Nation Name: The Most Serene Republic of Mauridiviah
Indigenous Nation Name: La Serenísima República de Mauridiviah
Government Type: Constitutional Unitary Presidential Republic (The government can also be described as Liberal Social Democracy).
Head of State & Government: President Diego Polo
Branches of Government:
Executive- The President, the Vice President, and the Cabinet form the executive branch.
-The President of the Republic: This office is elected every 5 years by citizens capable of exercising civil and political rights (see Electoral Branch) in a first-past-the-post single national constituency election by recieving at least a plurality of votes. The President must be a citizen of the Republic, at least 18 years of age, be capable of exercising civil and political rights, and have resided within the Republic's borders for at least 5 consecutive years. The President acts as the Speaker of the Senate as well as leading the executive branch. The President has both full veto and line-item veto power, can cast a vote in the legislature regarding the creation of new laws, break ties in the Senate, appoint members of the Cabinet, call referendums on matters of the state, answer petitions on behalf of the state, meet with representatives of other nations as the representative of the Republic, and enforce laws to their discretion. The President serves as both the Head of Government and the Head of State for the Republic.
-The Vice President of the Republic: This office is to be elected in tandem with the President, the holder of this office being the person who recieved the second most votes. The Vice President shall succeed the President if he is impeached, incapacitated, or otherwise absent. The Vice President officially heads the Cabinet. The requirements to be Vice President are identical to those of being President. The Vice President, alongside the Cabinet, advice the President.
-The Cabinet: Members of the Cabinet vary in number and in composition throught a President's term. A Cabinet member's title is simply "Secretary of (Power)", for example a Cabinet member could be the "Secretary of Foreign Relations". A Cabinet member is someone who the President has bestowed upon a certain amount of his executive power in a certain area to accomplish certain things. A Cabinet member must be a citizen of the Republic, and at least 18 years of age upon being appointed. The Senate has to approve all Cabinet appointments that are made of citizens who are not currently serving members of the Senate. The Cabinet can vote to force the impeachment process of any sitting member of the executive, including the President and Vice President, to begin.
Legislature- The legislature is a unicameral chamber of representatives called the Senate.
-The Senate of the Republic: This is the legislative body of the Republic. It is in charge of passing, revising, repealing, and examining the laws of the Republic. In order to pass a law, a majority of votes must be cast in its favor. In order to repeal a previous law, a majority of votes must be cast in favor of repealing said law. In order to overturn a presidential full veto, 2/3 of the legislature must vote in favor of passing the vetoed bill. In order to overturn a presidential line-item veto, 3/5 of the legislature must vote in favor of passing the vetoed bill. Members of the Senate are elected through a proportional single transferable vote election from many multi-member constituencies. The Senate is composed of 1,049 members. The Senate is subdivided into Ministries that focus on certain issues. Members choose what ministries they join, and from its membership members elect a leader, who then becomes the Minister of that Ministry.
-Senators: In order to be a Senator, a candidate must be a citizen capable of exercising civil and political rights, at least 18 years of age, and be elected through a fair election by fellow citizens capable of exercising civil and political rights.
Judicial- The Judicial Branch is composed of the Supreme Court.
-The Supreme Court: The Supreme Court, acting as the highest court of appeals and lording over all other courts in the nation, as well as having the power of judicial review (the power to determine the constitutionality of laws or executive actions), is composed of 33 elected/appointed judges serving 10 year terms. The judges are elected in thirds, each having their own means of election.
First Third: This third is directly elected by the people through ranked pairs in a single national constituency election every 10 years. Second Third: This third is appointed by the Senate of the Republic through a vote. Third Third: This third is chosen by a first-past-the-post election conducted by the College of Lawyers. -The College of Lawyers: An institution composed of all persons certified in law or a related practice by a reputable institution.
-Supreme Court Justices: In order to be a Supreme Court Justice, a candidate must be capable of exercising civil and political rights, at least 25 years of age, certified by a reputable institution in law or a related subject, and be appointed or elected.
Electoral- The Electoral Branch is composed of the Elections Comission and headed by the two Censors.
-The Elections Commission: The Elections Commission is the organization that handles elections and censuses within the Republic. It is composed by various administrative officials and volunteers, with positions of importance being appointed by the Censors and subject to impeachement by the Senate. The Censors together oversee the functioning of this institution.
-The Censors: The Censors are officials elected by citizens capable of exercising civil and political rights in a free, first-past-the-post election every ten years. The same person can serve as a Censor an unlimited amount of terms, however these terms cannot be consecutive. The Second Censor is the runner-up winner of the election to the First Censor. They both have equal power in the Elections Commission, and can veto any action within it. In order to be a Censor, a candidate must fulfill the same requirements as those of a Senator.
-"Capable of Exercising Civil and Political Rights": A citizen capable of exercising civil and political rights is a citizen that has met all the necessary requirements or not been disqualified through criminal activities.
-Basic Requirements to Vote:
Be 14 years of age or older. Be 5-13 years of age and have passed the Literacy and Civics Assessment. Be of sound mind. -Criminals: People that have violated the law may still be able to exercise civil and political rights.
If a citizen has been convicted of a violent offense, an offense of a sexual nature, a fatal offense deemed manslaughter, or an offense of a corrupt or fradulent nature, or treason: The temporary loss of the capability to exercise civil and political rights. If a citizen has been convicted of murder, war crimes, genocide, terrorism, or been placed on the sex offender registry: The loss of the capability to exercise civil and political rights for life, unless otherwised granted said capability by at least three federal judges. Territories: The Republic is composed of 20 non-sovereign States, plus the capital district, which is for all intents and purposes just a really small and local state, that hold administrative powers much like those of a province, except a priviledged few that get a little bit of federal leeway for various reasons.
Official Religion: Mauridiviah is officially a secular nation, but the government often takes an atheistic stance towards issues.
Official Language: The official language of the Republic is Andesian.
Capital City: Maurotopia
-Two Letter Code: MH
-Three Letter Code: MAU
Dial Code: +59
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