnicity, the Kayar Islands are mostly populated by Kayaran themselves. The mainland is dominated by the Nuwan, with a significant Chengzese population to the west and Kayaran population to the southeast. In terms of religion, Aruthean consist of Catholics (51%), Paganism (33%), and Islam (15%), with Paganism concentrated on Kayar Islands, Islam on the mainland, and Catholics spread evenly across.
    • By Heiheguo
      Heiheguo (/heiːhɣgwoː/ ʜᴀʏ-hoo-gwoh; Huang: 黑河国; pinyin: Hēihé guó; literally: 'Black River State'), officially the Holy State of Heihe (Huang: 黑河圣国; pinyin: Hēihé shèng guó; literally: 'Holy State of the Black River'), is a country in Western Alharu. Heiheguo is bordered by [NPC nation] to the North-east and across the Tiauhai Sea lies Selayar. The country covers a land area of (placeholder) square kilometers (placeholder square miles) and had an estimated population of (placeholder) in 2018. Heiheguo is the [placeholder] most populous nation in Alharu and the [placeholder number] most populous nation in the wurld. The country is comprised of 11 major districts, called governorates, and 67 minor districts, called regions.
      Heiheguo is considered a small power in Alharu and wurldwide. This is mainly due to its inability to properly take advantage of the land it claims outside of the Heihe river. This lack of useable land is the leading factor as to Heiheguo's stagnant low-income economy and population. Heiheguo is a member state of the League of Alharu and Aurelian Native Nations.
      Names
      The Anglish spelling "Heiheguo" is a aromanizatation of the nation's common name in Simplified Huang (黑河国). It is also sometimes refered to as "Heiheshenguo", the aromanization of the nation's official name (黑河圣国). Both of these names come from the Heiheren name for the river system the country surrounds, Heihe (Huang: 黑河; literally: Black River). Despite the Huang name for the river including the word "river", it is commonly referred as the "Heihe river" in Anglish.
      The name "Heiheguo" is thought to originally have been an endonym given by the nations of the Yellow Empire. What the Heiheren originally called themselves is currently unknown.
      History
      Ancient history
      The first recorded instance of a civilization on the Heie river was in 2500 BCE, believing to have come from the East across the Alharun Desert. 
      Around 2000 BCE, the two Kingdoms of Lower and Higher Heiheguo were united under (placeholder name).
      Sometime in 1200 BCE, the Heihe Kingdom completely collapsed. The cause is currently unknown, but this collapse may have lead to the loss of the original Heiheren language.
      2000s to present
      In the early 2011, Heiheguo had an election for the President of Heiheguo. Chen Jiang won for a third term, being blessed by the Shengren Hei Jingyi in early 2012.
      In 2012, Heiheguo officially joined LAANN as a full member-state.
      In 2018, a census was held across the nation, leading to a more accurate understanding of the demographics of the country.
      Geography
      Heiheguo's territory lies primarily between latitudes 17° and 23°N, and longitudes 90° and 104°W (temporary numbers). To the South is the Tiauhai coast. Due to the extreme aridity of Heiheguo's climate, population centers are concentrated along the narrow Heihe valley and delta, meaning that about 99% of the population uses about 10% of the total land area. 98% of Heiheren live on 8% of the territory (temporary numbers).
      Climate
      Heiheren has an unusually hot, sunny and dry climate. Average high temperatures are high in the South but very to extremely high in the rest of the country during summer. The cooler Tiauhai winds consistently blow over the Southern sea coast, which helps to get more moderated temperatures, especially at the height of the summertime. The deserts to the North-West of bring dusts that blows in during the Spring or early Summer. The dust brings daytime temperatures over 38°C (°F) and sometimes over 48°C (°F) in the interior, while the relative humidity can drop to 5% or even less. The absolute highest temperatures in Heiheguo occur when the desert dust blows. The weather is always sunny and clear in Heiheguo. It is one of the least cloudy and least rainy regions on Eurth.
      Government and politics
      Heiheguo is a Theocratic Presidential State. What this means exactly is that Heiheguo has a Shengren, or Holy leader, who is the HoS, and a President, who is the HoG. While the President is democratically elected, the Shengren is always a descendant or relative of the Shengren before him.
      Government positions are exclusive to males only, with the exclusion of the Mayor of cities or towns.
      Military
      The Holy Heihe Defense Forces consist of the Land Forces, the Naval Forces and the Air Force. The Heihe Guard and State Peacekeeper Force operate as parts of the Ministry of Internal Affairs (placeholder name) in peacetime, though they can be subordinated to the Navy and (placeholder) Commands respectively in wartime, during which they both act as garrisons to keep the peace. The Chief of Defense of Heiheguo is appointed by the President and approved by the Shengren, though the President can vote for himself. The Chief of Defense is responsible for matters of national security and the adequate preparation of the armed forces to defend the country. However, the authority to declare war rests on the Shengren and the President, though the latter must have the approval of the former.
      Law enforcement and crime
      The law of Heiheguo is enforced by the State Peacekeeper Force, also known as the SPF. They are in charge of both ensuring lawbreakers are caught and imprisoned, and ensuring the safety of the Heiheren government. Those who speak out against the government or a decision made by a government official have been known to be arrested and, later, executed under the justification of "domestic terrorism".
      Other common crimes include: loitering, burglary, rape, assault and battery, and child abuse.
      Freedom of the press
      The Heiheren government is quite strict on what is and what isn't allowed to be talked about in the media. For example, while the reports on domestic terrorists are allowed to be released to the public, no news agency is allowed to give a negative opinion or spin on the incident. Similarly, no news article must ever portray the government or any of the officials in a negative light.
      Foreign relations
      Heiheguo is involved in LAANN as a member-state.
      Administrative divisions
      Heiheguo is divided into 11 governorates. The governorates are further divided into regions. The regions contain towns and villages. Each governorate has a capital, sometimes carrying the same name as the governorate.
      Demographics
      The population of Heiheguo is predominantly Heiheren, with a small percentage claiming other nationalities.
      Religion
      Religion in Heiheguo is mandated by the State. The religion itself seems to be similar to the ancient Heiheren religion of the Heihe Kingdom, though with very minor changes.
      The center of the Heiheren religion is the river their nation is built around. The water itself is considered holy to them.
      See also
      IIWiki Article Heihe Knowledge
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