The Kingdom of Alenveil
Etymology - The name "Alenveil," comes from what Limonaian merchants called Aavgolt, a land which had managed to survive a bloody civil war. While archaeologists aren't sure where the term "Alenveil" came from, they believe it could have come from an Anglish translation of "Aletta Velo," meaning "Wing Veil."
Geography - The country's geography contains mainly hilled regions with somewhat coastal temperatures in the far south and frigid temperatures in the central and northern parts of Alenviel. Living along the Fractian-Boryean fault line, Alenveil has multiple different gold deposits and has implemented that as one of their main exports, as well as oil located in the far north.
History - (I will add this in later. For now, please check my IIWiki page for the full history.)
Government - Alenian government, after it was freed from Limonaia, became a constitutional monarchy to replace the fall of its kingdoms when the Riforma Rurale completed its goal. Each president rules for five years and then their term ends, but the monarch rules for their entire life. Separate branches of government include a branch for making laws, a branch for making sure the army is kept in check, and a branch to make sure the president is kept in check, (Legislativo, Militante, and Direttore respectively). The leader of the Legislativo branch is the Senato. The leader of the Militante and Direttore are the President and watch over both the monarch and the military. The monarch has a large influence on what laws are made and how they could be influenced to their favor, but the Direttore reviews the Legislativo's laws and approves whether or not this would cause a corrupt leadership to form. Then the law is sent out into the public and voted upon. If it succeeds, soon it will be put into place. If it fails, then they have to rework the law all over again. The Militante branch is what makes sure that the military doesn't attempt to take over or overthrow the government and replace it with loyalists of Ariele Cugno's old, pure monarchy regime.
Military - Because of its increasingly passive nature, the military is the only 1% of Alenveil's population. The armed forces are organized in multiple different branches (National Guardsmen, Army, Air Force, Navy). The police force itself is known as L'incudine, directly translating to "The Anvil" in Limonaian.
Economy - With a population of 15 million, Alenveil makes most of its exports through gold deposits in the west near the fault line, its fishing industry in the south, oil from the north and, above all, pastries! These extremely valuable exports make Alenveil and its economy extremely well-off, even contributing to the Alenian stereotype of being "pompous and snotty." Its international partners include PyeMcGowan and The Neo-Enclave. Transportation includes that of trains and cars, as well as a few rural cities using horsedrawn carriages. Alenveil's unemployment rate is about 17% of the 15-million population. In the sense of tourism, Alenveil attracts most of its tourism for its Winter holiday vacation spots in the hills that cover the central and north of the country, and not its coastal spots which aren't the best throughout its season for tropical vacations.
Demographics - Its demographics include the dominant residents of Limonaian (46%) as well as a mix of Anglish-speaking (24%) and Prymontian (16%) migrants, and its language corresponds. Education is remarkably high for a population with 15 million at an 81% success rate with various schools.
Culture - Alenveil is often known and recognized for its populace's mastery of pastries. Varieties include pastries that are filled and aren't filled, those that can be dipped and those that can be covered in a glaze. In Alenveil, the possibilities are practically endless when it comes to baking. Clothing is extremely popular and is a major part of Alenian life and higher-class citizens make sure that others know how great their appearance is. Morality is a very common thing that is taught in schools and expresses that with education's strict nature for being good and well-mannered. Appearance is also something that is very important to Alenveil and because of their amazing economy with their deposits of gold and oil, they try their best to look their best. These two factors have developed an Alenian stereotype with other countries perceiving them as "pompous and aristocratic," even though they're very humble about their economy and blame the geography for their luck, not themselves. Sports that Alenveil likes to participate in include soccer, rugby, and tennis (they aren't the best at them.) Every 2 years the Festival of Nights is celebrated with much joy. It's a holiday with time-honored roots in the nighttime battle that helped seal the unification of Alenveil, but today it is mostly associated with watching special shows, the creation of art, playing instruments and bonding with family. It is officially celebrated for 1 week, but the final celebrations often last deep into the night and even into the next day. Alenveil has legalized medicinal and psychedelic weed as well as tobacco (cigars and cigarettes).
The Flag of Alenveil
The moon represents an Alenian myth where a warrior-king in Ancient Alenveil history named "Baldrick" laid siege to every other city-state and unified the country of Alenveil. The dark blue represents the southern Auraid Bay, and the white represents the cold northern frontier. The number of white stripes represents the old Paleolithic clans, and the dark blue stripes represent how many nights it took for Baldrick to united The Kingdom of Alenveil.
Anthem: "Baldrick's March"
Nation Name: The Most Serene Republic of Mauridiviah
Indigenous Nation Name: La Serenísima República de Mauridiviah
Government Type: Constitutional Unitary Presidential Republic (The government can also be described as Liberal Social Democracy).
Head of State & Government: President Diego Polo
Branches of Government:
Executive- The President, the Vice President, and the Cabinet form the executive branch.
-The President of the Republic: This office is elected every 5 years by citizens capable of exercising civil and political rights (see Electoral Branch) in a first-past-the-post single national constituency election by recieving at least a plurality of votes. The President must be a citizen of the Republic, at least 18 years of age, be capable of exercising civil and political rights, and have resided within the Republic's borders for at least 5 consecutive years. The President acts as the Speaker of the Senate as well as leading the executive branch. The President has both full veto and line-item veto power, can cast a vote in the legislature regarding the creation of new laws, break ties in the Senate, appoint members of the Cabinet, call referendums on matters of the state, answer petitions on behalf of the state, meet with representatives of other nations as the representative of the Republic, and enforce laws to their discretion. The President serves as both the Head of Government and the Head of State for the Republic.
-The Vice President of the Republic: This office is to be elected in tandem with the President, the holder of this office being the person who recieved the second most votes. The Vice President shall succeed the President if he is impeached, incapacitated, or otherwise absent. The Vice President officially heads the Cabinet. The requirements to be Vice President are identical to those of being President. The Vice President, alongside the Cabinet, advice the President.
-The Cabinet: Members of the Cabinet vary in number and in composition throught a President's term. A Cabinet member's title is simply "Secretary of (Power)", for example a Cabinet member could be the "Secretary of Foreign Relations". A Cabinet member is someone who the President has bestowed upon a certain amount of his executive power in a certain area to accomplish certain things. A Cabinet member must be a citizen of the Republic, and at least 18 years of age upon being appointed. The Senate has to approve all Cabinet appointments that are made of citizens who are not currently serving members of the Senate. The Cabinet can vote to force the impeachment process of any sitting member of the executive, including the President and Vice President, to begin.
Legislature- The legislature is a unicameral chamber of representatives called the Senate.
-The Senate of the Republic: This is the legislative body of the Republic. It is in charge of passing, revising, repealing, and examining the laws of the Republic. In order to pass a law, a majority of votes must be cast in its favor. In order to repeal a previous law, a majority of votes must be cast in favor of repealing said law. In order to overturn a presidential full veto, 2/3 of the legislature must vote in favor of passing the vetoed bill. In order to overturn a presidential line-item veto, 3/5 of the legislature must vote in favor of passing the vetoed bill. Members of the Senate are elected through a proportional single transferable vote election from many multi-member constituencies. The Senate is composed of 1,049 members. The Senate is subdivided into Ministries that focus on certain issues. Members choose what ministries they join, and from its membership members elect a leader, who then becomes the Minister of that Ministry.
-Senators: In order to be a Senator, a candidate must be a citizen capable of exercising civil and political rights, at least 18 years of age, and be elected through a fair election by fellow citizens capable of exercising civil and political rights.
Judicial- The Judicial Branch is composed of the Supreme Court.
-The Supreme Court: The Supreme Court, acting as the highest court of appeals and lording over all other courts in the nation, as well as having the power of judicial review (the power to determine the constitutionality of laws or executive actions), is composed of 33 elected/appointed judges serving 10 year terms. The judges are elected in thirds, each having their own means of election.
First Third: This third is directly elected by the people through ranked pairs in a single national constituency election every 10 years. Second Third: This third is appointed by the Senate of the Republic through a vote. Third Third: This third is chosen by a first-past-the-post election conducted by the College of Lawyers. -The College of Lawyers: An institution composed of all persons certified in law or a related practice by a reputable institution.
-Supreme Court Justices: In order to be a Supreme Court Justice, a candidate must be capable of exercising civil and political rights, at least 25 years of age, certified by a reputable institution in law or a related subject, and be appointed or elected.
Electoral- The Electoral Branch is composed of the Elections Comission and headed by the two Censors.
-The Elections Commission: The Elections Commission is the organization that handles elections and censuses within the Republic. It is composed by various administrative officials and volunteers, with positions of importance being appointed by the Censors and subject to impeachement by the Senate. The Censors together oversee the functioning of this institution.
-The Censors: The Censors are officials elected by citizens capable of exercising civil and political rights in a free, first-past-the-post election every ten years. The same person can serve as a Censor an unlimited amount of terms, however these terms cannot be consecutive. The Second Censor is the runner-up winner of the election to the First Censor. They both have equal power in the Elections Commission, and can veto any action within it. In order to be a Censor, a candidate must fulfill the same requirements as those of a Senator.
-"Capable of Exercising Civil and Political Rights": A citizen capable of exercising civil and political rights is a citizen that has met all the necessary requirements or not been disqualified through criminal activities.
-Basic Requirements to Vote:
Be 14 years of age or older. Be 5-13 years of age and have passed the Literacy and Civics Assessment. Be of sound mind. -Criminals: People that have violated the law may still be able to exercise civil and political rights.
If a citizen has been convicted of a violent offense, an offense of a sexual nature, a fatal offense deemed manslaughter, or an offense of a corrupt or fradulent nature, or treason: The temporary loss of the capability to exercise civil and political rights. If a citizen has been convicted of murder, war crimes, genocide, terrorism, or been placed on the sex offender registry: The loss of the capability to exercise civil and political rights for life, unless otherwised granted said capability by at least three federal judges. Territories: The Republic is composed of 20 non-sovereign States, plus the capital district, which is for all intents and purposes just a really small and local state, that hold administrative powers much like those of a province, except a priviledged few that get a little bit of federal leeway for various reasons.
Official Religion: Mauridiviah is officially a secular nation, but the government often takes an atheistic stance towards issues.
Official Language: The official language of the Republic is Andesian.
Capital City: Maurotopia
-Two Letter Code: MH
-Three Letter Code: MAU
Dial Code: +59