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Minor_Teopac_of_History_Fin.pngTeopac of History: The Raptor's Claws and the Lion's Jaws Minor_Teopac_of_History_Fin.png

[1200 - 1860]
 

Metztlitlaca is relatively unknown to the modern world. The only countries that ever give the fledgling nation any form of attention are those who had invested into the nation in its younger years. Seylos with it's port city of Kaseka; Fulgistan and Oyus with the League of Alharun and Aurelian Native Nations; Eulycea due to centuries of rivalry and conflicts. This wasn't always the case, there once was a time in Metztlican history where a predecessor nation to Metztlitlaca was one of the many major regional powers of its day. This golden era for southern Palu was under the banners of the Crescent Empire.

The Crescent Empire called itself Īnetztli Tìkuo in the Old Metztlica dialect of Naxua,however it is often called Inetztlīk in the Modern Metaztlitlaca Dialect. It ruled it's territories from 1202 AD up until 1801 AD, spanning much of the southern Palu peninsula and into eastern Mesothalassa.

 

 

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Map of Geographic Locations

 

Formation of the Crescent Empire: 1178 - 1202 AD
The Crescent Empire was not pre-ordained nation that naturally rose up from its surroundings. It was a messy and complicated affair. Before the Crescent Empire there were thirty separate monarch states across modern day Metztlitlaca, each one vying for power and dominance over history. In the late 12th Century, the strongman of southern Palu were the Tepanizo. Found in western modern Metztlitlaca, the Tepanizo were fractured between 3 multicultural hegemonic monarch states with the largest, Kotlaxomizo, dominating the Metztlica ethnic group which at the time was only two thirds its modern geographic size. The reigning Archpriest - the leader of the religion of the Azlo people - had died several years ago and priesthood was in the midst of deciding his successor. The Kotlaxomizo had bribed or threatened any nations who could of been a threat to them from sending any of their own aristocracy to be possibly ordained as Archpriest. Instead Kotlaxomizo's monarch had his son and several of his vassal's send their sons and daughters to the Priesthood, threatening any Metztlica tribe who dared try to win the Archpriest title with burning down their villages. This was by Priesthood law considered illegal, but with no powerful nation to back them like in previous centuries they went along with it. One tribe however did not get the threat as the messenger had died on the way to them. The Atlahuica, the people of the valleys, were unaware of the scheme the Kotlaxomizo had planted and had sent their best to the contests.

The title of Archpriest was earned by being the one to pass the numerous endurance, physical, and intellectual tests with the most success. Those sent must be between the ages of 15 and 19. The archpriest title cannot be worn by a head monarch of a nation, and thus monarch states tend to send high standing aristocrats from their capitals. Tribes did not have aristocracies, therefore most of the Metztlica tribes the Kotlaxomizo ordered to partake sent their most average boys and girls. The candidate the Atlahuica sent was nineteen year old Tapilchuacotl, Tapilchuacotl was born prematurely and missing his left arm from below the elbow so by all accounts and logic should of died, but he somehow persisted. Unable to use the bow and arrow he became proficient at the atlatl, also known as the spear-thrower. His skill was refined to a degree no one his age from his or the neighbouring tribes could match, with only the oldest and most experienced spear-throwers able to hit as consistently as he could. The aristocratic boy was not athletic nor proficient with tools and by the end of the tests had trailed behind Tapil. The Priesthood ordained Tapilchuacotl the new Archpriest.

The Kotlaxomizo were furious at the Atlahuica and within weeks had burned down their villages and taken half of the village population to be killed at the Kotlaxomizo capital's temples. The other half fled to neighbouring tribe villages who pitied the Atlahuica. For over half a decade, the Priesthood and the Atlahuica were forming a coalition of Metztlica and other suppressed ethnic groups to overthrow the Kotlaxomizo monarch state. The resulting civil war took a little over a decade, resulting in the dissolution of the Kotlaxomizo monarch state. 

With the Kotlaxomizo monarch state dissolved, there was no clear successor, and the region would of collapsed back into anarchy as it had done every time a period of subjugation and hegemony ended, but Tapilchuacotl not wishing to further the cycle of violence instead come up with a new solution; a unified Metztlica state. Instead of a single tribe controlling others, all tribes of the Metztlica people would be equals. The Crescent Empire was officially established in 1202 AD with the unifying of the Metztlica tribes through diplomacy, peace-making, and compromises. Tapilchuacotl was ordained the Monarch of Monarchs, only the third individual in Azlo history to be officially crowned the title and the first to both hold the title of Monarch of Monarchs and also to be an Archpriest.

 

Expansion and Wars of the Sun and Moon: 1219 - 1400 AD
Tapilchuacotl died in 1219 AD, the last thing he did was merge the role of Monarch of Monarchs and the role of Archpriest into a single title and role. The merged title remained as Archpriest, but it meant that those who held the title had both religious power but also political power. Since the official formation of the Crescent Empire in 1202, Tapilchuacotl never warred any other nation state except in defending the empire from tribal incursions.

Tapil's successor was not like that.

His successor, Iztacoa II, was named after the legendary White Serpent monarch of the far western Azlo groups. As the grandson of Tapil, many were struck by the stubbornness and ambition of the young Archpriest who made it his life's goal to form the largest Azlo empire in history. By 1240, the Crescent Empire had begun to draw the attention of the much larger Tihuanaco Empire across the Tapatepetli mountains which began the century and a half long Wars of the Sun and Moon, which lasted from 1245 AD - 1395 AD, when influence from the Yellow Empire began to eventually collapse of the Tihuanaco Empire. Most of the conflict in the Wars of the Sun and Moon were within the great valley systems of the Tapatepetli mountains and at the neck of the Palu Peninsula where in joined to Mesothalassa proper. Despite both being large nations, neither side had the technology nor might to fully cross the mountains or make the long trek around them to conquer or subjugate the other. When the Yellow Empire finally arrived and brought instability to Tihuanaco, the Crescent Empire offered itself as a potential ally for the much larger Yellow Empire and great networks of trade were formed by the start of the 15th century.

 

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Borders of the Crescent Empire in 1400 AD. Dark Green is where the Metztlica are the majority ethnicity.

 

The Golden Years: 1400 - 1600 AD
From the 15th to 17th centuries, the Crescent Empire was in it's golden age of expansions, commerce, and culture. It's trade of spices and precious jewels and pottery to the Yellow Empire and to other merchants made the coastal cities fabulously wealthy along with the capital of Xinatlahuimiz (modern day Tekaken). The empire, unlike those of Europa or Argis, was a hegemonic empire with vassal states making up much of the empire's territory. Only the core majority-Metztlica populated areas were under the direct rule of the Archpriest, along with the coastal cities and ports, resulting in the empire being rather decentralised compared to the Yellow Empire or imperial Europa-Argis. Each vassal had to send an appropriately large offering to the capital each year or be threatened with destruction.

As the empire grew, larger and larger groups of Metztlica migrated across the empire to economic hotspots. These new majority-Metztlica exclaves would then be promoted from vassals to core territories of the empire. By 1585, the empire had reach it's greatest extent.

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Borders of the Crescent Empire in from 1585 - 1690 AD. Dark Green are the majority-Metztlica core territories.

 

The Falling Years: 1600 - 1800 AD
Every empire collapse, the the Crescent Empire's collapse was a slow and gruelling one. The over bloated beaurocracy due to so many vassal states and the gradual movement towards decadence meant that the government often lagged behind on critical information, making the one unstoppable Crescent Army the laughing stock of the region. This first became apparent when Salvian crusaders attempted a takeover of the empire to convert it to Christianity - as they had done to their northern neighbour not too long ago. The Crescent Empire should of been able to push them back to sea almost immediately, but it took over fifty years to resist and forcefully expel the crusaders in 1710. This dramatic failure weakened the credibility of the government significantly and fringe vassal states began to break away - most not even threatened with retribution for their treason - and the government slowly fell to in-fighting. There were numerous attempts as reforms, but most were pushed back by the Priesthood or the government. By the end of the 18th century, the empire was only two thirds its size shown above. In 1798, the growing Shffahkia empire swooped into the decaying corpse of the Crescent Empire and tore it to shreds, unceremoniously annexing it as Shffahkia's first overseas non-island colony.

 

 

The Territory of Mezzaluna: 1800 - 1850 AD
From 1800 AD to 1850 AD, the Shffahkian Empire ruled the region corresponding to modern day Metztlitlaca, named the Territory of Mezzaluna. Regions of the old empire that were not directly annexed soon went off on their own paths, most falling to strife and anarchism. The main use of the colony was for crop plantations in the western savanna - where many Shffahkians settled - and for the exportation of precious gems and metals from the interior. Christianity soon spread from Shffahkia into Mezzaluna, joining up with those who were already converted by the Salvian crusaders and converting much of the coast. Even in modern times, the nation of Metztlitlaca is divided by a Catholic coastline and a Huecatoc (native faith) interior. The eastern jungle fringes were severely deforested and used for more intensive crops such as cotton, with slavery often practised in the area. This relationship of exploitation continued up until  Marianne the First would take the throne in Shffahkia. The Premier, Jean-Patrique Lecerf, and the majority of senators back in the empire's capital did not want a woman on the throne especially when they were dealing with the consequences of a ill-advised war elsewhere in Aurelia. As a result, the Senate abolished the monarchy declaring the beginning of the First Shffahko-Republic on November 15, 1848, with Jean-Patrique Lecerf as its first president ending the Shffahkian Empire. This resulted in Marianne I at the age of 24 along with numerous aristocrats fleeing to Mezzaluna to establish a monarchy in exile.

 

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Flag of the Mezzaluna Territory

 

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Territory of Mezzaluna by 1850.

 

Formation of the Crescent Kingdom and Wars of Independence: 1851 - 1873
Marianne Eugène de Caldofondo-Bouvèron and the aristocrats that followed established the Crescent Kingdom of Shffahkia in 1851. Marianne was never officially crowned queen, as she still believed she was the rightful ruler of Shffahkia and that taking a second crown would be a sign of surrender. From 1852 to 1873 numerous wars were fought between the First Shffahko Republic and the Crescent Kingdom of Shffahkia with both sides as aggressors. In 1872 Marianne I died from malaria at the age of 46, leaving the throne to her son Armand Eugène de Caldofondo-Bouvèron who was 21. Armand I soon began to broker a peace between the Crescent Kingdom of Shffahkia and the First Shffahko-Republic. The Shffahko-Republic and the Crescent Kingdom of Shffahkia both agreed to recognise each other's independence and to not place claims onto one another's land or governments, as well as the Crescent Kingdom of Shffahkia reducing its name to just the Crescent Kingdom. Armand I throughout his time on the throne never fought a war against another nation and was soon named Armand the Peaceful. In 1909 Armand and the Crescent government banned the purchasing and selling of individuals of any race or gender, he died a year later in 1910. In 2010, a hundred years after his death, one of the major coastal cities of Metztlitlaca renamed itself to Xamant - City of Armand - in recognition of his duty to the people of the Crescent Kingdom no matter their race or gender. Armand's successor was his son - Armand II - who's mother was an ex-aristocratic Tlaxcalixe (Azlo) lady. Armand II and his successors there-after were as equally despotic as Marianne or had no care to look after the kingdom, eventually leading to it's downfall...

 

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