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Cristina

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Cristina last won the day on June 5

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About Cristina

  • Birthday March 17

Profile Information

  • Gender
    Female
  • Location
    Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
  • Interests
    History, RPG, Brazilian soccer, baking.

NationStates

  • NS
    Free Port of Cristina
  • Capital
    Cristina
  • HoS
    Queen Nova Maxima Korvini
  • HoG
    Adriana Monadic

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  1. From: Adriana Monadic, Minister of State of the Kingdom of Cristina To: Dr. Tim Murithi, Secretary of State of Democratic Republic of @Afropa Salutations, Signore Secretary. May peace be upon you and your nation. Trade can and should always be a win-win process and what the Cristinese envisions shows just that. The Democratic Republic of Afropa and the Kingdom of Cristina working together and reaching a mutually beneficial outcome. We can do it as partners who are willing to discuss, to defend their interests while at the same time being willing to compromise to meet each other's expectations. With this in mind, Cristina invites Afropa to join the growing list of partners willing to work with the Free Port of Cristina in defending open, fair and rules-based trade. In less than fifteen years the Kingdom of Cristina has delivered a deal fit for the economic and political challenges of the 21st century. We now open a new chapter in our long and fruitful economic policies, boosting trade and creating jobs. An agreement between noir two nations also sends a strong message to other partners that it is possible to modernise existing trade relations when both partners share a clear belief in the merits of openness, and of free and fair trade. Our commitment is to deliver benefits for our citizens at home through closer cooperation with our partners abroad. We are sure that a Cristina-Afropa deal will be very positive for our agri-food sector, creating new export opportunities for our high-quality food and drink products, which in turn will create support more jobs and growth, particularly in rural areas of Afropa. Once finalised and approved – it would benefit both companies and consumers across Europa and advance a mutually beneficial values-based trade policy agenda. The agreement in principle may bring the Cristina's trade relationship with Azanian countries into the modern era, tearing down most of the remaining barriers to trade. There is still a wide margin for improving the trade relationship that a new agreement may address, by making virtually all trade in goods duty-free. In principle, our proposal includes the most important elements of possible future agreement. In some chapters, technical details still need to be tied up. Based on its principle, negotiators from both sides will continue their work to resolve the remaining technical issues and finalise the full legal text for the next months. Then, a Commission can proceed with the legal verification and translation of the agreement into all official languages, and subsequently submit it for approval by the partners' legislative bodies. The main elements of the agreement as we envision it are: 1) Agricultural exports from Afropa are set to benefit the most. The agreement will, in particular provide preferential access for many Afropan commodities, which currently are gaining significant new access within annual quotas; secure a considerable volume for the exports in one of the largest Europan markets, allowing Afropa to substantially increase its commodities exports to Cristina, with duty-free trade for virtually all products; eliminate tariffs for products like chocolate (currently up to 20%) and pasta (currently up to 10%); ensure the protection from imitation for 340 distinctive Europan foods and drink products in Afropa, so-called geographical indications. This means that Cristinese and other Europan producers of traditional delicacies are not struggling against copies, and when consumers buy these products they can do so knowing they are buying the real thing. When it comes to customs procedures, the new agreement will bring in new rules to simplify and speed up paperwork and physical checks at Afropan customs. 2) The agreement will include a comprehensive trade and sustainable development chapter, which sets the highest standards of labour, safety, environmental and consumer protection; introduces a new dialogue with civil society in all areas of the agreement, strengthens the Cristina and Afropa's actions on sustainable development and climate change, notably the obligations both sides undertook under international agreements on climate change; and maintains and fully safeguards both nation's right to organise public services the way they choose. The agreement may also include an explicit reference to the precautionary principle that, already enshrined in Cristinese treaties, allows the Kingdom of Cristina to keep products out of its market as long as there is no scientific certainty that they are safe. If in place it will also be the very first Cristinese trade agreement to include provisions to fight corruption, with measures to act against bribery and money laundering. The agreement may also cover the protection of human rights, as well as chapters on political and development cooperation. 3) The agreement may be a big step forward in giving companies mutual access to government contracts in both the Cristina and Afropa public procurement markets. Afropan and Cristinese companies will be placed on an equal footing, irrespective of whether they present a bid in Cristina or in Afropa. Cristina has also committed itself to enter into negotiations with Afropa to allow Afropan firms to tender for contracts at State level by the time the agreement is signed. 4) This opening goes hand in hand with setting a level playing-field: we propose a high level of protection of intellectual property rights. This is to protect Cristinese research and development and guarantees fair pay for Cristinese and Afropan artists, as well as the 340 traditional Cristinese delicacies mentioned above. 5) The new agreement may open up trade in services, such as financial services, transport, e-commerce, and telecommunications. The agreement will also help develop an favourable environment for a knowledge-based economy, with a new chapter on digital trade. This will remove unnecessary barriers to online trade, like charging customs duties when downloading an app, and will put in place clear rules to protect consumers online. 6) On investment protection, the agreement improves investment conditions and includes the Cristina's new Cristinese Trade and Investment Promotion Institute - IPCI, ensuring transparency and the right of governments to regulate in the public interest, and will also ensure that Afropa and the Cristina work towards the setting up of a Multilateral Investment Court. We expect that negotiations for a new agreement with Afropa starts soon, based on negotiating directives conducted according to the high transparency standards. In addition to close scrutiny from International Councils and Trade Organisations, we expect that Afropa and Cristina ensure access to information about the progress in the negotiations by publishing regular reports from the negotiating rounds, as well as negotiating proposals. Overall, an agreement will strengthen Europa's role in shaping globalisation by putting in place trade rules that are in line with the Europa''s core values and safeguard our nation's interests and sensitivities. In doing so, it will contribute to addressing challenges identified in both Afropan and Cristinese recent history. May the trade pillar set the framework for Cristina's relationship with Afropa and covers issues of broader shared interest that go beyond trade, including political issues, climate change and human rights. Regards, Adriana Galini Monadic Minister of State _____________________________________ Ooc: I know Afropa has been inactive here, but this trade proposal is something I was planning to play with him sometime ago. I hope he come back someday soon.
  2. From: Nova Maxima Korvini To: Holy Emperor Kommodos III Sir My Brother, the Grace of God on you. On the behalf of the daughters and sons of the free city of Cristina, I who humbly serve them, wish to extend my thanks to your willingness to accept our nation as a friend. Committed I am to the establishment of the peace treaty with the Greater Holy Empire of Tagmatium, I took the liberty to write myself so important words. Like Your Majesty, we believe that all of us will, for the sake of our young generation, keep the peace, the respect and the sincere friendship. The peace saves the lives of tens of thousands of young people. I know it’s not simple, I know there are people who try to frustrate peace. I really believe that both our governments will do whatever they can to keep it deep, sincere, strong and serious for the sake of your people, for the sake of our people. Being desirous of strengthening the cordial relations which so happily begin between our two countries, I have personally selected Mrs Luana Lopeli to be our ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary. Despite her youth, Mrs Lopeli is a highly qualified loyal officer who is well versed in world affairs. I have long relied on her. The Ministrer of Foreign and Internal Trade and Telecommunications of the Kingdom of Cristina, Mr Nico Salano presents its compliments to the Agios Basilikon Kounsistorion of the Megas Agios Basileia ton Arhomnion and has the honor to invite their attention to the above matter. The credentials of Mr. Nikoteles were properly evaluated by the loyal Minister Nico Salano and fully approved. By his arrival in Cristina, Mr Nikoteles will be received by Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Aline, principessa reale Carolina Korvini, following the old traditions of my House, and took to the recently restored mediaeval complex of the Church of Sant'Andrea where is being installed your nation's chancery. I am sure that he will find so many friends here. Finally, I express my highest esteem and consideration toward your Majesty. May the troubles be less and the blessings be more, and nothing but happiness come through your great nation.
  3. Cristina is officially presented to the candidates for 2021 election to Minister of State By Diana Goggina Thursday 4 June 2020 City of Cristina - The National Council appointed this Thursday morning the three partisan candidates that will run for Minister of State in the General Elections to be held on January 10, 2021. There were no surprises in the nominations, and the nominees were those who have the greatest support in the Council, among their own parties and the public opinion. The highly popular Keyla Rossi is the candidate for Union for Cristina (UPC) and will have the formal support of the Libertarian Viewpoint (VL) party. The Afropan-Cristinese currently exercises her third term as a member of the National Council. She proposes a classic liberal economic agenda and a more liberal position from the government on social issues such as abortion, marijuana legalization and same-sex marriage, as opposed to the dominant social conservative stances established by the governments of the Rally for Cristina (RPC). Gianluca Di'Copolla, candidate for the RPC was Minister for Social Affairs from 2013 to 2016. Known for his speeches in favor of increasing the budget for the defense forces and for public security, Di'Copolla defends a tougher confrontation in relation to Mantellan policies towards Cristina and a greater participation of the Orthodox Church in the affairs of the state. Di'Copolla is a close friend of current Minister of State Adriana Monadic, who calls him "professor". The third candidate is Mario Letti from the New People's Party (NPP). Letti was the party leader from 2015 to 2017, after the death of its founder Leonel Brizzo. The candidate, who will have the formal support of the Socialism and Liberty (SEL) party and the nominal support of the Republican party, defends greater regulation of the internet and of the national industry, especially in the arms and in the health sectors. Letti proposes greater state intervention in labor relations and in the economy "with the aim of protecting the interests of the working class". The NPP also proposes the formation of a committee to organize a referendum on the end of the Monarchy and the establishment of a modern Cristinese Republic. Rossi, Di'Copolla, Letti and Datena: who is going to be the people's favorite? The three candidates will compete with the candidate officially nominated yesterday by the Queen Nova Maxima Korvini, the Marquis Valdo Datena, as mandated by the Constitution. Datena is a very well known lawyer and political scientist and is the father of the former Speaker of the National Council and current Cristinese Delegate for ATARA, Francesco Datena. He advocates a more active international policy and the advancement of the talks and peace agreements with Mantella. All candidates and their initial platforms have been approved by the Tribunale Elettorale Nazionale (TEN) and from now on they will have six months to officially present their proposals to society. This will be made through the use of radio and TV networks, newspapers and the various online platforms. In-person and virtual interviews in the media vehicles and debates between candidates are expected by the Cristinese electorate in the coming months. After being elected the winner will be subject to the Queen's appointment to the office.
  4. Cristinese Innovative Solutions unveils lighter, faster, stronger second generation exoskeleton robotic suit prototype By Diego Rodinno, RCN Monday 25 May 2020 CITTÀ DI LOMONE, Limonaia - Cristinese Innovative Solutions (CEX: CIS) unveiled its second generation Exoskeleton (EXS-II) prototype at its research facility in Città di Limone, Limonaia, during a demonstration with Agenzia Giornalistica Limonaia (AGL). The new robotic suit is lighter, faster and stronger than its predecessor, yet it uses 50 percent less power. Its enhanced design also means that it is more resistant to the environment. “EXS-II was essentially a proof of concept,” said Dr. Horatio Vanic, vice president of operations for CIS. “With EXS-II, we targeted power consumption and looked for ways to use the hydraulic energy more efficiently. That’s resulted in us being able to add capabilities while significantly reducing power consumption.” CIS is developing the robotic suit to help with the many logistics challenges faced by the military both in and out of theater. Repetitive heavy lifting can lead to injuries, orthopedic injuries in particular. The EXS-II does the lifting for its operator, reducing both strain and exertion. It also does the work faster. One operator in an exoskeleton suit can do the work of two to three soldiers. Deploying exoskeletons would allow military personnel to be reassigned to more strategic tasks. Photo: EXS-II: Lighter, faster and stronger than its predecessor. The prototype suit is built from a combination of structures, sensors, actuators and controllers, and it is powered by high pressure hydraulics. It enables its wearer to easily lift 200 pounds several hundred times without tiring and repeatedly punch through three inches of wood. Yet, the suit, which was developed for the Royal Army, is also agile and graceful enough to let its wearer kick a soccer ball, punch a speed bag or climb stairs and ramps with ease. “Getting exoskeletons deployed is inevitable in my view,” said Vanic. “They are desperately needed, and I believe the military looks at them as viable solutions to a number of current issues they are trying to address. With a sustained commitment, they could be in place within five years.” CIS' Exoskeleton has the ability to enhance the wearer’s strength and endurance in a way that is reminiscent of high-tech suits in the films. CIS Company, with 2009 sales of $25 billion, is a technology and innovation leader specialising in defense, homeland security and other government markets throughout the world. With a history of innovation spanning 70 years, CIS provides state-of-the-art electronics, mission systems integration and other capabilities in the areas of sensing; effects; and command, control, communications and intelligence systems, as well as a broad range of mission support services. With headquarters in Cristina, @Limonaia and @Fleur de Lys, CIS employs 85,000 people worldwide.
  5. To: the Agios Basilikon Kounsistorion of the Megas Agios Basileia ton Arhomnion From: Office of the Ministry of Foreign and Internal Trade and Telecommunications of the Kingdom of Cristina Your Majesty, The good people of the Kingdom of Cristina, loyal subjects of Her Majesty the Queen, are greatly honoured by the perspective of building a friendship with the Greater Holy Empire of Arome. We apologise profusely about the delay of our response, since your words were carefully considered by Her Majesty Queen Nova Maxima Korvini, her Crown Council and the national parliament alike. Know that we are humbled by the desire of your Majesty, Kommodos III, to build relations with our beloved nation and that we are also looking forward to establishing an embassy on your soil in order to maintain peaceful relations. Ever since our bloody Independence from a foreigner oppressive regime in the recent past, we are strong supporters of liberty, property and peace and have been looking to make steps toward friendly approaches with the free nations of the world. Today, the Kingdom of Cristina makes one more step forward on this way to the future by accepting your hand in friendship. The Cristinese see many benefits to be had through forming diplomatic bonds between our two countries, such as the rapprochement of our cultures and traditions, proud descendants from an ancestral common origin. As the long and glorious Cristinese history can tell, we will try our very best to help those in need and secure our region of Europa to ensure sustainability, stability and peace. The good people of Cristina pray for the intercession of Agios Alexandros o Diakonos along the good God to advance this sincere relation between our nations to a greater future of economic and diplomatic benefits. May Christ see that our nations coexist in peace. Yours sincerely, Franco Bilaro Minister of Foreign and Internal Trade and Telecommunications
  6. Anti-corruption body says accused stole more than DL$100,5 million By Samantha Fanni, RCN Saturday 16 May 2020 CITY OF CRISTINA - Royal Anti-corruption Commission said on friday that an investigation into those accused of corruption seized more than DL$100,5 million, according to a statement released. The anti-corruption commission, formally known as the Anti-Corruption Authority, said they heard statements from 333 people, out of whom 154 were charged and arrested. According to the commission’s the accused were charged for “various financial and administrative corruption crimes represented in bribery, embezzlement, waste of public money, exploitation of position, and public office administrative misuse.” The investigation found that 8 persons, including four military officers – one of whom is the Major General Antoni Faccio and others who are retired military officers – were charged for misusing government contracts at the Kingdom’s Defense Ministry and their involvement in bribery and money laundering crimes between 2013 and 2017. Eleven people were also found to have committed financial and administrative corruption crimes represented in the exploitation of contracts at the Ministry of Social Affairs and Health in the private Rete Salute Hospital in the ward of Feliccia, including chief pharmacist Dr. Gina Vanilli and three residents. Four officials between Santa Rita Private University in the ward of Bizantina, one working in the Public Secretary of the Communal Council, and Sandra Danetti, a former employee at the Ministry of Public Administration, were also found to have been involved in financial and administrative corruption cases. An investigation centered around the violations of regulations and instructions which resulted in a severe damage to one of the university’s buildings which resulted in injuries and deaths. The commission also said that seven persons – including Royal Army Colonel Thor Torino and two other employees from the sectors of the Ministry of Defense – were charged for abuse of power and bribery. The commission’s investigation also led to the arrest of judge Paola Salezzi who received a bribe, and Judge Melissa Totti who misused her position and influence.
  7. Obrigado, my tagmatine friend!!!
  8. The House of Korvini The House of Korvini is associated with the history of the Republic of Mantella and the Kingdom of Cristina. The Korvinis descend from Korvino Valdo, a Mantellan statesman that became Vicar of Modena at the age of 30. His numerous descendants led maritime expeditions throughout all Europan seas. They quickly became one of the most powerful families of Mantella. Korvino Valdo (circa 1030). The Korvini feared that the head of the rival family, the House of Pomarola, could break the fragile balance of power in a political coup and become lords of most Mantellan cities. They entered into an alliance with the Valentini family and defended their interests with the sword. But the Valentinis were banned from the Kingdom, and the Korvinis took refuge in their castles in Skrovja. They signed a treaty with King Drogan II of Skrovja to take control of the Mantellan port city of Saint Christ, and generally to provide mutual assistance. Not all the Korvinis chose to return to Mantella, as they preferred to settle in their fiefdoms, where they could raise armies. Count Andreas Korvini the "Silver Crow" (1665). Decades later, the Korvinis and their allies launched a few galleys to attack the port of Saint Christ before taking refuge on the Bay of Mandi in Western Mantella. During the following years, the Korvinis entered into different alliances that would allow them to return to power in Saint Christ. This time, it was the turn of their rivals, the Pomarola family, to be exiled from Mantella. During this period, both the Valentini and the Korvini took and abandoned the castle of Monardi, which was ideally located to launch political and military operations against Saint Christ. Queen Maxima Valentini Korvini (1716). In the early 17th, the Skrovjans raided the shores of Mantella, challenging King Esteban I of Mantella and Lord Horacio Korvini of Saint Christ. In 1663, a combined fleet of eighty Mantellan galleys gathered to meet the fleet of sixty galleys under the command of Horacio's son, Lord Andreas Korvini, to fight the Skrovjans. Only nine of the assembled vessels survived the fierce battle. Fearing an invasion, the Korvini rushed to request the protection of the Emakera. Queen Cristina Maxima Korvini the Unbeaten (1780). Several of the oldest feudal branches of the House of Korvini appeared during these conflicts, such as the branches of Tatiani and Cecilia. In 1714, Andreas' son, Teodoro Korvini, took advantage of the death of the Skrovjan King Goran in the aftermath of the bloody Skrovjan Revolution as well as of family feuds in Mantella. to consolidate Korvini's possession of Saint Christ, declaring it a independent city-state with the support of the Orthodox Church. This the origin of the today’s kingdom (1714). Teodoro was crowned king of Saint Christ in the same year. Korvini flag until 1714. In the following decades, when Mantella became a part of Emakera, the region came under Skrovjan influence again but Skrovjan king Petrus Mandic allowed the Kingdom of Saint Christ to remain independent in a truce with Queen Cristina Maxima Korvini after the Battle of Sabatini (1780). In 1847 the Korvini family and the National Council renamed the free city to City of Cristina and the kingdom to Kingdom of Cristina (Regna Cristina) after the Queen Cristina Maxima Korvini, the greatest and most popular of the Korvini queens. In 1937, The Kingdom of Cristina was over-run by foreign powers during the War of Mantella and for a short time it was administered by Emakera and then Mantella, before finally self-declare it's independence in 2001 under the leadership of the then Prince Rober Mantegni Korvini and Princess Nova Korvini. Since then Cristina has been independent and has taken some steps towards integration with the rest of Europa. King Leandro Korvini (1850). As was customary in the old Kingdom of Mantella the Korvinis organised their family ties within a corporation called albergo. In the political reform led by King Danic II Iof Mantella, the Korvini became one of the 18 alberghi of the Kingdom of Mantella, which included the Valentini and Pomarola families, and to which other families were formally invited to join. The House of Korvini provided several doges, cardinals, cabinet ministers, and military officers of historical note. King Fernandi Korvini (1928). By convention, the Mantellan houses are reckoned in the male line. Therefore it has been determined genealogically that it was in fact the noble House of Giordi that ruled as Kings of Cristina until the conquest of the city in the Great War, circa 82 years ago. However, one of the terms of Fernando Valentini becoming Prince of Cristina jure uxoris was that he adopt the name and arms of Korvini so that the house would be preserved on the throne, and the right of succession was through his wife Diana Maxima Korvini, who abdicated in her husband's favour. Similarly, when princess Carla Louisagna was legitimised as queen and made successor to her mother Cristina Maxima Korvini, her husband, Count Pietri Giordi, adopted, as a condition of the marriage, the name and arms of Korvini. In this way the "Korvini" name and arms were continued. King Rober Mantegni Korvini II (2005). Until Cristina Independence from eighteen years ago, a treaty between Cristina and Mantella stated that if the reigning King ever failed to leave dynastic offspring, then sovereignty over the Korvini realm would revert to Mantella. The 2010 Modena agreement modified this to expand the pool of potential heirs to dynastic collaterals of the reigning King (excluding adoptive heirs, hitherto allowed, e.g. Queen Nova Maxima and her descendants), guaranteeing Cristina's independence. Article I of Cristina's house law requires that the reigning King or Queen bear the surname of Korvini. Additionally the Queens of Cristina traditionally bear the title "Maxima" following their given names, after the Queen Maxima Korvini, the first Korvini queen. Queen Nova Maxima Korvini (2017). The current reigning monarch of Cristina is the Queen Nova Maxima Korvini who is the country's head of state after the death of her husband, King Rober II of Cristina, thirteen years ago. As a Princess, she led the country towards it’s independence war from the Mantella, in wich Cristina claimed victory after ten years of heavy armed conflict. Seventeen years ago she unilaterally proclaimed Kingdom of Cristina independent. The coat of arms of the House of Korvini is described simply as a black crowned crow with opened wings. Korvini Sigil List of Korvini Monarchs • 1714-1716: King Teodoro Korvini (Queen Maxima Korvini) • 1716-1721: Queen Maxima Korvini Union with House Valentini: • 1721-1743: King Fernando Valentini Korvini (Queen Diana Maxima Korvini) • 1743-1759: King Luigi Valentini Korvini (Queen Isabella Maxima Korvini) • 1759-1778: King Carlo Valentini Korvini (Queen Carolina Maxima Korvini) • 1778-1781: Queen Cristina Maxima Korvini Union with Mandic Dynasty of Skrovja: • 1781-1798: King Goran Mandic Korvini (Queen Cristina Maxima Korvini) • 1798: Queen Carla Maxima Korvini (a.k.a. Duchess Carla of Louisagna) Union with House Giordi: • 1798-1815: Petri Giordi Korvini (Queen Carla Maxima Korvini) • 1815-1848: King Francesco Giordi Korvini (Queen Carolina Maxima Korvini II) • 1848-1874: King Leandro Giordi Korvini (Queen Alessandra Maxima Korvini) • 1874-1928: King Petri Giordi Korvini II (Queen Francini Maxima Korvini) • 1928-1937: King Fernando Giordi Korvini (Queen Carolina Maxima Korvini III) • 1937: Princess Carina Korvini Union with House Mantegni In exile: • 1937-1962: King Tito Mantegni Korvini (Queen Carina Maxima Korvini) • 1962-2001: King Rober Mantegni Korvini I (Queen Catarina Maxima Korvini) Free Port of Cristina: • 2001-2005: King Rober Mantegni Korvini II (Queen Nova Maxima Korvini) • 2005-today: Queen Nova Maxima Korvini Select list of Non-monarch Korvinis: • Korvino Valdo (969-1038): Seafarer merchant, vicar of Modena, founder of this House. • Alberto Korvini (1028-1065): First to bear the Korvini patronymic name, seafarer. • Luigi Korvini (1042-1098) Troubadour and podestà of Modena and Corolla. • Rainaldi I (1117-1196): First lord of Saint Christ, admiral of Mantella. Rainaldi I (1147). • Rainaldi II (1138-1205): Lord of Saint Christ, Carini, and Matovia, seafarer. • Antonio Korvini (1170-1238): Lord of Saint Christ, admiral of Modena. • Lucas Korvini (1177-1250): Lord of Matovia, Corolla and Carini. • Marco Korvini (1179-1253): Lord of Matovia, Corolla and Carini. • Langberto Korvini (1181-1258): Seafarer merchant, admiral. • Claudia of Modena (1182-1260): Duchess of Modena. • Sabini (?-1267): Orthodox patriiarch. • Nicola I (1200-1267): Prince of Skrovja. • Nicola II (1200-1275): Lord of Saint Christ. • Giliard Korvini (died 1300). Created a Cardinal in 1257. He married Francesca Catinari of Modena and had five children. After her death he entered holy orders. He was a Senator of Modena. • Luca Korvini (1319-1375): Lord of Saint Christ, seafarer explorer. Luca Korvini (1357). • Luis de Modena (1354-1445): Lord of Saint Christ, doge of Modena. • Domician (1355-1447): Archbishop of Saint Christ and uncle of Carlo Korvini-Cavalleri. • Carlo Korvini-Cavalleri (1376–1463): Cardinal and Archbishop of Corolla. • Danele Korvini (1385-1460): Lord of Saint Christ, seafarer. • Eleuteri Korvini (1422-1504): Created a Cardinal in 1491. • Carlo I (1423-1494): Lord of Saint Christ • Alexandre Korvini (1458-1516): doge of Modena. • Carlo II (1458-1510): Lord of Saint Christ • Giovanni Battista Korvini (1490-1554): doge of Modena, seafarer merchant, admiral • Petri Francis Korvini (1527-1588): Doge of Corolla. • Valerio the "Black" (1549-1588): Pirate. • Horacio Korvini (1597-1662): Lord of Saint Christ. • Andreas Korvini (1627-1689): Lord of Saint Christ, admiral of Mantella (from 1665 to 1667) and father of Teodoro Korvini, first Korvini King. • Cristiana Korvini (1692-1753) Princess of Saint Christ. Princess Adriana Korvini (1725). • Nicola Korvini (1692–1757): Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of May 17, 1723 • Adriana Korvini (1695-1754): Princess of Saint Christ. • Francis the "Sea Crow" (1695-1755): Pirate. • Altiva Korvini (1723-1795) Princess of Cristina, younger sister of King Luigi Valentini Korvini. • Carla Campesini (1730-1808): Niece of King Luigi Valentini Korvini, landowner in Corolla, founder of Compagnia Campesini Mineraria • Eliani Korvini (1758-1819): Princess of Cristina, younger sister of King Carlo Korvini. • Heleno Korvini (1778-1841): Prince of Cristina, nephew of King Carlo Korvini. • Filipi I (1785-1856): Prince of Cristina, younger brother of Heleno Korvini. Prince Filipi I (1840). • Carlo III (1818-1889): Prince of Cristina. • Albertino I (1848-1922): Prince of Cristina. • Fernanda Korvini (1870-1949): Princess of Cristina, nurse • Piero Korvini (1881-1964): Prince of Cristina. Count of Modena, Admiral of the Royal Cristina Navy from 1935 to 1937. • Rainieri Korvini (1923-2005): Count of Roca, actor. • Roberto Alexandre Korvini, General of Royal Cristina Army (born 1958). • Caroline Louise Korvini (born 1961), entrepreneur. Caroline Louise Korvini, President of the Korvini Corporation (2015). • Anna Maria Elisabeti Korvini (born 1965), physician. • Carolina Korvini, Princess of Cristina, Duchess of Aline, actress and singer (born 2002). Korvini Anthem Harmony of Forever All we see floats with the wind - All the miracles of the water Are the miracles never seen Somehow our lives now begin - This music that's been played through time Now starts to reach our feet Feels like the flood of our needs - From the harmony of forever Sound the melodies of the sea And you will know on the way - We're coming back to our enemies We're turning around We'll be just coming back to our last days We're coming back to the sea! - Giovanni Battista Korvini (1490-1554), doge of Modena
  9. The Cristinese military is arguably one of the most technologically advanced in Europa. It comprises the Regio Esercito (Royal Army), Regia Marina (Royal Navy), and the Regia Aeronautica Militare (Royal Air Force). It is seen as the guarantor of the country's independence. This principle translates into the culture, involving all citizens in the country's defence. The country dedicates about 30% of the government spending to the military. Military age: 16.5 years of age Conscription: 18 years of age, 22- to 24-month period (compulsory) Available for military service: 1,255,902, age 18–49 (2016 est.) Fit for military service: 2,105,973, age 18–49 (2016 est.) Reaching military age annually: 52,466 (2016 est.) Active personnel: 72,000 (incl. average 46,800 conscripts annually) Reserve personnel: 1,386,000+ (2016 est.) Expenditures Budget: DL $15.085 billion (US$10.77bn) Percent of GDP: 3.2% Industry Domestic suppliers: Siena Fleet Systems (SFS), Cristina Arms Solutions (CAS), Supermarina The Royal Defense Forces (RDF) is being developed to respond to a wide range of issues, in both conventional and unconventional warfare. The Defense Science and Technology Agency is responsible for procuring resources for the military. The geographic restrictions of the Free Port of Cristina mean that the RDF must plan to fully repulse an attack, as they can not fall back and re-group. The small size of the population has also affected the way the RDF has been designed, with a moderate active force but a large number of reserves. It has an active strength of around 70,800 personnel and is capable of mobilising over a million reservists. Mariners of the Royal Navy. Deterrence and diplomacy have been the fundamental tenets of Cristina's military defence policy. Through the years, the military has developed extensive links with armed forces from other countries. In recent years, there has also been an increased emphasis on international peace-keeping and relief operations, notably the peace-keeping operations. Cristina has conscription for all able-bodied males at age 18, except those with a criminal record. Those who have yet to complete pre-university education or are awarded the Public Service Commission scholarship can opt to defer their draft. Though not required to perform military service, the number of women in the RDF has been increasing: since the kingdom's independence they have been allowed to fill military vocations formerly reserved for men. Before induction into a specific branch of the armed forces, recruits undergo at least 9 weeks of basic military training. AV-81 Terra armoured amphibious combat vehicle. Training involving activities such as live firing and amphibious warfare is often carried outside the urban area and are typically barred to civilian access. This also avoids risk to the city. However, large-scale drills are considered too dangerous to be performed in the area, and have been performed in the Cristinese Protectorate in Mantella. Training is also held in about a dozen other countries. In general, military exercises are held with foreign forces once or twice per week. Due to airspace and land constraints, the Royal Air Force (RAM) maintains a number of overseas bases and in [nation]Mantella[/nation]. The RAM's 11 Squadron is based in RAM Base Brosinek, Western Mantella. The RAM also has a few overseas detachments in other Europan countries. The RDF has sent forces to assist in operations outside the country. It has helped stabilise western Mantella and also helped in relief efforts and humanitarian aid missions in @Afropa. D&D Mustang native armored amphibious carrier The RDF utilises technology as "force multipliers", especially in the area of integration, which will enable its various units to fight in an integrated manner. The Army, Air Force and Navy are linked via advanced data-links and networks to enable coordinated attacks and support for various units and forces. Technology is an important element in the RDF's transformation into a 3rd Generation Fighting Force. The RDF acknowledges that technology is crucial for overcoming the limitations of Cristina's small population. Having consistently had one of the largest defence budgets in the region, the Free Port of Cristina has focused on maintaining its spending on sophisticated and superior weaponry. Research and experimentation to develop a technological edge began fifteen years ago, even though the RDF then had only rudimentary capabilities. The effort started off with a three-man team. At present, the RDF is one of the largest employers of engineers and scientists in Cristina and continues to devote considerable resources to defence research and development (R&D) and experimentation – 5% and 1% of the defence budget, respectively. Cristina's education system has also produced national servicemen who can be trained to operate RDF's sophisticated platforms and systems. Royal Army soldiers conducting military training mission. The country also has an advanced and well established military manufacturing industry that is responsible for the design and development of hight-tech military hardware such as: • C1 Aries MBT: Modern main battle tank. • Sago IFV: 8x8 wheeled infantry fighting vehicle (an advanced upgrade of the Mantellan VCC) • Matadore: Unguided short range Anti-rmour weapon • Ursa: Light weight howitzer • CAS AR-2: Multirole combat and assault Rifle • Estelar-Class stealth frigates: Warships designed with stealthy characteristics, equipped with advanced combat systems and with longer endurance. • F-13 Vulturi: A single-seat, single-jet engine, 4.5th generation multirole fighter designed for the Air Force and Navy. The aircraft is equipped with a wide range of weapons and is intended to perform air supremacy, interdiction, aerial reconnaissance, ground support, in-depth strike, anti-ship strike missions. It has a tail-less cropped delta-canard configuration, which provides for high maneuverability. The Vulturi has been developed as a joint Cristina-[nation=noflag]Fleur de lys[/nation]. Aérospatiale-Siena Mirage 2000D/A-2 "Korvo" attack aircraft. The Royal Defense Forces consists of the: • Army (three Combined Arms Divisions, two Army Operational Reserve Divisions and one island defence command); • Air Force (twenty eight squadrons and ten air bases); • Navy (eleven squadrons and two naval bases) The RDF is headed by the Chief of Defence Force (CDF), a three-star General (i.e. Lieutenant General) by establishment and the sole and only (active) RDF General that can be promoted or hold three-star rank; he is assisted by the three chiefs of the respective services (Army, Airforce, Navy), who are two-star generals/admirals by establishment (or Major-General/ Rear-Admiral). The RDF has a Sergeant Major who currently holds the rank of CWO. The CDF is supported by various staff from branches such as the Joint Operations and Planning Directorate, the Joint Manpower Department, the Joint Logistic Department, the Military Intelligence Organisation and the Foreign Military Liaison Branch. AATC 206 armoured all-terrain carrier of the Royal Army Supporting the combat role of the RDF, are other governmental organisations of the Ministry of Defence, such as the Defence Policy Group, the Defence Management Group, the Defence Industry and System Office and the Defence Research and Technology Office. Within these groups are the Defence Science and Technology Agency (DSTA), the Central Manpower Base (CMPB), and the Military Security Department (MSD). Domestic technology companies also play a role in building up Cristinese military capabilities, particularly the government-linked Siena Fleet Systems (SFS), Cristina Arms Solutions (CAS), and Draco and Domini Co. (D&D), both which designed and built some of the RDF's more advanced weaponry and equipment based on specific local requirements which may be expensive for foreign companies to adapt and produce. The Special Operations Task Force, composed of the selected members of the Special Operations Force, CDF Commando Formation, Naval Diving Unit and other forces integrated under one command, is formed to combat common terrorist threats. Frigates and Corvettes of the Royal Navy in the Byzantine Sea.
  10. Cuisine Cristinese cuisine is a mixture of the Central Europan cuisine (especially @Fleur de Lys and @Magnaeus) and the Mantellan cuisine. Historically, Cristinese cuisine was divided into town, farmhouse, castle and monastic cuisines Ethnologically, the most characteristic Cristinese dishes were one-pot dishes, such as ricet, Cristinese stew, minestrone, and poltiglia buckwheat spoonbread. The nut roll (potica) has become a symbol of Cristina, especially among the cristinese population in Mantella and Emakera. Soups were added to the traditional one-pot meals and various kinds of porridge and stew only in relatively recent history. Cristinese minestrone Roasted potatoes, which have been traditionally served in most Cristinese families only on Sundays—preceded by a meat-based soup, such as beef or chicken soup—have been depicted on a special edition of post marks by the Post of Cristina on 16 October 2012. The best known sausage is Salsiccia di Carniola. Sports In Cristina football is the most popular sport. Basketball and volleyball are also popular. The three sports have their own federations, the Cristinese Football Federation (Federazione Cristina Calcistica - FCC), the Cristinese Basketball Association (Associazione Cristina Pallacanestro - ACPAC) and the Cristinese Volleyball League (Lega Cristina Pallavolo- LCPAV). Despite being the most popular sport, the Cristinese national football team, nicknamed the "Squadra d'Oro", was having little success (being made up of part-timers drawn from some local sportive clubs) until 2018 when it has qualified for the UENA World Cup, in Orioni. In their first appearance in a major tournament they were knocked out in the Quarter-finals. Amandine Navara, star of the Women's National Volleyball Team.
  11. I was thinking something related to Byzantium Nova when I wrote about Cristinese Church, just because it's closer to Cristina. Since BN is gone even before my time here I could not develope anything else. Following my early ideas and what I could write about, the Autocephaly of Cristinese Orthodox Church was met some years after Cristina became a independent Kingdom in 1714, when it reached a notable number of learned clerics, a more regulated monastic life and a more stable church hierarchy. Also there was a charismatic figure of a monk named Titus of Modena (now St. Titus) who came to led the church in the city and, taking it all in account, sought that the head of the Cristinese church was appointed not by BN but by somewhere else (maybe Aroma?), "breaking" with BN church. I haven't thought much about it lately, but it is something I would like to work on... or maybe change everything. Any ideas?
  12. Education and Culture Education for primary, secondary, and tertiary levels is largely driven by the private sector. All institutions, private and public, must be registered with the Ministry of Public Administration. Cristinese is the language of instruction in all public schools, and all subjects are taught and examined in Cristinese. Royal University of Cristina. Education takes place in three stages: primary, secondary, and pre-university education. Only the primary level is compulsory. Students begin with six years of primary school, which is made up of a four-year foundation course and a two-year orientation stage. The curriculum is focused on the development of Cristinese, the mother tongue, mathematics, and science. Secondary school lasts from four to five years, and is divided between Special, Express, Normal (Academic), and Normal (Technical) streams in each school, depending on a student's ability level. The basic coursework breakdown is the same as in the primary level, although classes are much more specialised. Pre-university education takes place over two to three years at senior schools, mostly called Junior Colleges. Post-secondary education institutions include four polytechnics, institutes of technical education (ITEs), three private universities and one public university of which the Royal University of Cristina and the Korvini Technological University are among the top 20 universities in Europa. Cristina is an education hub, with more than 80,000 international students in 2017. 5,000 students from Mantella cross the borders daily to attend schools in the Free Port. In 2017, 20% of all students in Cristinese universities were international students – the maximum cap allowed. Culture Music: The country has a long and rich musical tradition, closely linked to that of Mantella and @Fleur de Lys, but which is also highly independent in itself. In the 17th century, composers including the Cristinese Roberto Valdoti wrote some of the finest pieces of the era. Regina Opera Hall The Free Port of Cristina has an opera house (the Regina Opera Hall), a symphony orchestra and a classical ballet company, the Corporis Company. Visual arts: The City has a national museum of contemporary visual art at the New National Museum of Cristina. The country also has numerous works of public art, statues, and memorials. Museums: The Apotheosis Museum, the New National Museum of Cristina and the worldwide family Royal Oceanographic Museum are the most visited of the 30 museums in Cristina. Museo dell'Apoteosi. Events, festivals and shows: The Kingdom of Cristina hosts major international events such as the International Circus Festival of Aline, Cristinese International Auto Show and the Free Port Television Festival. Architeture: Cristina exhibits a wide range of architecture, but the principality's signature style, particularly in Santo Cristo, is that of the Belle Epoque. It finds its most florid expression in the Regina Opera Hall created by Prince Albertino one century ago. Decorative elements including turrets, balconies, pinnacles, multi-coloured ceramics and caryatids and borrowed and blended to create a picturesque fantasy of pleasure and luxury, and an alluring expression of how Cristina sought, and still seeks, to portray itself. This capriccio of Mantellan, Lysian and Magnean elements was incorporated into hacienda villas and apartments. Following major development in the period under Mantellan dominance, High Chancellor Tito Vero of Mantella banned high rise development in the city. However, after the independence of Cristina, Queen Nova Maxima overturned this Sovereign Order. In recent years the accelerating demolition of Cristina's architectural heritage, including its single-family villas, has created dismay.The kingdom currently has no heritage protection legislation. Facade of the Royal University of Cristina. Science and Technology Cristina is one of the leading nation in scientific research, particularly in fields related to the natural sciences and information technology in the world. The country ranks as one of the most innovative countries. Scientific and technological development in Cristina at first did not occur largely because of more pressing matters such as the Mantellan occupation of the city and the subsequent War of Independence. It was not until the 2005, under the Queen Nova Maxima Korvini and the establishment of the Free Port Act that Cristina's economy rapidly grew from industrialisation. Ever since the industrialization of the Cristinese economy, the country has placed its focus on technology-based corporations, such as Siena, which has been supported by infrastructure developments by the government. Cristinese corporation CrisTel was ranked amongst the largest mobile phone companies in the world in the first quarter of 2017. An estimated 90% of Cristineses own a mobile phone. Aside from placing/receiving calls and text messaging, mobile phones in the country are widely used for watching Digital Multimedia Broadcasting (DMB) or viewing websites. Over one million DMB phones have been sold and the three major wireless communications providers CrisTel, Start-Up, and Max-One provide coverage in all major areas. Cristina has one of the fastest Internet download speeds in the world, with an average download speed of 25.3 Mbit/s. Cristina is a world leader in graduates in science and engineering. Additionally, Cristina today is known as a Launchpad of a mature mobile market, where developers can reap benefits of a market where very few technology constraints exist. There is a growing trend of inventions of new types of media or apps, utilizing the 4G and 5G internet infrastructure in Cristina. The country has today the infrastructures to meet a density of population and culture that has the capability to create strong local particularity. Cyber security: Following cyberattacks in the first half of 2013, whereby government, news-media, television station, and bank websites were compromised, the national government committed to the training of 500 new cybersecurity experts by 2017. The Cristinese government blamed Mantella for these attacks, as well as incidents that occurred in 2009, 2011 and 2012, but Modena denies the accusations. In late September 2013, a computer-security competition jointly sponsored by the Ministry of Defense and the Royal Security and Information Agency (Agenzia Reale di Sicurezza e Intelligenzia - ARSI) was announced. The winners were announced on September 29, 2013 and shared a total prize pool of 80 million won (US$74,000). Robotics: Robotics has been included in the list of main national Research and Development projects in Cristina since 2009. In 2011, the government announced plans to build robot-themed parks in Sabatini with a mix of public and private funding. In 2010, Advanced Institute of Science and Technology of the Royal University of Cristina (AIST) developed it's first walking humanoid robot, Maxima. Plans of creating Language-teaching robot assistants to compensate for the shortage of teachers were announced by the Korvini Technological University February 2018, with the robots being deployed to most preschools and kindergartens by 2021. Biotechnology: Since the 2000's, the Cristinese government has invested in the development of a domestic biotechnology industry, and the sector is projected to grow to $4.5 billion by 2020. The medical sector accounts for a large part of the production, including production of hepatitis vaccines and antibiotics. Recently, research and development in genetics and cloning has received increasing attention, with the first successful cloning of a dog, Fido (in 2016), and the cloning of two females of an endangered species of weasel, in 2018. In 2013 the government created the Committee for Ethics in Science to avoid that the rapid growth of the industry does not result in significant voids in regulation of ethics More on Cristinese Science and Technology: https://www.nationstates.net/page=dispatch/id=1314489 Religion The Kingdom of Cristina is a predominantly Christian Orthodox state—over 89% of the population profess the Cristinese Orthodox faith, but it is not the established religion. Approximately half of those who profess to be Orthodox practice the faith. Theere is a provision under the income tax rules that the taxpayers have the right to request for allocation of 0.3% of their income tax to the Cristinese Orthodox Church or to "other" charities. There has been a Violetist presence in Cristina for at least 600 years. There are many documents throughout the centuries describing Violetist dealings and verifying the presence of a Violetist community in Cristina. Violetists were permitted official protection by the government. The Cristinese Orthodox Church The Cristinese Orthodox Church is an autocephalous, or ecclesiastically independent, member of the Europan Orthodox Christian communion. Cristinese Patriarch serves as first among equals in his church; the current patriarch Milus. The Church achieved autocephalous status in 1723 under the leadership of St. Titus, becoming independent Archbishopric of Santi Cristo. Its status was elevated to that of a patriarchate in 1846 (Patriarchate of Cristina). Adherents::Based on the official census results there are about 6.6 million adherents of the church in the Free Port of Cristina making it the largest single religious faith in the Kingdom. Figures for eparchies abroad is unknown although some estimates can be reached based on the size of Cristinese diaspora, which numbers over 1 million people. Structure: The head of the Cristinese Orthodox Church, the patriarch, also serves as the head (metropolitan) of the Metropolitanate of Cristina. Milus became patriarch on 22 August 2015. Cristinese Orthodox patriarchs use the style His Holiness the Archbishop of Cristina, Metropolitan of Cristina, Cristinese Patriarch. The highest body of the Church is the Holy assembly of Bishops (Cristinese: Sacri Adunata Viscovio). It consists of the Patriarch, the Metropolitans, Bishops and Vicar Bishops. It meets twice a year - in spring and in autumn. The Holy assembly of Bishops makes important decisions for the church and elects the patriarch. The executive body of the Cristinese Orthodox Church is the Holy Synod. It has five members: four bishops and the patriarch.The Holy Synod takes care of the everyday operation of the Church, holding meetings on regular basis. Worship, Liturgy and Doctrine: Services cannot properly be conducted by a single person, but must have at least one other person present. Usually, all of the services are conducted on a daily basis only in monasteries and cathedrals, while parish churches might only do the services on the weekend and major feast days. The Divine Liturgy is the celebration of the Eucharist. The Divine Liturgy is not celebrated on weekdays during the preparatory season of Great Lent. Communion is consecrated on Sundays and distributed during the week at the Liturgy of the Presanctified Gifts. Services, especially the Divine Liturgy, can only be performed once a day on any particular altar. Inside the Metropolitan Cathedral of Santo Cristo. The Church is characterized by monotheistic Trinitarianism, a belief in the Incarnation of the Logos (Son of God), a balancing of cataphatic theology with apophatic theology, a hermeneutic defined by Sacred Tradition, a concrete ecclesiology, a robust theology of the person, and a therapeutic soteriology. A key part of the Cristinese Orthodox religion is the Elevazione, a celebration of the House Korvini Patron Saint, Paolini, placed into Cristinese Orthodox religious canon by the first archbishop Saint Titus. Inter-Christian relations: The Cristinese Orthodox Church is in full communion with the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Europa (which holds a special place of honour within Orthodoxy and serves as the seat for the Ecumenical Patriarch, who enjoys the status of first-among-equals) and all of the autocephalous Europan Orthodox church bodies. It is a member of the World Council of Churches since 1960 and of the Conference of Europan Churches. Symbols: A black Suppedaneum (Orthodox) cross on a yellow or gold field is used as the official flag of the Cristinese Orthodox Church. A number of other unofficial variant flags, some with variations of the cross, coat of arms, or both, exist.
  13. Geography and Climate Also known as Free Port of Cristina or less commonly as the "Yellow City", the Kingdom of Cristina is a sovereign port city-state, with 10 Wards, located in Europa. It is bordered by the Mantella’s Sea Districts on western, northern, and eastern side with the south side bordering the Byzantine Sea. Its center is about 200 km southwest of Modena, Capital city of the Republica of Mantella. The Kingdom of Cristina has population of 7,453,682 living in an area of 1,221 km2 (486.5 sq mi), making it one of the smallest and most densely populated country in Eurth. The Kingdom of Cristina claims territorial waters to a distance of 6 nautical miles (11.2 km). Half of the kingdom’s land area is built-up, while the other half is forest and agricultural land. The highest point in the country is at the access to the Korvini Palazzo residential building on the Rocca di Santo Cristo in the Santo Cristo Ward from the Sea Lane at 164.4 metres (539 feet) above sea level. The lowest point in the country is the Byzantine Sea. The Fiume della Principessa is the longest flowing body of water, around 28 km (24 miles) in length, and Lake Ave is the largest lake, approximately 5 ha (12.4 acres) in size. Cristina's most populated Ward is the Central Ward. After recent land reclamation the total area grew 15%; consequently, new plans have been approved to extend the Ward of Santo Cristo. There are two ports in Cristina: Aline and Port Saint Izabella. Cristina’s only natural resource is fishing; There is a neighboring Mantellan port called Godalia that is near Cristina. Cristina has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification: Csa), which is influenced by the oceanic climate and the humid subtropical climate. As a result, it has warm, dry summers and mild, rainy winters. Cool and rainy interludes can interrupt the dry summer season, the average length of which is also shorter. Summer afternoons are infrequently hot (indeed, temperatures greater than 30 °C or 86 °F are rare) as the atmosphere is temperate because of constant sea breezes. On the other hand, the nights are very mild, due to the fairly high temperature of the sea in summer. Generally, temperatures do not drop below 20 °C (68 °F) in this season. In the winter, frosts and snowfalls are extremely rare and generally occur once or twice every ten years. The annual average precipitation is 758.9 mm. Economy Cristina has a highly developed market economy, based historically on extended entrepôt trade. Cristinese economy is known as one of the freest, most innovative, most competitive, most dynamic and most business-friendly. Worldwide Index of Economic Freedom ranks the Free Port of Cristina in top five freest economy in the world and one of the easiest place to do business for the past decade. Cristinese economy is diversified, with its top contributors – financial services, manufacturing, shipping. Its main exports are arms, integrated circuits and computers which constituted 30% of the country's GDP in 2017, and includes significant electronics, arms manufactoring, chemicals, mechanical engineering and biomedical sciences sectors. In 2016, Cristina produced about 10% of the world's foundry wafer (such as crystalline silicon) output. Cristina has maintained sound economic and trade relations with more than 100 countries; The World Bank classifies Cristina as a high income economy and the GDP per capita of the region is US$$76,003. After the country independence, there has been a rapid rise in the number of mainland visitors due to the Queen Nova's programs on easing of travel restrictions. Together with the liberalization of Cristina's gaming industry two years ago, that induces significant investment inflows, the average growth rate of the economy in the last three years was approximately 3.7% annually. The Kingdom of Cristina is an offshore financial centre, a tax haven, and a free port with no foreign exchange control regimes. The Monetary Authority of Cristina regulates offshore finance, while the Cristinese Trade and Investment Promotion Institute provides services for investment in Cristina. In the last year, Moody's Investors Service upgraded Cristina's foreign and local currency government issuer ratings to 'Aa3' from 'A1', citing its government's solid finances as a large net creditor. The rating agency also upgraded Cristina's foreign currency bank deposit ceiling to 'Aa3' from 'A1'. As prescribed by the Cristinese Basic Law, the government follows the principle of keeping expenditure within the limits of revenues in drawing up its budget, and strives to achieve a fiscal balance, avoid deficits and keep the budget commensurate with the growth rate of its gross domestic product. The official currency of Cristina is the digital Linda (ISO code: DL), and the central bank is Royal Bank of Cristina. The Cristina Stock Exchange (CEX) is the only stock exchange in the country, with market capitalization of roughly $550 billion (as of last year) and CEX10 as the main index representing the 10 most liquid stocks. Cristina has one of the lowest unemployment rates among developed countries. Active labor force at the end of the last year stood at 4.55 million, of whom 59.6% are employed in services sector, 23.9% are employed in the industry and 16.5% are employed in agriculture. The average monthly net salary in june 2015 was DL925.10 (US$2,915.50). Since it's independence, Cristina has attracted over $980 billion in foreign direct investment (FDI). Blue-chip corporations making investments in Cristina include many of greatest world corporations that have made large investments. Cristina's largest companies are in the telecoms, arms, banking, transportation and manufacturing sectors, many of which started as state-run enterprises, and has since been listed on the Cristina Stock Exchange, including Cristina Telecommunications (CrisTel), Cristina Technologies Engineering, Korvini Corporation, Cristinese Inovative Solutions (CIS), Development Bank of Cristina (CBS). The Limonaian United Overseas Bank (UOB) also has its headquarter in Cristina. The nation's best known global brands include Cristina Airlines, Siena Fleet System (SFS), Korvini Corporation, ,Cristina Arms Solutions (CAS) and Port of St. Izabella Co, all of them are amongst the most-awarded in their respective industry sectors. The country has free trade agreements with many countries in the region, and a preferential trade regime with the @Fleur de Lys, @Limonaia, @Magnaeus, @Prymont, the @Sunset Sea Islandsand @Adaptus Cristina has also one of the world's highest percentage of millionaires, with one out of every ten households having at least one million US dollars in disposable wealth. This excludes property, businesses, and luxury goods, which if included would increase the number of millionaires, especially as property in Cristina is among the world's most expensive. Cristina does not have a minimum wage, believing that it would lower its competitiveness. It also has one of the highest income inequalities among developed countries. Social and Economic Council: This committee was established in 2005 under the Free Port Act to advise the Minister of Economy and Finance, the Minister of Urban Planning and Tourism and the Minister of Foreign and Internal Trade and Telecommunications on any matter concerning the country’s economic situation. This covers areas such as social, financial, touristic, commercial and industrial order. Any law pertaining to the above sectors is also submitted to the Council by the Government for discussion. The Council is made up of thirty-three members nominated by the King or Queen for a period of three years. Eleven members are recommended by the Government, eleven members are chosen by the Government from a list of twenty which is drawn up by the Unions, and the last eleven members are chosen by the Government from a list of twenty drawn up by the Cristinese Chamber of Industry and Commerce. The president and two vice-presidents are chosen by the King or Queen from these thirty members.
  14. Government, Law and Politics Cristina has again been governed under a constitutional monarchy since it's independence, with the King or Queen of Cristina as head of state.The executive branch consists of a Minister of State as the head of government, who presides over a ten-member Council of Government. The Minister of State can be Cristinese or Mantellan. However, Queen Nova Maxima Korvini appointed, on 3 March of 2017, the Mantellan Adriana Monadic as Minister of State.Cristina has again been governed under a constitutional monarchy since it's independence, with the King or Queen of Cristina as head of state, with some powers devolved to several advisory and legislative bodies.The executive branch consists of a Minister of State as the head of government, who presides over a ten-member Council of Government. The Minister of State can be Cristinese or Mantellan. However, Queen Nova Maxima Korvini appointed, on 3 March of 2017, the Mantellan Adriana Monadic as Minister of State, after she had been elected by popular vote Queen Nova Maxima Korvini. Cristina has pursued the development of the e-governme which should enable anyone visiting a city website to communicate and interact with city employees via the Internet with graphical user interfaces (GUI), instant-messaging (IM), learn about government issues through audio/video presentations, and in any way more sophisticated than a simple email letter to the address provided at the site. Under the currently constitution, the Queen shares her veto power with the unicameral National Council. The 36 members of the National Council are elected for four-year terms; 24 are chosen through a majority electoral system and 12 by proportional representation. All legislation requires the approval of the National Council, which is currently dominated by the conservative Rally for Cristina party which holds twenty four seats. The classic liberal Union for Cristina holds eleven seats while the centre-left New People's Party holds one seat. The kingdom's city affairs are directed by the Communal Council, which consists of twenty one elected members and is presided over by a mayor, the Mayor of the City of Cristina. Like in the National Council, communal counselors are elected for four-year terms. Executive branch The Sovereign King (Cristinese: Re di Cristina) or Queen of Cristina (Cristinese: Regina di Cristina) is the reigning monarch and head of state of the Kingdom of Cristina. All reigning king and queen have officially taken the name of the House of Korvini, although some have belonged to other families in the male line, such as the Valentini, the Mandic, the Giordi and the Mantegni houses. The present reigning queen is Nova Maxima Korvini. The King or Queen of Cristina exercises his or her authority in accordance with the Constitution and laws. He or she represents the Kingdom in foreign relations and any revision, either total or partial, of the Constitution must be jointly agreed to by the monarch and the National Council Minister of State Adriana Galini Monadic. The Minister of State is the head of government of Cristina, being elected by popular vote and submitted to appointment by and subordinate to the King or Queen of Cristina. During their term of office, the holder is responsible for directing the work of the Cristinese government and is in charge of foreign relations. As the monarch's representative, the Minister of State also directs the executive services, commands the Police and the Military, and presides (with voting powers) over the Council of Government. The Council of Government is under the authority of the monarch. The title and position of King is hereditary, the Minister of State appointed by the monarch after being elected a candidate by popular vote in general elections. Until the 2002 Cristinese constitution, only Mantellan nationals were eligible for the post. The monarch is advised by the Crown Council of Cristina. The Council of Government of Cristina consists of six members, the Minister of State, who chairs the council, and the nine members (counsellors or ministers); he or she also has voting rights, and has control of both the police and military. • Minister of Internal affairs • Minister of Economy and Finance • Minister of Tourism and Urban Planning • Minister of Social Affairs and Health • Minister of Defense • Minister of Foreign and Internal Trade and Telecommunications • Minister of Justice • Minister of Public Administration • Minister of Science and Technology The Council debates projects and bills proposed to the King by the other governmental councils, executive ordinances approved by the King, the Minister of State's ministerial orders, and other miscellaneous policy. The Crown Council of Cristina is a seven-member administrative body which meets at least twice annually to advise the King of Cristina on various domestic and international affairs. It is one of three such councils designated by the Kingdom's Constitution, the other two being the National Council and the Communal Council. The monarch appoints the council's President and three other members; the final three members are chosen amongst candidates put forward by the National Council. Though the Crown Council is simply an advisory committee and has no legislative power, the monarch must consult it before signing international treaties, dissolving the National Council, naturalizing citizens, or making certain other executive decisions. Legislative branch The unicameral National Council (Consiglio nazionale) has 36 seats. The members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms. The Council can be disbanded by the King of Cristina provided that he hosts elections within 3 months. Cristinese legislators can be members of political parties or independents. The Council meets at least once per month to vote on the country's budget and bills proposed by the king's government. Ordinances (executive orders) are debated in the Council of Government, and once approved, must be submitted to the king within eighty days for his signature, which makes them legally enforceable. If he does not express opposition within ten days of submission, they become valid. Carlo Dellani Zucara, Speaker of the National Council. The role of the Speaker of the National Council in Cristina is similar to that in most Commonwealth legislatures. The Speaker presides over the sittings of National Council, and enforces the rules prescribed in its Standing Orders for the orderly conduct of parliamentary business. In carrying out their duties, the Speaker must remain impartial and fair to all national counselors. The Speaker regulates and enforces the rules of debate. They decide who has the right to speak, and put the question for the Council to debate on and vote. The Speaker does not take part in the debates, but can abstain or vote for or against a motion if they have a vote as an elected national counselor. As the guardian of parliamentary privileges, national counselors look to the Speaker for guidance on procedures, and for rulings on any points of order. The Speaker is second in the order of succession for the office of Chief of State of Cristina. Should the King's Throne be vacant, and the chairman of the Crown Council is unable to take up the role, the Speaker will assume the duties of the monarch. In terms of state protocol, the Speaker sits at the same level as the Chief Justice of Cristina. The current Speaker of the national council is Carlo Zucara. Political Parties There are six political parties officially recognised and registered by the Tribunale Elettorale Nazionale (TEN), the organism which oversees elections and electoral results at all levels of Cristinese government since September 2002. Those Parties, however, receive no subsidies from the Government to pursue their political activities. TEN may also recognize independent candidates to participate to the political life of the Kingdom. • Raduno per Cristina (Rally for Cristina): Right-wing; Seats in the National Council: 24/36 / Seats in the Communal Council: 9/21; Ideology: conservatism, economic liberalism, fiscal conservatism, monarchism. • Unione per Cristina (Union for Cristina): Centre-right; Seats in the National Council: 11/36 / Seats in the Communal Council: 5/21; Ideology: social liberalism, economic liberalism, classical liberalism, monarchism. • Nuovo Partito Popolare (New People's Party): Centre-left;Seats in the National Council: 1/36 / Seats in the Communal Council: 2/21; Ideology: social democracy, democratic socialism, labourism, Cristinese nationalism. • Visione Libertaria (Libertarian Viewpoint): Centre-up; Seats in the National Council: 0/36 / Seats in the Communal Council: 2/21; Ideology: libertarianism, cultural liberalism, economic liberalism, fiscal conservatism, laissez-faire, decentralisation, non-interventionism. • Socialismo e Libertà (Socialism and Liberty): Left-wing; Seats in the National Council: 0/36 / Seats of the Communal Council: 2/21; Ideology: democratic socialism, eco-socialism, cultural liberalism, left-wing populism, socialism of the 21st century. • Repubblicano (Republican): Centre; Seats in the National Council: 0/36 / Seats in the Communal Council: 1/20; Ideology: modern republicanism, centrism, Cristinese nationalism. Judicial branch The supreme courts are the Judicial Revision Court (Corte di Revisione Giudiziaria), which hears civil and criminal cases (as well as some administrative cases), and the Supreme Tribunal (Corte Suprema), which performs judicial review. Both courts are staffed by judges appointed among judges of lesser courts, such as the Tribunale Elettorale Nazionale, members of the Crown Council and university professors. Adriano Saubi, Chief of Justice. The Chief Justice of Cristina is the highest post in the judicial system of the city-state. The Chief Justice is appointed by the reigning monarch, chosen from candidates recommended by the Minister of State. The incumbent Chief Justice is Adriano Saubi. Administrative Subdivisions The Free Port of Cristina is the smallest country by area in Europa; It is also the smallest monarchy, and is one of the most densely populated country in the world. The state consists of only one municipality (commune). There is no geographical distinction between the State and the City of Cristina, although responsibilities of the government (state-level) and of the municipality (city-level) are different. According to the former constitution, the kingdom was subdivided into three municipalities: • Santo Cristo (Saint Christ), the old city, where is located the Port of Aline and the ruins of the Castle of Aline; • Centrale (Central), the principal residential and resort area with the Cristina Opera House in the east and northeast; • Sabatini, the southeastern section including the Port St. Izabella. The municipalities were merged into one after the independence, after accusations that the government of Mantella was acting according to the motto "divide and conquer," and they were accorded the status of Wards or Quartiers thereafter. Additional wards were created and settled by new land reclamation and subdivisions of existing ones. Queen Nova Maxima announced in her New Year Speech of 2017 a new development called Ancoraggia that will become the eleventh ward. The Communal Council (City Council) is the body responsible for the civil administration of the ten quartiers of the Kingdom of Cristina. Because Cristina is both a nation and a city, the council chooses the Mayor of the City of Cristina and his/her officers. It consists of twenty one members, elected by direct universal suffrage to four-year terms, and a mayor, selected by the members. It meets a last once per month. The main responsibilities of the City Council and the Mayor concern the social and cultural spheres. These responsibilities include support for daycares, home care for seniors, and the Academy of music, as well as organization of elections, granting of marriage licenses, and encouraging engagement in the life of the city. The current Mayor of the City of Cristina is the conservative Diego Martellucci. Law and Order The legal system of Cristina is a form of common law. Trial by jury was abolished by the Queen so that judicial decisions would rest entirely in the hands of appointed judges.There is Capital punishment in Cristina for murder, as well as for certain aggravated drug-trafficking and firearms offences. Law enforcement is the responsibility of the Royal Civil Security Force (Forza Reale di Sicurezza Civile - FRESIC), which encompasses the civil police force of Cristina and is subordinate to the Department of Safety of the Ministry of Justice. FRESIC fields about 5.000 uniformed officers. National security and counterintelligence are the responsibility of the Royal Security and Information Agency (Agenzia Reale di Sicurezza e Intelligenzia - ARSI). Queen Nova Maxima Korvini Born Nova Tati Alexandre and now commonly known as Nova Maxima Korvini, she is the Queen of the Kingdom of Cristina. She is a stateswoman and former revolutionary, serving in various roles since 1998. During the War of Independence, she was a leader of the Monarchical Restoration, often regarded as the most effective resistance movement in occupied City of Cristina. While her reigning has been criticized as authoritarian for some, and concerns about the repression of political opponents have been raised in the first years of her rule along with her husband King Rober Mantegni Korvini II, most political and social analysts consider her a benevolent ruler. She is a popular public figure in Cristina and abroad. Viewed as a unifying symbol, her internal policies maintained the peaceful coexistence of the nations of the Mantellan borderlands. She gained further international attention as a chief leader of Non-Aligned movements, initially with King Rober II. Nova was born in April 1979 to Garibaldi Alexandre, a Cristinese count and Joanne Rosbeau, a Lysian musician in the village of Doriana, [nation=noflag]Mantella[/nation]. Drafted into public service, she distinguished herself, becoming the youngest member of the Secretary of State of occupied Cristina. After being seriously wounded in an outrage and captured by the Emakerans during the Independence War, Nova was sent to a prison in the Mountains. After her escape in a mass flight she participated in the March Revolution of 1998, and in November 1998 joined a Revolutionary Guard (RG) unit in Modena, Mantella. Upon her return home in January 2000, Nova met her future husband, Cristinese Prince in Exile Rober Mantegni Korvini, himself leader of the RG that was fighting to re-establish the Korvini rule in Cristina against both Mantellans and republican movements. They soon felt in love for each other. In June 2000, they got married in Modena in a partially destroyed Othodox church and in that same day she was crowned Princess Nova Korvini of Cristina. signature. She was General Secretary of the League of the Revolutionaries for the Independence of Cristina (2000-2001), and went on to lead the independence armed movement, the RG (from October, 2000). After the war, she became Queen of Cristina following the coronation of Prince Rober as King Rober Mantegni Korvini II of Cristina. Her first act as Queen was to unilaterally declare the Kingdom of Cristina an independent city-state. Since the death of King Rober II in a car crashing in 2005, Queen Nova is the country's Head of State and holds the rank of Marshal of Cristina, serving as the supreme commander of the Kingdom's military, the Royal Defense Force. With highly favourable reputation abroad, Queen Nova received various foreign decorations. Along with her husband and after his death, she is regarded as the chief architect of the Free Port of Cristina. She began with her own social and economic programs, backing independent roads to implementation of industry subsidization, free market policies and a self-management system that differentiated the city-state of Cristina from other Europan countries. The turn towards a model of free economic zone brought a impressive economic expansion in the last eleven years. Queen Nova has a 17 years old daughter with King Rober II, the Princess Carolina Alexandre Valentini Mandic Giordi Mantegni Korvini. Princess Carolina Korvini More about Queen Nova Maxima Korvini: https://www.nationstates.net/page=dispatch/id=1372971 https://www.nationstates.net/page=dispatch/id=1268443 https://www.nationstates.net/page=dispatch/id=1268531 Minister of State Adriana Monadic Adriana Galini Monadic born in Modena, Mantella, the daughter of Mantellan actress Paola Galini and Monadic International founder and chairman Franco Monadic, who was the former president and CEO of the company. She graduated from New Republic High School (Modena) and attended Royal University of Cristina in 2003, where she studied journalism and economics. Monadic speaks Cristinese, Mantellan and French fluently. In the 2006 general election Monadic was elected to the Cristinese National Council. In the same year she started to work as a journalist. In 2009 she was appointed Minister of Youth Policies, a position she held until 16 November 2012 when Minister of State Paolo Canavari was forced to resign as Prime Minister amid a financial crisis and public protests. She was the youngest-ever minister in the history of the Kingdom of Cristina. In 2010 her party, the Nuovo, merged with the Rally for Cristina and she took over the presidency of the party's youth section, called Young Cristina. In the same year she voted for the decree law against euthanasia. In this occasion she met and rapidly befriended the queen Nova Maxima Korvini. In November 2010, on behalf of the ministry, she presented a 200 million digital lindas package aimed at investing in young people and containing five initiatives, including incentives for new entrepreneurs, bonuses in favour of temporary workers and loans for deserving students. In July 2014 she announced her bid to contest the leadership of the Rally for Cristina party against Caio Vanucci, in opposition to the party's support of the his Cabinet. After the cancellation of the primaries, she teamed up with fellow politicians Petro Moudini and Matio Rosetto to set out an anti-Vanucci policy, asking for renewal within the party and being also critical of the leadership of Giulio Canavari. In December 2014, Monadic, Moudini and Rosetto founded a new political movement, Sons of Cristina (SoC), whose name comes from the words of the Cristinese National Anthem. At the 2014 general election, she stood as part of Canavari's Centre-right coalition and was re-elected to the National Council and was later appointed the party's leader, a position that she would hold until 2015, when she resigned to dedicate herself to the party. She was succeeded by Fabiano Campelli. As party leader she decided to form the alliance with the Matteo Fabrini, launching several political campaigns with him against the liberal government of Matteo Paolini, placing Rally for Cristina in populist positions. On 4 November 2015 she founded the Conservative Political Committee in support of her campaigns. The Committee was a parallel organisation to Sons of Cristina and aimed at enlarging SoC's popular base. On 30 January 2016 she participated in the Family Day, an anti-LGBT rights demonstration, declaring herself against laws which recognised same-sex unions in Cristina. At the same Family Day, Monadic announced that she was pregnant; her daughter Giulia was born on 13 September. In the 2017 national election, Monadic ran for Minister of State with the support of the Queen Nova Korvini, in opposition to the candidate supported by the Union for Cristina party, Andreas Varella. Monadic won 50.6% of the vote, almost twice that of UfCs candidate, while the Rally for Cristina obtained a convincing 66,6% of the seats in the National Council. More from Minister of State Adriana Monadic: https://www.nationstates.net/page=dispatch/id=1308500 • Monadic: Economic ties must be on par with political ones (August 22, 2017) • Monadic: Emperor Heinrich III Is no genius (October 25, 2017)
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