20th Century Corsimenia
International treaties against piracy and the unified global crackdown against pirates rendered Corsimenia's main source of income extinct in the modern era. Being somewhat ostracized from the international scene for their egregious ways, the First Admirals therefore embarked on a policy of sheer isolationism, crippling the Corsimenian economy and causing discontent to grow. Various domestic rebellions arose in the 19th century, the most serious of which (in 1847) caused a chunk of the Corsimenian population to actually split off and depart the nation to form the independent colony of New Corsimenia, too far across the globe to be of concern. The Fintari also campaigned vigorously for their own country, sometimes politically, sometimes militarily, but never with enduring success.
By 1900 the isolationist ideology had slackened enough to allow international trade to flow, especially to and from the harbors and shipyards of Tur, which blossomed in size and wealth. Heavy tariffs still deterred serious foreign investment. A new intellectual movement slowly developed in Tarkhos, known as the Diustomu (Dark Storm) movement, which expressed a common attitude among Corsimenian youth of loneliness and desolation. The seminal event of this movement is widely considered to be the publication of Maximilian Skanring's 1906 novel The Arms of the Tide, which sparked controversy in Corsimenian literary circles and soon inspired many other artists to follow suit. Gradual steps were taken towards freedom for the masses, until the appointment of the extremely conservative First Admiral Indru Kalvanian in 1921.
F.A. Indru Kalvanian
Kalvanian brutally cracked down on political dissidents, shook up the Corsimenian government (removing all known members of the Three Guilds, which he considered to be "secret societies") and struck down many of the freedoms which had been gained since 1906. He also initiated a draft and instituted his own secret police. These measures and others made him extremely unpopular, and another rebellion was brewing. It broke in March 1924, the Andukasti (Year of Blood), when students from the University of Tarkhos who were demonstrating against the government were attacked by Kalvanian's police and fought back. Rebel groups sprouted up all over Corsimenia, and with the aid of some foreign interests who were afraid of what Kalvanian could do if he remained in power, he was deposed and executed (without a trial) in October. Some called for abolishing the position of First Admiral and turning all power over directly to the masses, but the prevailing view was that the Admiralty should remain intact with its power checked and a republican-style Senate in place.
Following the Andukasti Revolution, civil liberties in Corsimenia made great strides and the economy was reopened to foreign investment. This shaky economy went through some long and drastic birth pangs, but eventually settled into a fairly powerful entity. Corsimenia made various treaties and was dragged into several damaging wars in the early 1930s, but patriotic propaganda ensured that these wars remained relatively popular. The Communists attempted a revolution in 1935, which failed, and First Admiral Teli Samunen was assassinated in 1938 by an anarchist. The Three Guilds returned to prominence, and some commentators claim that they heavily influenced the Corsimenian political scene in the 1930s and 40s. As money flowed into the country, so did corruption, and First Admiral Lucas Fingal was unseated in 1943 after the Tarkhos Courier revealed his connections to various crime gangs. A public outcry against the excessive powers of the First Admiral resulted in the Constitutional Conclave in 1944, which reduced the First Admiral's power even more than the post-Andukasti decisions and established the position of President, which was elected by popular vote.
1944 Constitutional Conclave
Corsimenia's first President was Andreis Samunen, son of Teli Samunen, and one of his first major acts was to divide the nation into seven manageable provinces rather than having one centralized administration in Tarkhos. He instituted other government reforms which were popular with the public but not with interests such as the Pirates' Guild, and he was not elected to a second five-year term in 1949. Successive Presidents generally fell into either progressive or conservative segments, and gradually these two segments formed into two political parties: the National Union (NU), which hosted most right-wing candidates, and the Corsimenian National Alliance (CNA), which supported the left wing. These parties were quickly nicknamed the Unionists and the Alliantists.