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SILDAVIA's POLITICAL SYSTEM, 1st. part

 

Sildavia is, in its Constitution's words, a "Democratic, Federal, Constitutional, Imperial and Hereditary Monarchy".

 

Sildavia's Constitution is about 250 years old, but it has been recently adapted in minor aspects to this new Era. Freedom and Rule of Law are proclaimed as basic principles.

 

A Bill of Human Rights proclaims and protects the Rights of Free Thinking, Opinion, Free Expression, Free Movement and Residence, Free Association, Demonstration, Religion, Sexual Orientation, and in general Free Action. The rights should be exercised in the frame of the Constitution, the constitutional laws and respect towards other people's rights.

 

A second Bill of Rights, the 'Territorial' one, warrants the historical and traditional rights of self-government for the States integrating Sildavia, which anyway are subordinated to the Constitution and Sildavia's general interests. The distribution of competences among Federal Power and Federate States follows the rule of general interests for the first, and local interests for the second.

 

The Imperial Capital is the city of Kronstadt.

 

The Empire of Sildavia is formed by the "indissoluble union" (therefore banning any possibility of secession) of six States, each one subdivided in their traditional counties or entities (total: 22 counties). To these six States is added the Free State of Setia, a micro-entity which has full autonomy and right of extraterritoriality, but whose international policy and political representation is integrated into the federal structures of Sildavia. Setia's Sovereignty is fully in the hands of Sildavia's Emperor, although He may appoint a Lieutenant who is also the High Priest or Priestess of Set.

 

Therefore, the territorial structure of Sildavia is the following:

 

1.- Principality of Kronstadt (KR), capital Kronstadt.

Only one county, 1.-1. Kronstadt (KRO), cap. Kronstadt.

but within it there is 1.-1.1. District of the Principality

of Las Torres (LTO), cap. Las Torres.

2.- Kingdom of Iberia (IB), capital Alcazar.

2.-1. County of Castilla CAS), cap. Alcazar.

2.-2. County of Catalunya (CAT), cap. Valldrac.

2.-3. County of Lusitania (LUS), cap. Portovelho.

2.-4. County of Euskadi (EUS), cap. Mendiurre.

3.- Kingdom of Latinia (LT), cap. Luperca.

3.-1. County of Galia (GAL), cap. Plessis-les-Tours.

3.-2. County of Lotaringia (LOT), cap. Belgia.

3.-3. County of Italia (ITA), cap. Luperca.

3.-4. County of Napoli (NAP), cap. Pompeia.

3.-5. County of Ellas (ELL), cap. Andropolis.

3.-6. County of Romania (ROM), cap. Orashmare.

4.- Kingdom of Germania (GM), cap. Teutoburg.

4.-1. County of Slavia (SLA), cap. Slavograd.

4.-2. County of Magyar (MAG), cap. Kiralyvaros.

4.-3. County of Deutschland (DEU), cap. Teutoburg.

4.-4. County of ?sterreich (OES), cap. Sch?nbrunn.

4.-5. County of Nederland (NED), cap. Orangedam.

4.-6. County of Skandinavia (SKA), cap. Smukby.

5.- Kingdom of Britania (BR), cap. Faeriedale.

5.-1. County of Anglia (ANG), cap. Faeriedale.

5.-2. County of Scotia (SCO), cap. Banrighebaile.

5.-3. County of Eire (EIR), cap. Seamrogglen.

5.-4. County of Keltia (KEL), cap. Camelot.

6.- Kingdom of Colonias (CO), cap.Enriqueville.

Only one county, 6.-1. Colonias (COL), cap. Enriqueville.

- But within there are 8 Districts and a Reservation:

6.-1.1. District of North-America (NAM), cap. New-Faerie.

6.-1.2. District of Mesoamerica (MAM), cap. Puertojorge.

6.-1.3. District of Sudamerica (SAM), cap. Dorado.

6.-1.4. District of Africa (AFR), cap. Enriqueville.

6.-1.5. District of Arabia (ARA), cap. Iskandiriya.

6.-1.6. District of India (IND), cap. Hathigadha.

6.-1.7. District of Sino-Asia (SAS), cap. Yong-hen-cheng

6.-1.8. District of Oceania (OCE), cap. Honouli.

6.-1.9. Native Reservation (NRE), cap. Honaunau.

 

- Free State of the Principality of Setia (ST), cap. Setia.

 

(continues in 2nd. part)

Edited by Sildavialand (see edit history)
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SILDAVIA's POLITICAL SYSTEM, 2nd. part

 

At Federal level, this is the structure and organization of the different institutions:

 

- THE CROWN.-

The Imperial Crown is the Supreme Institution, invested in the Emperor (or Empress, just mentioned as 'Emperor' from now on). The Emperor accedes immediately after death or abdication of his predecessor, through a simple Oath of allegiance to the Constitution. A ceremonial Crowning take place later during His/Her reign. Sucession follows the trational criteria of preference of the closest line, of male over female, and of the older person in the same sex.

 

The Emperor is the Head of State, Representant of the Sovereignty of the Empire and of all States, territories and dominions, Symbol of the Unity and Permanence of Sildavia, Supreme Commander of the Federal Armed Forces as well as of the State Militias and Highest Priest of the cult of all gods and deities. Laws are proclaimed in His name and Justice is applied in His name.

 

The Emperor, His/Her consort, His/Her Heir and the Heir's consort are inviolable and have civil, criminal and political immunity; but each of His acts must be ratified by a member of the Government who co-signed it for validity (only exceptions are the few concrete acts foreseen by the Constitution as His exclusive competence). The Emperor has the right to be informed and consulted, to advice on all public matters and to moderate the functioning of the public institutions. He has the duty of caring for the common interests and for the rights of citizens and States. He has to develop His function in a spirit of arbitration and impartiality.

When the Emperor is unable to perform His functions, due to incapacity declared by the Supreme Imperial Court or to minority of age, a Regency takes His functions in the Name of the Emperor. The Regent will be, by order of preference: 1) the Emperor's Heir, if he is legally of age. 2) the Emperor's father, in his defect his mother. 3) The Emperor's consort. 4) In case there is none of them, both Chamber will meet as a unique body and elect a Regent for the period of incapacity or minority of age.

 

- EXECUTIVE.-

His Gracious Imperial Majesty's Government is the depositary of the Executive Power. It leads Policy and Administration and commands effectively the Imperial Armed Forces. His Head is the Chancellor, who is appointed by the Crown after being invested by the majority of the Congress of Deputies. He stays in office for the legislature, may be re-appointed, and may be forced to quit through a 'vote of mistrust' of the majority of the Congress of Deputies, or a 'declaration of mistrust' by the Emperor -which may be rejected by the Congress of Deputies.

 

The Chancellor is the strategical and tactical Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial Armed Forces and the Imperial Police. He presents the members of his Government to the Emperor, who appoint them, or asks the Emperor for their dismissal. The number and competences of the departments are subject to the Emperor's decision, but always at the Chancellor's request.

There are presently the following departments: Vice-chancellery, Treasure (with economy, finances, commerce), Foreign Affairs, Defence, Art and Culture (with education, sport, religions), Social Affairs (with welfare, work, equality, youth), Infrastructures (with transport, energy, industry, agriculture and fisheries, environment), and Interior (with public order, justice, civil defence).

 

- LEGISLATIVE.-

The Imperial Parliament represents Sildavia's peoples and is the instrument of their participation in the Empire's Rule.

The Parliament is formed by two chambers:

1) The Congress of Deputies, 140 deputies elected for 5 years through democratic, free and secret election by all citizens of full age. Candidatures are presented by lists of political parties, associations or organizations. The constituency is a unique one, and the attribution of seats is made through the proportional system with the correction known as 'D'Hondt system'. The Speaker of the Congress is the Chancellor, who receives its confidence or mistrust.

2) The Senate, formed by two types of members:

- Elected members: a Senator from each one of the six States, elected for 5 years through democratic, free and secret election by all citizens of full age.

- Lords: members of the Imperial Nobility, as recognized by the Imperial Decree on Nobility, excluding in any case the Heir to the Throne.

The Speaker of the Senate is the Vice-Chancellor.

 

The Parliament deals with the bills and legislative projects according to the following procedure: after debate and vote in committee, the draft is sent to the Congress of Deputies. After being voted, it is sent to the Senate. If the Senate ratifies the Congress' decisions, the bill is presented to the Emperor to be signed, ratified and proclaimed as Law. If the Senate's position is different from the Congress', the draft is re-voted by the Congress, whose decision is presented to the Emperor to be signed, ratified and proclaimed as Law. The Crown can't veto a parliamentary decision.

 

- JUDICIAL.-

The Imperial Supreme Court of Justice is the head of the Judicial system. It acts not only applying the Constitution and laws, but also interpreting them when there is any controversy about their signification or validity.

The Supreme Court is formed by four Imperial Magistrates, elected for 12 years by the two Chambers of Parliament reunited in a unique electoral body. Each Magistrate must be elected with at least a majority of 75% of the vote.

The President of the Supreme Court of Justice is appointed by the Emperor for the same period as the Magistrates.

 

- CONSTITUTIONAL REFORMS.-

The Constitution may be reformed through a special procedure. First, the reform must be adopted as a Law of Parliament, and then put to decision of the majority of the people through referendum.

When the reform affect the Bill of Citizens' or Territorial Rights, the Monarchy or the State's principles (Freedom and State of Law), the revision has to be approved in referendum by a majority of at least 66% of the vote and 50% of the local constituencies (counties).

 

- THE STATES' REGIMES.-

Each State of Sildavia has its own Statute (Basic Law), institutions, legislation, police and political structure. They may differ according to various historical, cultural and political traditions. But in any case all of them must respect the Constitution's main principles and the Bill of Rights.

 

 

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